Lillia de Vaux
East iLoI dated 22 December 2010
Greetings to the East Kingdom College of Heralds!
This Letter of Decision contains submissions from the October 30, 2010 Internal Letter of Intent. Bolded text indicates info found in the iLoI; additional information and comments are in unbolded text.
Thank you to this month's commenters: Alys Mackyntoich, Gawain of Miskbridge, Lisl Luder (on behalf of Richard fitz Richard Blackmoore), Brunissende Dragonette, Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Reinholdt von Trollenhagen, Aceline Barrett, Yosef Alaric, Jeanne Marie Lacroix, Katerine atte Wyshe de la Rye, and Scolastica la souriete.
Consulting heralds are reminded once again that every element of a name must be documented, with the sources clearly identified and photocopies/printouts provided as detailed in the Rules for Submissions and Administrative Handbook. It is also recommended to use one of the standard sources, like R&W, the articles at http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names.html, or articles and reports at http://www.s-gabriel.org/ whenever possible. These sources are much more reliable than general histories or an encyclopedia, and are less likely to have used modern forms of the names. (In fact, if you use a general history or encyclopedia, we're going to have to try to redocument using a better source.) If you have nothing better than that, you can also post to the ekheralds mailing list to see if anyone there can assist you.
Yours in service,
Lillia de Vaux, Eastern Crown Herald
1: Amy Webbe - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Argent, a spider and on a chief sable three spiders argent
The submitter desires a female name. No major changes. Sound (unspecified) most important. Amy is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Names found in Cam, Gloucestershire, Marriage Registers 1569-1600" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/cam.html), dated 1573. It is also the name of <Amy Rosbart> (1532-60), the first wife of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. Webbe is a byname found in Aryanhwy's article "Names found in the Berkeley Hundred Court Rolls" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/berkeley100.html). The blazon on the forms had the colors reversed. It has been changed to match the emblazon.
The device is clear of Society for Creative Anachronism (badge, 09/1997), Argent, a spider tergiant sable a chief gules, with one CD for the tincture of the chief and another for the addition of tertiary charges on the chief.
2: Anne Gryffyth - New Household Name forwarded & New Badge forwarded
House of the Thistle and Dagger
Argent, two daggers inverted in saltire sable between four thistles in cross proper all within a bordure counter-ermine
Her name was registered in 06/2010 (East). This household name is intended to follow the pattern of inn sign names. Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada, "English Sign Names From 17th Century Tradesman's Tokens" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/Tokens/XandY_unrelated.shtml) documents the pattern of sign names based on two unrelated animals or items. Dagger is attested, as are various plants: Dagger and Magpie, Hand and Holly Bush, Mitre and Rose, Sword and Ball, Tobacco Roll and Hoop, and Wheat Sheaf and Sugar Loaf. Signs based on plants are also documented in Margaret Makafee, "Comparison of Inn/Shop/House names found London 1473-1600 with those found in the ten shires surrounding London in 1636" (http://www.contrib.andrew.cmu.edu/~grm/signs-1485-1636.html), which notes signs based on the fleur de lys, olive, rose, vine, and wheat sheaf. According to Parker's A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry, the thistle appears in the arms of Pembroke College, founded in 1620, and in the arms of Miles Salley, Bp. of Llandaff, 1500-16.
3: Anne Gryffyth - Resub Device forwarded
Vert, a griffin rampant maintaining in its sinister claw a thistle argent, a chief ermine
Her name was registered in 06/2010 (East). Her original device was returned on the 03/2010 East Kingdom Letter of Decision for conflict with Griffin Val Drummond (12/2006, Atenveldt), Per pale purpure and azure, a griffin segreant argent, maintaining in its dexter talon a Morgenstern, and in its sinister talon a targe charged with a tower azure. There was one CD for the field, but nothing for the differences in the maintained charges. A chief has been added to clear that conflict.
The device is clear of Alexander Caithnes of Wyk (07/1985, East), Vert, in pale a hippogriff rampant and a two-horned anvil argent. There is one CD for the change from an anvil to a chief, and another for the change in tincture of the secondary. It is clear of Balthazar fitz Gryphon (08/1997, Middle), Vert chapé ployé, a griffin segreant contourny argent. There is one CD for changing the facing of griffin, and another for the adding the chief. It is clear of Miguel of St. Katherine (12/2003, West), Vert, a griffin argent and a bordure counter-compony sable and argent. There is one CD for changing from a bordure to a chief, and another for changing its tincture. It is clear of Kedivor Tal ap Cadugon (11/2000, Atenveldt), Purpure ermined argent, a griffin segreant argent winged and beaked Or, with one CD for changing the field and another for adding the chief. It is clear of Ulrich von Rothenburg (03/1994, Atlantia), Per bend vert and gules, a griffin segreant argent a bordure ermine, with one CD for the changing the field and another for changing from a bordure to a chief. The device is clear of Ruthven of Rockridge (01/1973), Gules, a hippogriff passant argent, a chief ermine, with one CD for changing the field and another for changing the posture of the primary charge. Lastly, against James ap Llywelyn (07/2003, Atlantia), Azure, a gryphon and a chief argent, there are CDs for the changes in tincture of the field and chief.
