[SEAL]

Alys Mackyntoich
eastern.crown@eastkingdom.org

17 February 2014

Unto to the East Kingdom College of Heralds, upon the feast day of Saint Firmanus, greetings and every good thing! Here is the Letter of Decisions for the Internal Letter of Intent issued on January 2, 2014. The original text from the iLoI is bolded, and is followed by my comments in unbolded text.

Thank you to the following commenters: Abdullah ibn Harun, Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Schwarzdrachen), Brenna Lowri o Ruthin, Brunissende Dragonette, Caoimhin McKee, ffride wlffsdotter (Goutte d'Eau), Gawain of Miskbridge (Green Anchor), Gunnvor silfraharr (Orle), Isabella Delfino (Sable Trident), Jeanne Marie Lacroix (Noir Licorne), Kenric Št Essex (HRM East), Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Magnus von Lübeck, Michel von Schiltach, Palotzi Marta, Rohese de Dinan (Shadowdale), Simeon ben Iucef de Alcacar, Tanczos Istvan (Non Scripta), Togashi Kihō and Yehuda ben Moshe (Elmet).

Always your servant,
Alys Mackyntoich
Eastern Crown Herald


1: Ælfric fitz Hugh - New Name Forwarded

Ælfric appears as a male name dated to 901 and 931 in "The Names of Testators in the Cartularium Saxonicum Malmesburiensem" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/malmesbury-oe.html). The submitted spelling is also found in an English-language list of tenants from 12th cen. Canterbury. See Cecily Clark, People and Languages in Post-Conquest Canterbury pp. 185-86 (copy provided). The Liber Vitae also has a 12th century list of names that includes the spelling Ælfricus. See C. Clark. British Library Additional MS. 40,000, ff 1v-12r. op. cit., pp. 301-06 (copy provided).

Even if the name is treated as Middle English, the submitted spelling should be acceptable. Precedent states: "Old English names spelled with Æ are usually found in Middle English using A, Ai, E, Ei, or sometimes Æ." [Gwenhwyvar filia Aelfric, 11/2004 LoAR, A-Artemisia]

fitz Hugh - the pattern [fitz] + [father's name] for marked patronymics is found in Appendix A of SENA for Middle and Early Modern English names.

Hugh is a male given name found in the MED s.n. bourer dated to 1218. The submitted spelling also appears in R&W s.n. Hugh dated to 1279.

Old English and Middle English can be combined under SENA. [Mahtildis Cyppesdohter, 07/2012 LoAR, A-Atenveldt].

There is evidence in the Fine Rolls of Henry III as well as in the Introduction to Reaney & Wilson that some Anglo-Saxon dithemic names survived the Conquest. Commenters found specific examples of the byname fitz Hugh in the Domesday Book and in a petition dated to 1275-1310.


2: Alyse de Chimay - New Name Forwarded

Alyse -- Alise is a female given name found in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyAG.html) s.n. Alice dated to 1273. The letters i and y were used interchangeably in Middle and Early Modern English, so Alyse is a plausible variant spelling.

de Chimay is found in "DRAFT: Bynames in Medieval France (Nov. 2013)" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/frenchbynames.pdf) at p. 53 dated to 1323 in Picardy.

English and French can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.

The specific spelling Alyse is dated to 1589 and 1592 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html).

The entire name also can be grey-period French: Alyse appears as a female name at p. 750 of "Recherche des antiquitez et nobelesse de Flandre" by Philippe de L'Espinoy (http://books.google.com/books?id=adZDAAAAcAAJ), published in 1631, and de Chimay appears as a locative byname at p. 299 of "Annales de la province et comté d'Haynau" by Francois Vinchant (http://books.google.com/books?id=FmKk_y0EJs0C) published in 1648.


3: Belina la Cousturiere - New Device Returned

Gules, a cat rampant maintaining a bow and arrow and in chief two fleurs-de-lys Or.

