[SEAL]

Kolosvari Arpadne Julia
eastern.crown@eastkingdom.org

Thursday, March 15th, 2007

Unto the East Kingdom College of Heralds and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Eastern Crown Herald!

This ILoI contains submissions received by March 12th, 2007 and has 24 numbered items. Commentary, as always, should be sent to the above address and/or the Letter of Comment email list, and is due by April 15th, 2007.

Enjoy!

Julia Eastern Crown


Berric Grayveson1 Berric Grayveson (m) - New Name & New Badge
Herald of Record: Brunissende & Berric

(Fieldless) An anchor gules.

If his name must be changed, he cares most about the sound.

Berric is dated c. 1045 in Searle, p. 105.

Grayveson is found in R&W p. 203 s.n. Graveson. The submitted spelling is dated to 1327.


2 Brianna McBain - Resub Guild Name
Herald of Record: Eastern Crown
Submitted Name: Saint Bavon's Company

No major changes.

The previously submitted guild name, St Bavon's Company of Falconry, was returned on the Oct. 2006 LoAR (Brianna McBain, R-East) for lack of evidence that it followed period patterns for names of guilds or other groups of people. The return said: "We would register this as Saint Bavon's Company, but the submitter will not accept major changes." This submission drops the extra phrase to match the form given as registerable in the return.


Ceilidh McBain3 Ceilidh McBain - Resub Device
Herald of Record: Palotzi Marti

Vair, in pale two swans naiant Or.

Her name was forwarded to Laurel on the Oct. 2006 xLoI. Her device, Or chausse vair, a swan naiant azure, was returned from the Aug. 2006 ILoI for conflict with Eadward Ames (Jan. 92 via Caid), Potent, on a pile Or a vulture contourny reguardant sable, with just one CD for the changes to the bird. This submission is a nearly complete redesign.


Collin Monro of Tadcaster4 Collin Monro of Tadcaster - New Badge
Herald of Record: Alys Mackyntoich

(Fieldless) A Maltese cross per saltire argent and sable.

His name and device (Argent, a pithon and on a chief sable three Maltese crosses argent) were registered in June 2006, via the East.


Culann mac Cianain5 Culann mac Cianain (m) - New Name & New Device
Herald of Record: Alys Mackyntoich

Quarterly sable and chequy argent and azure, in bend sinister two boars passant contourny.

If his name must be changed, he cares most about the sound.

An article at http://www.libraryireland.com references St. Culann as an Irish saint for whom a bell was named.

OCM p. 51 s.n. Cianan states that Cianan is a diminutive of Cian, and that there were two saints by this name; Cianain is the hypothetical genitive form, following the pattern in "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/irish100.html ).


East, Kingdom of the6 East, Kingdom of the - New Order Name & New Badge
Herald of Record: Brigantia
Submitted Name: Order of the Golden Mantle of the East

(Fieldless) A mantle Or.

Either the kingdom's name or device was registered in Jan. 1973.

This order name follows the pattern color + thing + location documented in "Project Ordensnamen" by Meradudd Cethin ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/ ).

[The following lines are quoted verbatim from the form. No photocopies provided.]

Golden - adj. of or pertaining to gold, c. 870 Codex Aureus

Mantle - noun a loose sleeveless cloak of varying lengths c. 897 K. Alfred, Gregory past.

Compact Oxford English Dictionary 2nd Ed., reprinted 2004.


Emeline Patterson7 Emeline Patterson - New Household Name & New Badge
Herald of Record: Alys Mackyntoich
Submitted Name: Academy of the Toad

(Fieldless) Three toads tergiant conjoined in pall at the feet vert.

Her primary name and device (Purpure, a crane and on a chief embattled argent three mullets of eight points vert) were registered in Feb. 2005, via the East.

Academy is a valid household designator for SCA use. See, e.g., the Aug. 2002 LoAR under Galen Storm (A-Atlantia), registering 'Academy of the Falcon and Sword'. The OED dates the term, in the meaning 'a place of learning or training', to 1570: Queen Elizabethes Achademy.