4: Ashley Blackmoore - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Ermine, in pale three hearts gules
The name was submitted as Ashley Blackmore. Ashley is a submitter's legal given name, but documentation was not provided. However, the name appears as a surname in the submitted spelling in Bardsley, s.n. Ashley, dated 1617, so the submitter need not rely upon the legal name allowance. The pattern of English surnames being used as given names in the second half of the 16th century and early 17th century is discussed in the introduction of Withycombe. Blackmore is found in Bardsley, s.n. Blackmore, dated 1632. The same spelling is also found in Hitching and Hitching in both 1601 and 1602.
Ashley is a locative byname, according to the entry in Bardsley, and is the header form in Mills and Ekwall. Although earlier forms of the byname (e.g., Asheley) were found prior to 1600, the submitted spelling couldn't be found until the gray period. For example, it is found in 'August 1643: An Ordinance for naming a Committee for the Associated Counties, of Norfolke, Suffolke, Essex, Cambridge, Hertford, and Huntington.', Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-1660 (1911), pp. 242-245 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=55845), dated 1643. This source does not appear to have normalized the spelling of the names.
The submitter corrected the desired spelling of the byname during the commentary period, to use part of her father's registered name, Richard fitz Richard Blackmoore (05/1992, East). The submitted spelling is also found in Hitching & Hitching, 1602, and was found as a common noun in the submitted spelling in a letter to Sir Robert Cecil in 1593: "What I should have performed by my promise to your blackmoore this day I have altered through the necessity of this journey, presuming on your best constructions" ['Cecil Papers: October 1593', Calendar of the Cecil Papers in Hatfield House, Volume 4: 1590-1594 (1892), pp. 381-406 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=111598)]. It is also a place name, found in Mills and Ekwall, s.nn. Blackmoor and Blackmore, but the submitted spelling is not found in either entry. As the submitted spelling is found in period, the submitter does not need to use the grandfather clause.
The device is clear of Elizabeth Æthelwulfes dohtor (05/2007, Atenveldt), Argent, in pale three hearts gules, each charged with a mullet of four points Or, with one CD for changing the field and another for removing the tertiary charges. It is clear of Christina of Adiantum (05/1996, An Tir), Ermine, a lion passant guardant between three hearts gules; Aleyd Czypsser (04/2010, Atenveldt), Ermine, in dexter chief a phoenix gules; Claire de St. Giles (06/1985, Ansteorra), Ermine, in pale three lozenges gules between two flaunches pean; and Medraut Beorhtwig (12/1990, Middle), Ermine, three drakkars in pale gules, all by X.2. It is clear of Christina O Ryan (12/1992, Meridies), Ermine, in bend sinister three hearts azure, with CD for changing the tincture and arrangement of the hearts. It is also clear of Brittany (important non-SCA arms, 12/1994), Ermine, by X.1.
5: Beatrice Buontalenti da Firenze - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Per pall inverted gules, vert, and Or, two doves rising argent and a dove rising gules
Beatrice is the given name of Beatrice Portinari (1266-90), mentioned in Dante's Paradiso and La Vita Nuova after he first met her in 1274 (Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th edn.). Beatrice d'Este (475-97) was painted by Leonardo da Vinci. Buontalenti is the surname of Bernardo Buontalenti (1531-1608), a Florentine stage designer and theatre architect (Encyclopedia Britannica online, http://britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/84851/Bernardo-Buontalenti). da Firenze is a locative, 'from Florence', a major city in Tuscany during the Italian Renaissance and the home of the Medici family. (Documentation not provided.)
Kolosvari Arpadne Julia noted that Beatrice occurs once in Arval Benicoeur's "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/), and twice in Juliana de Luna's "Names in 15th Century Florence and her Dominions: the Condado" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/womensalpha.html). Neither the Catasto (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/family_names.html) nor the Condado (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/familyalpha.html) have the submitted family name, but they both have multiple names in Buon- (e.g. Buoncristi, Buonmandati), along with Talenti (occuring twice in the Catasto, and four times in the Condado), showing that the spelling is plausibly period. Not surprisingly, neither of these Florentine sources has "of Florence" listed as a name element, but the Tratte ("Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532", edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho) has Firenze listed as a surname (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/SURNAM1.html), occuring twice. The pattern given name + family name + locative byname is rare, but attested in the Condado: Girolamo Chanbi da inpoli, Piero Chasconi da Spichio ("Complete Names from Declarations": http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/condado/completenames.html). (Far more common is the pattern given name + patronymic byname + locative byname, e.g., Piera di Giovanni da Monteaghuto.)