Unfortunately, this device must be returned for conflict and presumption issues. The bow and arrow are maintained and do not count for conflict checks. In addition, a lion and domestic cat are not different for conflicts purposes Thus, this device conflicts with and/or presumes upon: (1) Bulgaria (Dec. 1994, Laurel): Gules, a lion rampant crowned Or, with only one DC for the addition of secondary charges; (2) United Provinces (Dec. 1994, Laurel): Gules, a lion rampant crowned Or maintaining a sword proper and a sheaf of seven arrows inverted argent tipped Or, again with only a single DC for the addition of secondary charges; and (3) Catriona nicChlurain (Feb. 2009, Caid): Gules, a domestic cat rampant guardant Or, maintaining in its dexter forepaw a cross formed of six white-based opals proper, again with only a single DC for the addition of secondary charges. As two of these conflicts are with real world countries, there is no option for obtaining permission to conflict.


4: Caleb Patrasso - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Or, a dragon passant to sinister purpure and a base azure.

Caleb is the submitter's legal given name, as attested to by a letter from his parents (he is under 18), witnessed by Alys Eastern Crown and Charitye Diademe.

Patrasso -- The submitter is the legal son of Antonio Patrasso, which was registered in December 2007 (via the East). The requisite letter attesting to the relationship has been provided.

The combination of a legal given name and an element documented through the Grandfather Clause permits the submitter to combine English and Italian.

Commenters documented Caleb as a given name in both English and German. Withycombe s.n. Caleb dates this given name to 1585. In addition, Caleb appears in German in the Family Search Historical Records:

Caleb Sailer; Male; Marriage; 10 Sep 1570; Ulm, Württemberg, Germany; Batch: M91503-4
Caleb Storm; Male; Marriage; 19 Sep 1585; Stadtpfarrei Evangelisch, Darmstadt, Starkenburg, Hesse-Darmstadt; Batch: M93199-1
The dragon in Caleb's device is clearly passant to sinister; I have fixed the typo in the blazon.


5: Chintalan Rusa - New Name Forwarded

Chintalan is a byname meaning "unruly, restless, unrestrained, naughty" dated in this spelling to 1406, 1469, 1503, 1522, 1549 and 1594 s.n. Csintalan in Kázmér Miklós: Régi Magyar családnevek szótára (Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság, Budepest, 1993).

Rusa is a feminine given name dated in this spelling to 1255, 1276 and 1293 s.n. Rosa in Fehértói Katalin: Árpád-kori személynévtár (Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 2004). Rusa is also found as an unmarked byname, probably of matronymic origin, in Kázmér s.n. Rózsa, dated to 1410 and later.

According to Appendix A, the patttern [byname] + [given name] is found in vernacular Hungarian. Both of these elements appear to be vernacular forms.


6: Christine Violet - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Argent, a brown mouse proper passant and a bordure purpure.

Christine is a female given name found in "English Names found in Brass Enscriptions" by Julian Goodwyn (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/brasses/women.html) dated to 1390.

Violet -- Vyolet appears as a surname in Bardsley p. 784 s.n. Violett dated to the reign of Edward IV (1461-1470). Period English spelling used i and y interchangeably.

The requested spelling of the byname can be found in late period English via the Family Search Historical Records:

Richard Violet; Male; Christening; 07 Dec 1595; Linstead, Kent, England; Batch: C04299-5
Michaell Violet; Male; Marriage; 10 Oct 1563; East Meon, Hampshire, England; Batch: M14517-1
The given name also can be dated to the 16th century, making this an excellent 16th century English name:
Christine Miller; Female; Christening; 01 Sep 1576; Powerstock with West Milton, Dorset, England; Batch: P00299-1
Christine Balamont; Female; Christening; 21 May 1581; Crediton, Devon, England; Batch: C05074-1
I have smoothed out the language of the blazon somewhat.


7: Courtney Rose - New Name Forwarded and New Device Returned

Ermine, a mermaid in her vanity proper crined gules and on a chief gules four roses argent.