The term toad, meaning a tailless amphibian, is found in the OED dated back to approx. 1000. The spelling 'toad' is found in Shakespeare's As You Like It (1600): "Sweet are the uses of aduersitie, Which like the toad, ougly and venomous, Weares yet a precious Iewell in his head." With the alternate meaning of 'anything hateful or loathsome', the term 'toad' in that spelling is found in the OED dated to 1586. Applied as an insult to a person, the OED also cites an instance of 'toad' in Shakespeare's Richard III (1594).


8 Emma of Akerynton (f) - New Name
Herald of Record: Palotzi Marti

No major changes.

She requests authenticity for 1200-1300 Northern England.

Emma is the sixth most common feminine name in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Names from 13th Century Northumberland" ( http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/northumberland.html ). It's also found in Talan Gwynek's "Women's Given Names from Early 13th Century England", as the fifth most common name, with 8 occurrences ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng13/eng13f.html ).

Akerynton is dated to 1258 in Ekwall p.2 s.n. Accrington. The place is located in Lancashire, and Ekwall derives it from Old English Æcerntun 'tun where acorns grew'.


Francesca Teresa Giani9 Francesca Teresa Giani (f) - New Name & New Device
Herald of Record: Brigit of Longwood

Azure, a fess between two dogs respectant and a shark naiant all within an orle argent.

No changes.

She cares most about spelling.

Academy of St. Gabriel Report 1398 ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/1398 ) says Francesca was one of the most common women's names in 15th century Florence (citing Arval's Online Catasto article). The report also mentions that this spelling is unlikely in Castille, but the similar forms Francescha and Franquesa occur in Barcelona in 1390 (citing Marsá, Francisco, et al. Onomástica Barcelonesa del Siglo XIV, Barcelona: University of Barcelona, 1977).

St. Gabriel Report 2879 ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/2879 ) dates Teresa to the first half of the 14th century in Narayola, and says that in the quoted study (Aryanhwy's "Leonese Names from the First Half of the 14th Century"), it was the second most common feminine name. The report also mentions one instance of Teresa in Barcelona in 1389 (Mársa, op. cit.), and three examples in Navarre in 1366 (Carrasco Pérez, Juan: La Población de Navarra en el Siglo XIV, Pamplona, Spain: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra, S.A, 1973).

No documentation provided for Giani. The submission form says Teresa is meant as her "middle name or Chastened named" .


Fridha av Bergen10 Fridha av Bergen - New Device
Herald of Record: Tanzos Istvan

Per bend vert and azure, two cats salient within a bordure indented argent.

Her name was registered in Sep. 2004, via Atlantia.


Gareth Grey de Wilton11 Gareth Grey de Wilton - Resub Device
Herald of Record: Badger

Per bend embattled argent and gules, a key cross gules.

His name was registered in Feb. 2005, via the East. His original device submission, Argent, on a bend sinister cotised vert three Latin crosses palewise argent, a bordure counterchanged, was returned by Laurel in Feb. 2005 for non-period style. His previous resubmission, Vert, between two bendlets sinister three crosses double crosslet argent, was returned on the June 2006 LoD for conflict. This is a complete redesign.


12 Gareth Ivelchild (m) - New Name
Herald of Record: Robin Gallowglass

If his name must be changed, he cares most about the sound.

Gareth is dated to 1593 in Withycombe 2nd ed. p. 119.

Ivelchild is dated to 1203 in R&W p. 158 s.n. Evilchild.


Geneviève de Lausanne13 Geneviève de Lausanne (f) - New Name & New Device
Herald of Record: Steingard Helmschrot

Vert, an edelweiss argent seeded Or.

No changes.

[Quoting verbatim from the submission form...]

-Geneviève: possibly means 'tribe woman' in Gaulish. Could be form of Guinevere. Known usage: Saint Geneviève, patron saint of Paris, 5th century. French. From Behind the Name, Mike Campbell 1996-2007.