6: Elspeth of Shepton Mallet - New Name forwarded & New Device withdrawn
Vert, a bend sinister Or between a squirrel contourny maintaining an acorn proper and eight thimbles in annulo Or
The submitter desires a female name. No major changes. Language/culture (unspecified) most important. Elspeth is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/parishes/parishes.html), as the name of a woman married 1607. Her second choice is Elsebethe, dated 1569 in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada, "Feminine Given Names in the Registers of the Church of St. Mary's, Dymock (Gloucestershire, England: 1538-1600/1)" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/Dymock/dym_women.shtml). Shepton Mallet is the modern spelling of a parish in the UK. The earliest documentation found was attached, UK National Archives, Catalogue Reference SC 8/29/1419B, which was a letter from Elizabeth, Abbess of Syon requesting letters patent from the king, dated 1463-5. The catalog summary is found at http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/catalogue/displaycataloguedetails.asp?CATLN=7&CATID=-4319413&j=1.
The locative appears in the submitted spelling in a letter dated 1537 in 'Henry VIII: January 1537, 1-5', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 12 Part 1: January-May 1537 (1890), pp. 1-16 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=103350). It could not be determined if the names had been normalized in this source, although the overall text certainly had been. 'Somerset', Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516 (2005; http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=40433) states that there were market fairs in Shepton Mallet as early as the 1200s and that the town paid a certain amount in the 1334 Lay Subsidy, but doesn't tell us anything about what the place was called at those times. Mills, Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names, s.n. Shepton mentions that its meaning is glossed 'sheep farm' (from the OE scēap + tūn), and has examples with manorial affixes. <Scheopton Malet> is dated 1228, with the manorial affix of the Malet family.
The locative was found as <Shepton Malet> in records written in Latin, dated 1284-5, 1346, and 1428, in Inquisitions and Assessments Relating to Feudal Aids, with Other Analogous Documents Preserved in the Public Record Office; A.D. 1284-1431: Northhampton to Somerset (http://books.google.com/books?id=LyoMAQAAIAAJ; pp. 294, 349, 365). A 1428 mention of the "Ecclesia de Schepton Malet" was also found in the same source (p. 397). For the spelling of the surname affixed to the village name, Bardsley, s.n. Mallet, gives the spellings <Malet> (1273-1379), <Mallett> (1586), and <Mallet> (1619), so the submitted spelling seems plausible for late-period England.
The device was withdrawn by the submitter.
7: Finán mac Bressail - Resub Name forwarded & Resub Device forwarded
Azure, a goblet argent enflamed Or and a chief invected argent
Language (10th century Irish) most important. Culture (10th century Irish) most important.
This is a resubmission of Finán Ua Celaig, which had been returned for conflict with Finn hua Cellaig (08/2001, Atenveldt) on the East's July Letter of Decision (dated 19 October 2010). Finán is found 28 times in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn, "100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/irish100.html), which contains names extracted from M.A. O'Brien, Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae (Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1976). Bressail is the genitive form of Bressal, and was found 43 times in Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae (ibid.). The construction of a simple patronym using mac 'son' and the father's given name in the genitive case is found in Sharon Krossa, "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names", 3rd edn. (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/#simplepatronymicbyname). This device submission is identical to the one previously returned with the name.
The device is clear of Kathleen Erin-go-burne-the-Bragh (01/1974), Vert, a chalice argent containing flames Or, for CDs for changing the field and adding the chief.
8: Galiana da Montali - New Name forwarded
The submitter desires a female name. No major changes. Client requests authenticity for 14th century Italy. Language (14th century Italian) most important. Culture (14th century Italian) most important. Galiana is found twice in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Italian names from Imola, 1312" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/imolafemalph.html). da Montali is based on the statement, "[t]he records are arranged via contrata, which appears to correspond to a region of the city or the surrounding lands under the control or ownership of a certain family. I have listed the contrata (in Latin genitive case) where each name is found." The contrata names Montalis and Montalis Superioris (genitive form for both), which appear 64 times in just the list of women's names.
Although evidence for the use of contrata as surnames was not found, we are giving the submitter the benefit of the doubt that they could be used in locative bynames.
9: Grim the Skald - New Name forwarded & New Device returned
Or, on a saltire gules a Norse sun cross argent
The submitter desires a male name. Language/culture (unspecified) most important. Grim 'grim' or 'fierce' is noted as being a common name in the Norse Sagas. For example, it is the name of Njal's second son, the name of Egil's father (with the nickname 'bald' or 'skalla'), and one of Egil's grandsons. The submitter noted that "The most accurate way of rendering it in English would probably be 'Grímr,' I choose to normalize it for simplicity's sake. If you wish to only register it in the above fashion I accept the emendation." Documentation was not provided for the byname. The references provided were the following: http://www.fullbooks.com/Njal-s-Saga2.html, http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/egil/egil02.htm, http://www.sacred-texts.com/neu/egil/egil90.htm.