Courtney is the submitter's legal given name, as attested in a letter from her parents and witnessed by Alys Eastern Crown and Charitye Diademe. Courtney also appears as an English given name (albeit a male name) in the grey period in the Family Search Historical Records:

Courtney Pole; Male; Christening; 17 Feb 1619; Colyton, Devon, England; Batch: P00185-1
Rose is a 16th cen. English surname found in the Family Search Historical Records:
Margret Rose; Female; Christening; 18 Oct 1587; Bluntisham, Huntingdon, England; Batch: C16854-1
Robert Rose; Male; Christening; 25 Mar 1579; Chellaston, Derby, England; Batch: C06127-4
Unfortunately, this device must be returned under the following precedent: "A melusine proper cannot be placed on argent as human flesh was sometimes depicted as argent in period." [Brigid ingen Loingsigh. June 1998, R-Middle] There is no effective difference for contrast purposes between ermine and argent. The submitter is planning to resubmit with an erminois field as suggested by commenters.


8: Devillin MacPherson - New Name Change Forwarded

Old Item: Sean MacPherson, to be retained as an alternate name.

Devillin is a late 16th cen. English surname found in the Family Search Historical Records:

John Devillin; Male; Christening; Oct 1565; Saint Margaret, Westminster, London, England; Batch: P00160-1
By precedent, it can be used as given name. [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East].

MacPherson is grandfathered to the submitter. Regardless of whether this byname is Scots or Anglicized Irish, it can be combined with an English given name under Appendix C of SENA.


9: Diego Miguel Munoz de Castilla - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) On an escallop argent a pelican in its piety sable.

The submitter was inducted into the Order of the Pelican by the Crown of the East on September 7, 2013 and thus is entitled to bear a Pelican on his armory.


10: East, Kingdom of the - New Heraldic Title Forwarded

Hyrondelle Herault

This title is intended for use by the position of Francophone heraldic liaison, a Deputy of the Brigantia Herald.

Hyrondelle -- hirondelle is the French word for the swallow bird, a common heraldic charge. The spelling hyrondelle is dated to 1546 in Rabelais's Tiers Livre (http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/hirondelle).

The pattern of creating heraldic titles based on heraldic charges is found in French, according to "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance: Overview" by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/heraldic_titles_by_type.shtml#FRENCH_CHARGES).

Herault is one of the French forms of the term herald found in "Heraldic Titles from the Middle Ages and Renaissance: Overview," by Juliana de Luna (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/HeraldicTitles/).

The cited source for hyrondelle states: "Étymol. et Hist. 1546 hyrondelle (Rabelais, Tiers Livre, chapitre 49, éd. M. A. Screech, p. 330)," which translates as "Etymology and History: spelled 'hyrondelle' in 1546 in Rabelais' Tiers Livre."


11: Elle Pepperell - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Argent, a chevron rompu sable between two roses and a dragonfly inverted gules.

Both elements are from the Family Search Historical Records for England:

Elle Shingleton; Female; Marriage; 1585; Saint Mary, Prescot, Lancashire, England; Batch: M00598-1
Anne Pepperell; Female; Christening; 23 Jan 1596; Crediton, Devon, England; Batch: C05074-1
There was some question as to whether the chevron rompu was correctly drawn. However, Parker shows a chevron rompu drawn precisely as in this device.

In addition, while inverted animate charges generally are not permitted, there are certain exceptions to this rule, such as for charges that are tergiant. [See, e.g., Fracesca da Trani, 8/2013 LoAR, A-Gleann Abhann]. Use of a dragonfly inverted has been ruled a Step from Period Practice but registerable. [Vatavia, Barony of, 5/2006 LoAR, A-Calontir]. As this is the only SFPP in the device, I am forwarding it.


12: Emma Lovell - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per bend sinister argent and gules, a brunette Caucasian maiden statant affronty proper gowned azure and three roses argent.

Both elements are documented from "English Names found in Brass Enscriptions" by Julian Goodwyn (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/brasses/).

Emma is a female given name dated to 1471 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/brasses/women.html).

Lovell is a surname dated to 1545. (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/brasses/lastnameIZ.htm#L).

I have clarified the blazon to indicate that the maiden is brunette Caucasian proper and not wholly azure and that the field is per bend sinister.