-De Lausanne: 'of Lausanne'. Capital of Canton Vaud, Switzerland. Lausanne was originally a Roman military camp, 'Lousanna', during the reign of Marcus Iulius Caesar. When ruled by the House of Savoy (1003-1416 -- counts; 1416-1536 -- dukes) it became known by the French 'Lausanne'. [Herald offered via email: http://switzerland.isyours.com/e/guide/lausanne/history.html ]


Geoffrey Blesedale14 Geoffrey Blesedale - Resub Device
Herald of Record: Palotzi Marti

Gyronny gules and argent, a bar gemel and a sheep couchant reguardant contourny sable.

His name was registered in Oct. 2003, via the East. His original device submission, Per chevron inverted azure and vert, a goutte Or issuant from the base of the division, was returned on the Sep. 2002 LoR for administrative reasons and conflict. His first resubmission, Per chevron gules and sable, in dexter chief a compass rose argent, in sinister chief a moon in her plenitude argent, in base an acorn over two garbs, all Or, was returned on the July 2004 LoD for violating RfS VIII.1.a ("slot machine"). His second resub, Gyronny gules and argent, a sheep couchant sable sustaining a halberd proper bitted sable, was returned on the Nov. 2005 LoAR (published Feb. 10, 2006) for having an argent charge (the halberd) on a partly argent field. This submission removes the halberd to fix this problem.


15 Hartshorn-dale, Shire of - New Heraldic Title
Herald of Record: Lillia de Vaux
Submitted Name: Massacre Pursuivant

The shire's name was registered in Aug. 1988, via the East. The shire's device, Or, a stag's attire and on a chief azure three laurel wreaths Or, and badge, Azure, an unstrung bugle horn bendwise sinister Or, were registered in Oct. 1988, via the East. If the submission must be changed, meaning is most important.

Per the RfS III.2.b.iii, "Heraldic titles must follow the patterns of period heraldic titles. These are generally drawn from ... names of heraldic charges (Crosslet Herald, Estoile Volant Pursuivant, Noir Lyon Pursuivant) ..." As a heraldic charge, a massacre is a stag's entire rack of antlers, possibly with the head (or part of it) attached; see Parker's Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry, http://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/Jpglossm.htm, under "Deer" and "Massacre", and the PicDic, under "Horn, animal". The submitting herald does not have access to the OED; hopefully, relevant cites will be provided in kingdom commentary.

Although it's not technically required, there is a letter of support or "petition" included, signed by the shire's seneschal and exchequer.


James McBane16 James McBane - Resub Device
Herald of Record: Palotzi Marti

Per pale sable and gules, in pale three fox's masks Or.

His name was registered in Sep. 2006, via the East. His original device submission, Sable, a trillium argent, voided sable, on a chief gules, three fox masks Or was returned on the Feb. 2006 LoD for violating RfS VIII.2.b.i. His previous device resubmission, Quarterly sable and gules, a fox's mask Or, was returned on the July 2006 LoD for conflict with Isabella of Greycliffs (07/1985 via the Middle), Per bend sinister embattled sable and vert, a fox's mask Or, with just one CD for the field. This submission adds two fox's masks to clear this conflict. This device is clear of Brianna McBain's badge (Sep. 97 East), Gules, three fox's masks Or, with one CD for the field, and another for arrangement.


17 John Marshall atte Forde (m) - New Name Change
Herald of Record: Lillia de Vaux
Current name: John Marshall of Hartshorn-dale

No changes.

His current name was registered in Sep. 2002, via the East. It is to be released if this registration is successful.

Both 'John' and 'Marshall' are found in "An Index to the 1523 Subsidy Roll for York and Ainsty, England" by Karen Larsdatter ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/york16/index.htm ).

R&W (3rd ed.) p. 174 s.n. Ford lists a Geoffrey atte Forde 1296.