Grímr is a masculine given name found in Geir Bassi (p. 10), which indicates that it was found 32 times in the Landnámabók. Skáld- 'skald, poet' is a prefixed nickname appearing five times (ibid., p. 27). Additional names using skáld- or -skáld are <jarlsskáld> 'skald of earls', <Kolbrúnarskáld> 'skald with black eyebrows, <skáldaspillir> 'skald-dispoiler, plagiarist', and <vandræðiskáld< 'difficult skald' (ibid., pp. 24, 27, and 29). A fully "Old Norse" form of the name would be Skáld-Grímr but it was thought that Grim the Skald would be a likely Anglicized form of the name. The submitted spelling Grim appears in R&W, s.n. Grime, with instances as a given name in 1066 and 1175, and as a byname dated 1066, 1170, and 1183. The entry also notes that the name is from the ON Grímr, ODa, OSw Grim.
The device is returned for conflict with Donal macRuiseart (10/1976), Or, on a saltire gules four anchors Or, with one CD for the change in type and number of tertiary charges. The device is clear, however, of Bruce, former royal house of Scotland (important non-SCA arms, 12/1994), Or, A saltire and a chief gules, with a CD for removing the chief and another for adding a tertiary charge. It is also clear of Rosamund Kilpatrick (An Tir, 10/2003), Or, a saltire gules and overall a cross engrailed vert, with CDs for removing the overall charge and for adding a tertiary charge.
10: Gryffyd ap Rhys - New Name forward & New Device returned
Per chevron throughout argent and gules, two roses slipped and leaved proper and a lion argent
The submitter desires a male name. No major changes. Language (Welsh) most important. Culture (Welsh) most important. Both elements and the name pattern <given name> ap <father's name that starts with a consonant> are found in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/welsh13.html). The names in this article are from the Merioneth Lay Subsidy Roll, 1292-3.
Elmet noted that the cited article states that Rhys is the standardized form of the patronym, with the forms <Reis>, <Reys>, and <Res> found in the medieval records. However, the submitted spelling is found later, as in <Lewis ap Rhys>, dated 1502 in Bardsley, s.n. Lewis. Elmet noted a possible conflict: Gruffydd ap Rhys (d. 1137) was Prince of Deheubarth, Wales (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deheubarth). He fought in a rebellion against the Normans and won at least one significant victory (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gruffydd_ap_Rhys). As he does not appear in Encyclopedia Britannica, and he ruled over only part of a petty kingdom (the rest having been conquered by the Normans), it is not considered likely that his name is important enough to protect.
The device was conflict checked as a pile throughout (the submitted blazon) and as a per chevron field. This lovely device is unfortunately returned for conflict with Anna Donnelly (05/2001, Middle), Per chevron argent and gules, two roses and a unicorn's head couped counterchanged. There is a CD for changing the type of the bottommost charge. There is no difference given for the slipping and leaving of the roses.
11: Hadrian's Keep, Shire of - New Branch Name returned & New Device returned
Per fess embattled purpure and Or, a decresent and a laurel wreath counterchanged
No major changes. Hadrian was Emperor of Rome 117-138 AD (born 76 AD, died 138 AD), and the builder of Hadrian's Wall in Britain. (Documentation not included.) Keep is a valid designator, according to http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/precedents/CompiledNamePrecedents/Designations.html#Keep. However, this submission has several major problems: The above precedent site states that Keep is a valid household designator. That is not support for this in a branch name. Nor is there support for the pattern <person's name> + <Keep>. Secondly, Keep was previously an SCA-compatible designator, meaning that as of May 2009, it is not registerable without documentation that it was used in similar fashion in period (see the 05/2008 Cover Letter). The only registration that has gone through since then followed the pattern <placename> + <surname> (i.e., Keep was a surname). This submission does not follow that pattern. A combined petition for the name and device was signed by the Seneschal, Herald, Mistress of Arts and Sciences, Archery Marshal, Exchequer, and Knight Marshal. The petition was not dated, either individually by each officer signing, or in its entirely. As such, it does not comply with the requirements set out in the Admin Handbook.
The name is returned for the aforementioned problems. As kingdom cannot create a holding name, the device must be returned as well.
12: Isobel of Werchesope - New Name forwarded & New Device returned
Gules, three New World pineapples, one and two Or, and three points argent
The name was submitted as Isobel of Wechesope. The submitter desires a female name. Language/culture (unspecified) most important. Isobel is dated 1548 in Academy of Saint Gabriel report no. 2949 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/2949). This instance appears to have been pulled from Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames", s.n. Isabel (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html). Werchesope is a place name purportedly from the Domesday book, where it had the original spelling of Worksop. It is a town on the edge of Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire, England (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worksop). The consulting herald noted that the town existed prior to the Norman conquest of England (1066), citing the Domesday book: "In Werchesope, (Worksop) Elsi (son of Caschin) had three carucates of land to be taxed..."
The spelling of the byname was corrected to match the available documentation. The consulting herald confirmed that the name had been entered incorrectly on the submission form.
The use of three points is not registerable, so the device will be returned:
We are returning the device because it uses three points. There is no period example of three points in heraldry, and according to books on heraldry the sinister and dexter points should not appear in the same coat of arms. For these reasons, Laurel precedent prohbits the use of three points in SCA heraldry (LoAR 4/92, page 10).