13: Eufemme de Alba Marlia - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per bend azure and gules, a unicorn's head couped contourny ermine.

Eufemme is a female given name found in "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/scottishfem.html) s.n. Eufemie dated to 1296.

de Alba Marlia appears as a locative byname in 'Close Rolls, Edward I: May 1290', Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward I: volume 3: 1288-1296 (1904), pp. 127-132. (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=96526&strquery=alba Marlia) and in 'Close Rolls, Edward I: November 1289', Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward I: volume 3: 1288-1296 (1904), pp. 25-28. ( http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=96495&strquery=Alba Marlia).

The Close Rolls of Edward I can also be found on Google Books if one does not have a British History Online subscription: http://books.google.com.au/books?id=GJkKAAAAYAAJ

The device appears to be clear of conflict with the armory of Guene filia Medrod (Sept. 2011, Outlands): Per saltire purpure and azure, a unicorn's head couped ermine, with one DC for the field and another for the orientation of the head. The device also appears clear of the badge of Rebecca Greylever (February 1992, East): (Fieldless) A unicorn's head couped contourny gules, with one DC for fieldlessness and another for the tincture of the head.


14: Eufemme de Alba Marlia - New Alternate Name Forwarded

Eufemme of Ordhead

Eufemme is a female given name found in "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/scottishfem.html) s.n. Eufemie dated to 1296.

Ordhead is the Lingua Anglica form of the place name Ord-head, which is found at p. 122 of Reliquiae divi Andreae, or The state of the venerable and primitial see of St Andrews, by a true sone of the Church (http://books.google.com/books?id=HPwHAAAAQAAJ) among a list of properties held by the Archbishop of St. Andrews in 1620. Evidence of Ordhead as a modern place name in Aberdeenshire can be found at http://www.britishplacenames.co.uk/nj6610-ordhead-aberdeenshire


15: Jaquemine van Bel - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Argent, an owl and a chief invected purpure.

Jaquemine is a feminine given name found between 1391-1428 in Kortrijk and between 1259-1530 in Brussels, as stated in "Vlaamse Vrouwennamen - Flemish Feminine Names 1259 - 1530" by Guntram von Wolkenstein (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/vlaamse.htm).

van Bel appears as a surname dated to 1422 in "15th Century Dutch Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch15surnames.html).

The device appears clear of the armory of Sabine de Rouen (Jan. 1999, Meridies): Argent, a martlet within an orle purpure . There is one DC for changing the orle to a chief invected. Although both martlets and owls are within the category of "regular-shaped" birds under the November 2003 Cover Letter, the two charges are sufficiently visually different that I believe there would be a second DC for type. Therefore, I am forwarding this device.


16: Kveld-Grimkell gylðir - Resub Device Forwarded

Azure, a wolf sejant erect Or and on a chief argent the Younger Futhark runes Hagall, Úr, Logr, Úr, Sól, Týr, Ár

A previous version of his device appeared on the October 2013 Eastern ILoI and was forwarded on the December 2013 LoD. Following the issuance of the LoD, the submitter opted to take the advice in commentary to change the runes on the chief to spell out an Old Norse word for loyalty, and to change the wolf from argent to Or. He withdrew his original device and has resubmitted it in this form.

Gunnvor Orle helpfully explained: "The word is hollusta, "faith, loyalty" (Cleasby, Richard and Guðbrandr Vigfusson. An Icelandic-English Dictionary. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon. 1957. p. 278 s.v. hollusta. From http://www.ling.upenn.edu/~kurisuto/germanic/oi_cleasbyvigfusson_about.html). Runic inscriptions don't usually double a letter, and the U-rune gets used for the O. This Younger Futhark is from the Norwegian-Danish runes c. 800 at http://www.arild-hauge.com/enruner.htm, with the rune names coming from the Norwegian Rune Poem (http://www.ragweedforge.com/rpnn.html).


17: Liam Saint Liam - New Name Change Forwarded

Old Item: William O Donovan of Monmouth, to be retained as an alternate name.