Kenneric Aubrey18 Kenneric Aubrey - Resub Device
Herald of Record: Brita Mairi Svensdottir

Azure, a chevron inverted between an owl close contourny and two crossed keys argent.

His name was forwarded to Laurel on the Oct. 2006 xLoI. His original device submission, Azure, a chevron between two owls contourny and a key palewise wards to sinister chief argent, was returned on the Aug. 2006 LoD for multiple conflicts: Angela of the Stoney Oak Forest (Jun. 84 via the Middle), Azure, a chevron between two acorns and an oak leaf argent; Beorn Collenferth (Oct. 82 via Meridies), Azure, a chevron between a harp, an axe reversed and a sabre-toothed tiger statant argent; and Rannveigr Haakonardottir (Dec. 83 via the East), Azure, a chevron between two falcons close respectant and a drakkar's prow reversed argent. In each case, there was but one CD for the changes in type of secondary charges. This submission changes the orientation of the chevron (among other things) to clear these conflicts.


19 Mahin Bãnu (f) - New Name Change
Herald of Record: Alys Mackyntoich
Current name: Selena d'Ambra

No major changes.

If this name is registered, her current name is to be released. It was registered in Jan. 1991, via the East. If her name must be changed, she cares most about the sound and Persian language and/or culture.

Mahin Bãnu is the name of a princess of the Safavid Dynasty in 16th century Iran. She is more commonly known as the princess Soltãnum, sister of Shah Tahmasb. The name appears in an article by Abolala Soudavar, "A Chinese Dish from the Lost Endowment of Princess Soltãnum," originally published in Iran and Iranian Studies: Essays in Honor of Iraj Afshar (edited by Kambiz Eslami; 1st ed. Princeton, NJ: Zagros Press, 1998, pp. 125-147). A copy of the article downloaded from his website ( http://www.soudavar.com ) is attached. The specific references to Mahin Bãnu are found on pages 4-5. The name is inscribed on a bowl in this spelling.

Mahin Banu is also the name given to a character in the poem "Khusrow and Shirin" by the poet Nizami (1140-1230). Based on descriptions of the poem found in published sources, the character appears to be a human queen possessed of no special powers. Shirin, the hero's love interest, is Mahin Banu's daughter. See The World of Myths, vol. II, (British Museum Press, 2004), pp. 142-43 (findable on Google put not printable); and see also an article reviewing a book discussing Nizami's poem ( http://syrcom.cua.edu/Hugoye/Vol7No2/HV7N2PRHorn.html ).


Martyn de Haliwell20 Martyn de Haliwell (m) - New Name & New Device
Herald of Record: Robin Gallowglass

Per pale argent and azure, a hedgehog statant between three crosses fitchy counterchanged.

No major changes.

If his name must be changed, he cares most about the sound Hell-e-well.

Withycombe p. 200 s.n. Martin dates a Martyn Cocke to c. 1515.

R&W p. 213 s.n. Halliwell dates Osbert de Haliwell' 1200, Robert Halwewoll, Martin de Halgewelle 1275.


Melodia de Westbrok21 Melodia de Westbrok - New Device
Herald of Record: Tanzos Istvan

Purpure semy of needles, a rose argent.

Her name was registered in Sep. 2005, via the East.


Scolastica la souriete22 Scolastica la souriete (f) - New Blanket Permission To Conflict & New Badge
Herald of Record: Palotzi Marti

(Fieldless) A dressed drop spindle Or.

Her primary name was registered in Oct. 2006, via the East. Her device, Or, a Catherine wheel vert, on a chief azure three frets Or, was registered in Apr. 1988, via Trimaris.