If the submitter still wishes to use the pineapples upon resubmission, their use is a step from period practice because they are a New World plant not known in European heraldry.
13: Ivan Sergeevich Scherbatskoy - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Azure, a ram's head couped checky argent and gules, in base a shamshir fesswise argent
The name was submitted as Ivan Sergeavich Scherbatskoy. The submitter desires a male name. Language/culture (unspecified) most important. Ivan is a diminutive of Ioann. The Encyclopedia Britannica (11th edn.) cites, among others, Ivan IV "The Terrible" (1530-84). Sergeavich was intended to mean 'son of Sergei', purportedly found in Wickenden. Sergei, father superior of Nikolaevski Ostrovskii monastery from 1456-71, with other examples in additional spellings. Scherbatskoy is the submitter's legal surname. A copy of his driver's license was included.
Ivan is dated to 1181-2 in Wickenden (3rd ed.) s.n. Ioann, which states that the name is "[t]he Russianization of John ('God is gracious') and one of the most common given names. Both the older form (Ioann) and the newer (Ivan) are common in period." The spelling of the patronym was changed to match the available documentation, as Wickenden includes <'Sergeevich> (1578) and <Sergeevich'> (15th century). Kolosvari Arpadne Julia thought that Scherbatskoy is related to Shcherbatoi, a header in Wickenden glossed as 'pock-marked'. Examples of that name are <Olferko Shcherbatoi> (c. 1495) and <Ivan Mikhailov syn Shcherbatov> (1594-7).
14: Jenna Childersley - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Per chevron inverted purpure and vert, in chief a winged human head and in base three arrows palewise inverted argent
Jenna is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html), s.n. Jennet. The article gives the forms Jennet, Jenneta (Latinized), Jenne, and Jenny. In the same article, s.n. Jane, the forms Jana (Latinized), Jania (Latinized), and Janne are found. Aryanhwy's article "Names found in Frocester, Gloucestershire Marriage Registers 1559-1600" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/frocester.html), s.n. Joan, Janna is dated 1578. Based on these examples, the submitter believes that Jenna is a plausible variant. If the College deems Jenna to be unregisterable, the submitter prefers Jennet, documended 133 times between 1538 and 1618 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/jennet.html). Childersley is found in Aryanhwy's article "Index of Names in the 1582 Subsidy Roll of London" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/engsurlondon1582a-m.html).
The device was redrawn to correct the depiction of the per chevron inverted field, but was pended to allow the submitter time to approve it. The submitter has since approved the art, so it is being forwarded.
15: Kalisfena Greenwood - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Vert, a dragon displayed and on a chief argent three mullets of six points azure
Kalisfena 'of good strength' is a feminine given name and the name of a 14th century saint found in Wickenden (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/ka.html). Greenwood is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Names in the 1582 Subsidy Roll of London" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/engsurlondon1582a-m.html). In addition, it is the registered surname of her husband; a letter attesting the relationship has been included with the documentation. Russian can be combined with Elizabethan English with one step from period practice [Tatiana Todhunter, 03/1993].
The use of a dragon displayed is a step from period practice. The device is clear of Antonio Giordano da Firenze (02/2002, West), Vert, a dragon segreant and on a chief argent three crosses formy gules and Darerca Wilric (11/1990, East), Vert, a wyvern passant to sinister and on a chief argent three towers vert. Both have one CD for the posture of the monster and another for the change in type and tincture of the tertiaries. It is also clear Achbar ibn Ali (07/1991, Atlantia), Vert, a dragon statant erect affronty, wings displayed argent, pierced through the chest with a sword sable within a bordure engrailed argent, with a CD for changing the bordure to a chief and another for the addition of tertiary charges.
16: Katerine atte Wyshe de la Rye - New Alternate Name forwarded
The submitter desires a female name. No changes. Her current primary name, Catherine de Sant Martí, was registered 06/2010. A name change to Katerine atte Wyshe de la Rye was on the East's 08/31/2010 External Letter of Intent (http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=14310). Sugawara is a uji/clan name (reference year 845) found in NCMJ (rev. ed.), p. 396. Isoko is a feminine given name (year 1183) found on p. 242 (ibid.).
17: Kathryn Perry - New Name Change forwarded & New Device Change forwarded
Azure, three pears Or
Old Item: Kathryn of Oldenburg, to be released. Old Item: Per fess gules and Or, a sun Or and a falcon displayed sable, to be released. The submitter desires a female name. Sound (unspecified) most important. Kathryn is a feminine given name based on Kathrin, dated 1608 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html), s.n. Katherine, as well as on the general interchangeability of i and y in later-period English, as demonstrated by <Katherin/Katheryn>, <Katherine/Katheryne>, <Catherine/Catheryne>, etc. (ibid.). The name is also grandfathered to the submitter. Perry is dated 1602 on p. lxviii of Hitching and Hitching. The book also includes <Perrye> (1601, p. liv), and <Pery, Perrie, and Perrye> (1602, p. lxviii). Note that the device forms got wet in the mail. Identifiability has not been adversely impacted.