Liam is a late 16th cen. English surname found in the Family Search Historical Records as follows:

Joana Liam; Female; Marriage; 1592; Elsworth, Cambridge, England; Batch: M13053-1
Liam may also be used as a given name by precedent. [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East].

Saint is a 16th cen. English surname found in the Family Search Historical Records as follows:

Abigail Saint; Female; Christening; Aug 1589; Mumby, Lincoln, England; Batch: C03035-3
Millicent Saint; Female; Christening; 18 Oct 1576; Weeford, Stafford, England; Batch: P00989-1
Double surnames are found "late" in English according to Appendix A of SENA.


18: Maggie Rue - New Name Forwarded

Maggie is a female given name found in the Family Search Historical Records as follows:

Maggie Rey; Female; Christening; 01 Apr 1610; Fossoway and Tulliebole, Kinross, Scotland; Batch: C11461-2
Maggie Mortin; Female; Marriage; 27 Aug 1588; Anstruther Wester, Fife, Scotland; Batch: M11403-2
Rue is an English surname also found in the Family Search Historical Records:
Margerye Rue; Female; Christening; 21 Dec 1589; St Botolph Without Aldgate, London, London, England; Batch: C00633-1
Cicely Rue; Female; Christening; 16 Dec 1599; St Mary Whitechapel, Stepney, London, England; Batch: C00629-1
Scots and English can be combined per Appendix C of SENA.


19: Matheus Weasel - New Name Forward

Matheus is a male given name found s.n. Mathews in R&W with dated to c. 1150-5.

Weasel is a header spelling in R&W, p. 480, with dated spellings of Wesele (1193) and Wesel' (1206), describing it as "A nickname from the weasel, OE wesle." The submitter prefers the Lingua Anglica spelling of this descriptive byname.

Some commenters questioned whether it was possible to create a Lingua Anglica descriptive byname from an Old or Middle English descriptive such as Wesele. Precedent says "lingua anglica names can be created from names documented in Middle and Early Modern English." [Isemay the Nimble, 8/2011 LoAR, A-Atlantia]. There should be no problem giving the submitter what he wants.


20: Matthias Griffin Heart - New Name Forwarded

According to Appendix A of SENA, double given names or bynames are found "late" in Modern English.

Matthias is a male given name found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Matthias Mell; Male; Marriage; 08 May 1605; Friskney, Lincoln, England; Batch: M02840-3
Matthias Tresler; Male; Christening; 25 Feb 1582; Boxgrove, Sussex, England; Batch: C03774-1
Griffin is a male given name found in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html)

Heart appears as a surname in the Family Search Historical Records:

Joane Heart; Male; Marriage; 19 Jan 1594; St. Botolph Aldgate, London, England; Batch: M00080-5
Hugh Heart; Male; Christening; 11 Jul 1577; Ilsington, Devon, England; Batch: C05122-1


21: Mercedes Vera de Calafia - New Name Change Forwarded

Old Item: Mercedes de Calafia, to be retained as an alternate name.

Although Mercedes is grandfathered to the submitter, new research has also revealed that it is documentable to the gray period in Spain. From the Family Search Historical Records:

Mercedes [no surname]; Female; Christening; 23 Apr 1626; San Lorenzo, Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain; Batch: C87108-4
The name also appears in Spanish-speaking New World colonies in the gray period:
Mercedes De Laora; Marriage; 03 Oct 1632; Santa Ana, Ocaña, Norte De Santander, Colombia; Batch: M65635-4
Mercedes Tobar; Marriage; 10 Aug 1637; Santiago, Santiago, Chile; Batch: M00926-2
Vera appears as a surname in Spain in the Family Search Historical Records:
Luisa Vera; Female; Christening; 11 Jan 1568; San Martin, Medina Del Campo, Valladolid, Spain; Batch: C87331-1
Antonia Vera De Pena; Female; Christening; 22 Jun 1561; El Salvador, Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain; Batch: C87122-1
de Calafia is grandfathered to the submitter. The branch name Calafia, Barony of was registered "at some point" according to the O&A.