The text of the letter is as follows:

I, Kristine Elliott, known in the SCA as Scolastica la souriete, waive the full protection of my registered name "Scolastica la souriete". I grant permission to any future submitter to register a name that is not identical to my registered name. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

The submitted depiction of a drop spindle is markedly different from the SCA norm, which has a wide whorl and a triangular cop (the thread wound around the spindle). Such a depiction is found in the PicDic, and was mentioned as correct in precedent as recently as May 2002 (Rory Daughton, R-Atlantia). However, this is a distinctly modern form, as glaringly non-medieval to the trained eye as a ballpoint pen is glaringly modern to anyone's eye. The characteristics of a medieval drop spindle are: a shaft shaped to a point at each end; a small, beadlike whorl; and a cop that tapers at both ends, resulting in a pointed ovoid shape. The included illustrations show extant early 9th century spindles from the Oseberg ship burial (found in "The Textiles in the Oseberg Ship" by Anne Stine Ingstad, http://www.forest.gen.nz/Medieval/articles/Oseberg/textiles/TEXTILE.HTM ), medieval spindles and whorls found in Greenland (Woven into the Earth: Textiles from Norse Greenland by Else Østergård, Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2004), and a selection of illuminations and paintings showing women spinning with drop spindles:

  • the Fecamp Psalter (Normandy c.1180, The Hague, KB 76 F 13)
  • Legend of St. Joachim: Annunciation to St. Anne (Giotto di Bondone, 1304-06; Cappella Scrovegni a Padova)
  • a Book of Hours (south Netherlands, 1310-20; British Library, Stowe 17 f.34)
  • the Lutrell Psalter (1325-35, British Library, Add. 42130 f.60)
  • De claris mulieribus (G. Boccaccio, early 15c.; British Library, Royal 16 G. V f.56)
  • Roman de la Rose (c.1490, Bodleian Library, Douce 195 Folio 67v)
  • "Woman Spinning and Entertaining a Visitor" (engraving by Israhel van Meckenem the Elder, c1450; from S. Held's Weaving, 2nd ed.)
  • an early 16c. German drawing (from M. Jones: The Secret Middle Ages)
  • Netherlandish Proverbs (P. Brueghel the Elder, 1559)

Also included is an image of arms with "Wharrow Spindles" from John Guillim's Display of Heraldrie (1632, p. 294), courtesy of Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme (who asks that it be mentioned that he is aware of the problem with the current PicDic's depiction of a drop spindle; he will be using the Guillim emblazon in the next edition). The 'wharrow spindle' shown in Guillim is essentially the submitted charge, except it has a hooked end. The submission is depicted without this hook, in keeping with the medieval items and illustrations listed above.


23 Scolastica la souriete (f) - New Blanket Permission To Conflict
Herald of Record: Palotzi Marti
Submitted Name: Cateline de la Mor la Souriete

This name was registered in August 1990, via Trimaris, and changed to an alternate name in Oct. 2006, via the East. The text of the letter is as follows:

I, Kristine Elliott, known in the SCA as Scolastica la souriete, waive the full protection of my registered name "Cateline de la Mor la Souriete". I grant permission to any future submitter to register a name that is not identical to my registered name. I understand that this permission can be withdrawn by written notice to the Laurel Sovereign of Arms, but that conflicting items registered while it is in force will remain registered.

Valentina Barrow24 Valentina Barrow - Resub Device
Herald of Record: Tanzos Istvan

Lozengy argent and vert, on a chief indented purpure three roses Or barbed vert seeded gules.

Her name was registered in Aug. 2006, via the East. Her previous device submission, Per bend sinister argent and purpure, a double rose purpure and argent and a double rose argent and purpure, all barbed vert, was returned on the Jan. 2006 LoD (dated Mar. 12, 2006) for conflict. This is a complete redesign.


Bibliography

Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme and Akagawa Yoshio. A Pictorial Dictionary of Heraldry, as used in the Society for Creative Anachronism, 2nd ed., 1992.

Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. Fourth edition. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1991.

Ó Corraín, Donnchadh and Fidelma Maguire. Irish Names. Lilliput Press, Dublin, 1990.

Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Third edition, Oxford University Press, 1995.

Searle, William George. Onomasticon Anglo-Saxonicum. Georg Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, Hildesheim, 1969.

Withycombe, E.G. The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Third edition. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1979.