18: Lisette la Vinhala de Cotignac - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Per pale argent and purpure, two bunches of grapes counterchanged
The submitter desires a female name. Language/culture (unspecified) most important. Lisette is dated 1528 in Talan Gwynek, "Late Period Feminine Names from the South of France" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/latefrenchfem.html). la Vinhala 'vine keeper' is an occupational byname dated 1514 (ibid.). de Cotignac is a locative byname based on a town in the Var region of France. Examples are Guiaume de Cotignac (1180-1245) and the troubadour Arnaud de Cotgnac [sic] (1260), according to http://www.beyond.fr/villages/cotignac.html. The name is clear of Lisette la Vinhala, registered 12/2002 via Ansteorra, for adding an element.
A mention of "le sieur de Cotignac" is found in the 1608 Histoire Generale De Venise: Depvis La Fondation De La Ville, iusques la present : Extraicte tant de plusieurs Autheurs, que Memoires Latins, François, & Italiens, Volume 2 (http://books.google.com/books?id=4OE_AAAAcAAJ, p. 728).
19: Lysken die Waeyer - Resub Device returned
Vert fretty argent, on a chief argent three pommes
Her name was registered on the 04/2010 LOAR, via the East. Her original device submission, Vert fretty argent, was returned on the 07/2010 East Kingdom Letter of Decision for multiple conflicts:
This device is returned for multiple conflicts. Consulting heralds and submitters are reminded that there is no difference granted between fretty and a fret because they were interchangeable in period; fretty is a single charge, not a field treatment like a semy. Against Kiena Munro's badge (03/1998, Outlands), Vert fretty argent, a butterfly Or, there is only a single CD for the removal of the overall charge [see Ellen of York, 10/2003, R-Atlantia]. The device conflicts with that of Thomas Archer (05/1984, Caid), Vert, freety argent, a pale vert, fimbriated argent, for the same reasons. Lastly, it conflicts with the device of Meredudd Brangwyn (04/1997, Ansteorra), Per salire gules and pean, a fret argent, with only a single CD for changing the field. It was thought that this device did not conflict with that of Volodar Ivanovic (04/1999, An Tir), Per fess gules fretty argent and sable because there was a CD for the changes to the field, and another for the unforced move of Volodar's fret to chief [see Anéžka z Rožmitála, 11/2001, A-Ansteorra].
A chief and tertiaries were added to clear these conflicts.
Unfortunately, this device now conflicts with Berelindis filia Cunowulfi (04/2006, East), Vert fretty, on a chief argent three cauldrons sable, as there is only one CD for the changes to the tertiaries. Permission to conflict could not be obtained before this letter was issued.
20: Mabbe atte Eye - New Name forwarded
Mabbe is found in Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html), s.n. Mabel, dated 1293. atte is a common preposition (not documented). Eye is found in Frederic Badger, "A Collection of 613 English Borough Names for Use in Locative Bynames" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/badger/placenames.html), dated 1086. The latter article states that it uses modern spellings, and that Ekwall and Roome should be checked for period spellings.
The place name is found in Mills, s.n. Eye, which states that it is shared by towns in Cambridgeshire, Herefordshire & Worcestershire, and Suffolk. Period spellings found in this entry are <Ege> (10th century) and <Eia>. (1086 and c. 1175). Bardsley, s.n. Ey, includes atte Eye, dated temp. Edward III (1327-1377).
21: Marguerite inghean Lachlainn - Resub Device returned
Vert, on a bend argent three mushrooms palewise azure
Her name and a badge were registered on the 06/2010 LOAR (East). Her original device submission, Vert, on a bend sinister argent three mushrooms palewise azure, was returned on the East's 12/2009 Letter of Decision for conflict with the device of Leslie the Brown (06/1986, Ansteorra), Vert, on a bend sinister argent a Hermit Thrush close proper. [Hylocichla guttata].
Unfortunately, Eastern Crown was asleep when she conflict checked this device. This submission conflicts with Olaf the Maedi-Ogre (03/1975), Vert, on a bend argent a battle-axe gules, and Annalind Airamid the Healer (01/1980, Caid). Vert, on a bend argent a caduceus palewise vert between a sprig of white willow [Salix alba] and a foxglove slipped and leaved [Digitalis purpurea] palewise proper, with but a CD for the changes to the tertiaries.
22: Marieke van de Dal - New Augmentation of Arms forwarded
Sable, on a bend argent a bendlet voided azure, thereon five beech leaves palewise vert, for augmentation in sinister chief on an escutcheon Or, on a pile between two roses purpure an Eastern crown Or
Her name and device were registered 05/1981 via the East. The augmentation of arms was granted by Andreas II and Isabella II in 11/2002, and was designed by Duchess Isabella. The submitter has been a duchess since 2000 (see http://op.eastkingdom.org/Awards/Ducal.html). The submission form notes that the old device is not released.