The pattern [given name] + [surname] + [locative] is found in Spanish according to Appendix A of SENA.


22: Morwill MacShane - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Paly argent and azure, a stag salient and on a chief sable a tree eradicated Or between two hammers argent.

Morwill is a 16th cen./early 17th cen. English given name, which may be used as a surname. [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East]. It is found in the Family Search Historical Records:

Robart Morwill; Male; Marriage; 08 Jul 1587; Nocton, Lincoln, England; Batch: M03046-1
John Morwill; Male; Marriage; 17 Aug 1625; Saint Andrew, Plymouth, Devon, England; Batch: M00183-1
The submitter would prefer the given name Morthwyl if any evidence can be found to support it. Eastern Crown had no luck finding such evidence, but please see what you can do for him.

MacShane - M'Shane appears s.n. Brian dated to 1600 in "Names Found in Anglicized Irish Documents" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnglicizedIrish/Masculine.shtml). M' is a scribal abbreviation, which expands to MacShane for registration.

English and Anglicized Irish can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.

The submitter was offered the option of Morth Wyll MacShane, but declined that option.


23: Pádraig Ó Gealagáin - New Device Forwarded

Azure, on a bend vert fimbriated Or an arrow argent.

This device appears clear of the armory of Christoph the Pathfinder (Dec. 1991, East): Azure, a bend abased vert fimbriated Or and in chief a lozenge ployé argent, with one DC for removing the lozenge and another DC for adding the arrow as a tertiary charge. It is also clear of the armory of Gwynaeth ferch Llewellyn von Westfalen (Aug. 1981, West): Azure, on a bend vert, fimbriated, three escarbuncles of five points palewise argent, with DCs for the number and type of tertiary charges. Finally, it appears clear of the armory of Vishaldyrne of Stackeryd (Jan. 1973, Atenveldt): Azure, on a bend gules fimbriated between two decrescents, an arrow inverted argent. There is one DC for the tincture of the bend, and a second DC for the removal of the secondary decrescents.


24: Pádraig Ó Gealagáin - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) A tankard azure charged with a sheaf of arrows argent


25: Reinne Chevalet la Mareschale - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per pale vert and purpure, a pegasus rampant argent between three fleurs-de-lys Or.

Reinne is a female given name found in "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by Colm Dubh (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paris.html#R).

Chevalet is a descriptive byname meaning "little horse" found at p. 139 of DRAFT: Names in the 1292 census of Paris (May 12, 2013) by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf).

la Mareschale is the feminine form of an occupational byname meaning "farrier, keeper of horses, horse marshal" found s.n. le mareschal at p. 121 of DRAFT: Names in the 1292 census of Paris (May 12, 2013) by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf).

Commenters are reminded that we are not art critics. We should be focused on whether a submitted charge is recognizable, not whether it meets some sort of Platonic heraldic ideal. While the pegasus may not be a perfect example of heraldic rampant, it is clearly rampant and not salient as its rear legs are separate and not together. In addition, while the submission form has been altered slightly from the standard estucheon shape, comparison of the submitted form with the official form shows that the change is minor. Therefore, I am forwarding this device as submitted.


26: Ryan Mac Whyte - New Alternate Name Forwarded

Crispin Bacoun

Crispin is a male given name appearing in the third edition of R&W, s.n. Crispin, with this spelling dated to 1166 and 1336.

Bacoun appears as a surname in "An Index to the 1296 Lay Subsidy Rolls for Rutland, England" by Karen Larsdatter (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/Rutland/bynamesalphabetically.htm).


27: Ryan Mac Whyte - New Badge Forwarded

Sable, an ermine spot within a mascle argent.


28: Simeon ben Iucef de Alcaçar - New Badge Forwarded

Quarterly sable and vairy sable, argent, gules and Or, in bend three towers Or.

The submitter's device, which uses the identical vairy sable, argent, gules and Or, was registered on the November 2013 LoAR. Under SENA A.6.F.1.c, the three overall towers prevent this badge from being prohibited marshalled armory.