23: Matteo Ragni da Verona - New Name forwarded & New Device returned
Argent, a pall azure between a pomme and two spiders sable
The submitter desires a male name. Language (Italian) most important. Matteo is found as a given name with 2609 instances in David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, Anthony Molho, and Roberto Barducci (eds.), "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532" (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/TLNAME1.html). Ragni is found as a family name with 4 instances (ibid.; http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/TLSURNAM1.html). Verona is a place name (ibid.; http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/NORIGINS.html). da is the preposition used to form an Italian locative byname [Lucrezia Sarta da Napoli, 12/2004, Trimaris].
This device conflicts with Bróccín mac Gille Críst (11/2003, Meridies), Argent, a pall azure between three crosses flory fitchy sable, with only one CD for the change in type of the secondary changes. Permission to conflict was not received before this letter was issued.
24: Michael Christian Longstryde - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Per fess vert and argent, two axes addorsed in saltire and a turtle counterchanged
The name was submitted as Michael Longstryder. The submitter desires a male name. No major changes. Language/culture (unspecified) most important. Meaning (unspecified) most important. Michael is found in Talan Gwynek, "Given Names from Early 13th Century England" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng13/eng13m.html). Longstryder is intended as a constructed byname following the pattern of names such as <Liftfot> ('left foot', 1284), <Baresanke> ('bare legged', 1221), <Courtpe> ('short footed', 1393), <Langstirap> ('long stirrup', 1183), <Longerbayne> ('long bone', 1296), all found in Jeanne Marie Lacroix, "Misplaced" Names in Reaney & Wilson" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/misplacednamesbyname.htm).
The submitted name conflicted with Michael Longstride (07/1983, West). The submitter was contacted and indicated that his second choice was Michael Christian Longstryder. The given name is also found in the submitted spelling in Bardsley, s.n. Michael, dated 1379. Christian is a header form in Withycombe, where it is described as being used as a male given name from about 1200, but uncommon in England. The entry for Christian(a), states that the feminine given name in the submitted spelling is found from the end of the 12th century, and was more common than Christina, and that the submitted spelling was common in the 17th C. R&W, s.n. Christian, has <Christianus> (1201), <Thomas filius Christian> (1228), and <Robert Chrestien> (1163-9). It's found as a surname (in the submitted spelling) dated 1605 in Julie Kahen, "Surnames in Durham and Northumberland, 1521-1615" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juetta/parish/surnames_c.html). Bardsley, s.n. Christian also has it as a surname in the submitted spelling, dated 1591. The intro of R&W ("Heredity of Surnames: Yorkshire Names") gives examples of double bynames: William Willson Johanson, Benedict Willeson Johnson, William Robynson Hudson, all apparently from 1379, and John Dyson de Langeside, c. 1369. Note that these aren't exactly applicable to the submitter, as these are mostly marked matronyms or patronyms.
Commenters thought that the descriptive byname Longstryder did not fit the pattern of the cited examples, and that Longstryde or Longstride would be more appropriate. Elmet noted that a similar constructed byname, <Longpas> 'long step', could be formed from the element Long- (from the above examples) and -pas 'step' from <Petipas> 'little step' (1273) and <Jolypas> 'merry step' (temp. Richard II, 1377-99), found in Bardsley, s.nn. Petipas and Jollypace. A possible closer example is Ambeler, which R&W (s.n. Ambler) state could mean 'keeper of the stable', or it could be either a nickname for someone with an ambling gait or for a fuller (from the occupational byname Walker 'fuller'). An example is <John Ambeler>, dated 1440. Another possibility is Stepper, dated 1408 in 'Close Rolls, Henry IV: June 1408', Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry IV: volume 3: 1405-1409 (1931), pp. 393-397 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=102464). A "John Brymley alias Stepper" is found in 'Henry VIII: November 1538 26-30', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 13 Part 2: August-December 1538 (1893), pp. 378-409 (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=75809). Other examples of bynames derived from one's gait or step are <Stepesoft> 'step soft' (1260); <Lyghtfot>(1296), <Lyghtefote> (1274?), and <Litefot> (1274) 'light foot'; <Stride> (1642) and <atte Stryd> (1296) 'stride, pace'; and <Bonpas> (1175) and <Bompase> (1616) 'good pace' (R&W, s.nn. Steptoe, Lightfoot, Stride, and Bompas). Although we had two possible examples of similar bynames ending in -er, the vast majority of descriptive bynames use the pattern adjective + noun, where the noun is something like a body part or action, not the one performing the action. Bynames ending in -er tended to be occupational, such as the aforementioned Walker. As such, the name has been changed accordingly.
25: Morgaine de Beaumont - Resub Device forwarded
Argent, a cross of four ermine spots within a double tressure azure
Her name is on the East Kingdom 08/21/2010 External Letter of Intent. Her original device submission, Argent, a cross of ermine spots azure was returned on the East Kingdom 07/2010 Letter of Decision for conflict with Siobhan nig Fhloinn ui Donnabhain (07/2000, Ansteorra), (Fieldless) A cross of ermine spots azure, and Marisa Symmes of Berewyk (10/2006, Gleann Abhann), Argent, a cross of ermine spots and a tierce azure. The double tressure was added to clear the conflicts.
A possible conflict was noted: Costança Daguiar (05/2002, Atlantia), Argent, a cross of Calatrava and a double tressure azure. There needs to be X.2 difference between the types of cross to clear this submission. This has not yet been ruled upon.
26: Rafael de Ayala de Santiago - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Gules, a sea-bull argent and a bordure argent semy of barnacles gules
The name was submitted as Rafael de Ayala de Santiago de Compostela. The submitter desires a male name. Language/culture (unspecified) most important. Rafael is the Spanish form of Raphael, named after the angel. An example is Raphael Santi (Raffaello Santi), an Italian artist who lived 1483-1520, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica (11th edn.). de Ayala is a surname that appears once, dated 1540, from Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Late-Period Spanish Men's Names from Seville" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/spanish/silversmiths.html). de Santiago de Compostela is a locative byname. The town is on the western coast of Spain, and has been a major pilgrimage site since the middle ages (Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed.). The full name of the town Santiago de Compostela is not registerable by precedent:
No documentation was presented, nor could the College of Arms find any, that de Santiago de Compostela was used in a locative byname. Previous precedent states:This name is returned because no documentation can be found for the name de Compostela. People from Santiago de Compostela were known as de Santiago. [Livia Teresa de Compostela, 09/99, R-Atlantia]
Lacking documentation that compound forms of placenames like Santiago de Compostela were used in locative bynames, this cannot be registered. [Beatriz de Santiago de Compostela, Caid-R, 01/2002]
Rafael is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Portuguese Masculine Names from Lisbon, 1565" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/portuguese/masc1565.html), and <Rafaell> is dated 1534 in Juliana de Luna, "Portuguese Names from the 16th Century" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portugal16/portugal16data.html#list). de Ayala is also found in Juliana de Luna, "Spanish Names from the Late 15th Century" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/locative.html). This article also includes the locatives <de Castro de Oro de Espanoche>, <de Castro de Oro>, and <de Olea de Reynoso>; but commenters were not sure if these were instances of multiple locatives or just compound locatives. The submitter agreed to drop de Compostela. Spanish and Portuguese can be combined without a step from period practice [Lianor de Najera, 02/2009, A-An Tir].
The device is clear of Kieran Storn (01/1990, Meridies), Gules, a seabull rampant argent, tail nowed Or, with one CD for adding the bordure and another for adding the tertiary charges.
27: Robert of Werchesope - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Per bend Or and vert, a sheaf of six arrows inverted bendwise sinister counterchanged
The submitter desires a male name. Language/culture (unspecified) most important. Robert is a masculine Norman-English given name. Examples provided were Robert le Fort, Count of Anjou and of Blois (d. 866), and Duke Robert I (d. 1035), the father of William the Conqueror. It was also the name of William's eldest son (Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th edn.). Werchesop is a place name purportedly from the Domesday book, where it had the original spelling of Worksop. It is a town on the edge of Sherwood Forest in Nottinghamshire, England (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worksop). The consulting herald noted that the town existed prior to the Norman conquest of England (1066), citing the Domesday book: "In Werchesope, (Worksop) Elsi (son of Caschin) had three carucates of land to be taxed..." The original submission used yellow highlighter. As this does not scan (it shows up as argent), new color copies were made with the submitter's knowledge.
Robert is found first dated 1331 in Julian Goodwyn, "English Names found in Brass Enscriptions" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/brasses/men.html). The forms <Rob'> and <Robertus> are found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Index of Names in the 1292 Subsidy Roll of London" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/london1292.html), the latter being the Latinized form. The submitted spelling also appears in R&W, s.n. Robert, dated 1086 and 1292, the latter being a byname. Mills, s.n. Worksop provides the submitted spelling of the locative, dated 1086.
28: Úlfr Steinsson - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Paly argent and azure, a wolf courant and a bordure sable semy of mullets of six points argent
Úlfr is a masculine given name found in Geirr Bassi, p. 15. Steinn is a masculine given name found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Viking Names found in Landnámabók" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/norse/landnamabok.html), with a count of 14. The formation of the patronymic byname is based on the pattern found in Geirr Bassi (p. 17), -nn > -ns: Sveinn > Sveinsson.
The device was redrawn with the submitter's permission to make the posture identifiable, but was pended to allow the submitter time to approve it. The submitter has since approved the art, so it is being forwarded.
[Bardsley] Bardsley, Charles. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames.
[Ekwall] Ekwall, Eilert. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names.
[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name.
[Hitching & Hitching] F. K. & S. Hitching, References to English Surnames in 1601 and 1602.
[Mills] Mills, A. D. A Dictionary of English Place-Names.
[NCMJ] Solveig Throndardottir. Name Construction in Mediaeval Japan.
[Parker] Parker, James. A Glossary of Terms used in Heraldry.
[R&W] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. 3rd edn.
[Wickenden] Paul Wickenden of Thanet, A Dictionary of Period Russian Names. 2nd edn.
[Withycombe] Withycombe, E.G. Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names.