29: Steffan van Groeningen - New Name Forwarded

Steffan is a male given name appearing in "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html). The spelling Steffan is more important to him than his interest in a Flemish name. But if someone can find this spelling in Dutch/Flemish, he would be very happy.

van Groeningen is a locative byname dated to 1432-33 found in "15th Cen. Dutch Names" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/dutch/dutch15surnames.html).

Responding to the submitter's request for a Dutch/Flemish name if possible, ffride Goutte d'Eau found the following in the Family Search Historical Records:

Steffan Machielsen; Male; Christening; 06 Oct 1611; Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands; Batch: C02862-5
In addition, she found Groeningen in a map dated to 1597 pp. 14-15 (http://books.google.com.au/books?id=dVhbAAAAQAAJ).


30: Viola Soldus - New Name Forwarded

Viola is a female given name found in various locations through Family Search Historical Records:

Antoni Vila; Spouse: Viola; Marriage; 22 Aug 1566; Santa Basilisa, Corsa, Gerona, Spain; Batch: M89253-2
Viola Borcher; Female; Christening; 21 Jan 1644; Clowne, Derby, England, Batch: K04854-2
Viola Staeheli; Female; Marriage; 11 Jan 1624; Evangelisch-Reformierte Kirche Sulgen, Thurgau, Switzerland; Batch: M97919-1
Soldus is the registered byname of the submitter's husband, Attila Soldus, whose name was registered on the July 2013 LoAR via the East. A letter attesting to the relationship has been provided.

SENA PN2.C.2.d states:

A name which includes name phrases documented under the legal name allowance, the grandfather clause, or the branch name allowance follows special rules. These name phrases are treated as neutral in language and time. Such name phrases may be combined with name phrases from a single regional naming group dated to within 500 years of one another.
Because Soldus is documented under the grandfather clause, it is treated as neutral and can be combined with Viola.

Kolosvari Arpadne Julia was able to document Viola as a feminine name in 14th century Hungary at p. 547 of Szamota/Zolnai, Magyar oklevél-szótár s.n. Viola (http://books.google.com/books?id=6FpGAAAAYAAJ) and (https://archive.org/details/magyaroklevlsz00szamuoft).

The submitter may be interested to know that she is identifying herself as her husband's sister, rather than his wife, by taking his surname in this fashion. If she is interested in an authentic form identifying herself as the wife of Attila Soldus, we will be happy to help her create one. Nevertheless, the submitted form is registerable and I am forwarding it.


31: Ysabel da Costa - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Azure, six escallops inverted two, two and two Or.

Ysabel appears as a female given name in Portugal through the Family Search Historical Records:

Ysabel Afonso; Female; Christening; 22 Jan 1587; Espirito Santo, Calheta-Madeira, Funchal, Portugal; Batch: C88009-1
Ysabel Alvres; Female; Christening; 10 Nov 1584; Espirito Santo, Calheta, Funchal, Portugal; Batch: C88009-1
da Costa appears as a locative byname dated to 1536 in "Portuguese Names from the 16th Century" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/portugal16.htm)

This device should be clear of the armory of Missa of Merryfield (Oct. 2003, Meridies): Azure, six escallops Or. There is one DC for inverting the escallops, and a second DC for arrangement. The standard arrangement for six charges is 3, 2, 1. Changing the arrangement to 2, 2, 2 provides the necessary second DC.


32: Zoila de la Montayana - New Name Forwarded and New Device Returned

Or, on a bend cotised azure a fleur-de-lys palewise between two cinquefoils Or and on a chief gules a lion passant Or.

Zoila is the submitter's legal given name, as shown on her N.Y. State Driver's License and attested to by Alys Eastern Crown and Brunissende Hyrondelle.

de la Montayana is a byname found in "Catalan Names from the 1510 Census of Valencia," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/spanish/survalencia1510.html).

Unfortunately, this device must be returned because the tertiary charges violate the Unity of Posture requirement. The cinquefoils are bendwise while the fleur-de-ly is palewise. The submitter has agreed to re-draw the device to have all of the tertiary charges oriented palewise.


Nunc est bibiendum