Unto the East Kingdom College of Heralds and all others who do read this letter, greetings from Lillia de Vaux, Eastern Crown Herald, from the Pennsic War!
This is the Letter of Decisions for the Internal Letter of Intent dated June 02, 2009. It contains submissions received before that date and has 19 numbered items. Text in boldface is quoted or summarized from the ILoI, and my comments follow in normal type.
Thank you to the following commenters: Simona de Saint Martí, Aryanhwy merch Catmael, Aceline Barrett, Gawain of Miskbridge, Alys Mackyntoich, Palotzi Marti, Brunissende Dragonette, Eleazar ha-Levi, and Ragnveig Snorradottir.
I would like to please remind consulting heralds and submitters that they need to provide acceptable documentation. If a source is not on the no-photocopy list in Appendix H of the Administrative Handbook (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/admin.html#APPENDIXH), then copies (or printouts for web sources) MUST be provided. For further information, please see the 12/2008 Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/loar/2008/12/08-12cl.html).
1: Alesone Gray of Cranlegh - New Badge forwarded
Sable, in bend sinister two walnuts Or and a bordure denticulada argent.
Her device, Gules, three equal-armed Celtic crosses and on a chief argent three ravens sable was accepted under the holding name Alesone of Carolingia on the 12/2008 LoAR. (East). The current name and another badge, (Fieldless) Two rapiers inverted in saltire argent and overall a crow sable, were submitted on the East's 04/2009 Internal Letter (External Letter dated 06/22/2009). A third badge, (Fieldless) On the breech of a cannon barrel sable a spool of thread Or, is on the East's 07/2009 Internal Letter.
With her registered device, and the three badges in progress, Alesone will still be under the registration limit of six pieces of armory. Several commenters did not prefer the depiction of the bordure denticulada, since it allegedly resembled a pound sign and the pieces were not of uniform size and spacing. Period examples of such bordures had some variation in the sizes, and it was considered that part of the problem was due to using the square badge shape rather than an escutcheon. The consulting herald felt it was more important to use the same number of pieces used in period examples than to exactly match the sizes. As I and most of the commenters could readily identify the bordure, I am forwarding this badge.
2: Brunissende Dragonette de Brocéliande - New Alternate Name & New Badge forwarded
(Fieldless) On a goblet argent a pomme.
Submitter desires a female name. No changes. Her primary name was registered in 09/2004 and her device, Per fess sable and gules, a bar gemel argent, was registered in 01/2007, both via the East. She also has another alternate name, Chrestienne la pescheress (11/2006), a badge (09/2005), (Fieldless) A lantern gules, and is joint registrant on the badge for the Sisterhood of Saint Walburga (12/2008), (Fieldless) A standing seraph gules, haloed and holding a cup Or, all registered via the East.
Margarita appears three times in Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman), "Italian Names from Imola, 1312" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/imolafemalph.html). Martini is found 242 times in the "Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532", edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/SURNAM1.html).
Brunissende will be under the registration limit of six pieces of armory if the current submission is registered. As for the name, joke names are acceptable as long as they are not obtrusively modern:
The fact that this is a "joke name" is not, in and of itself, a problem. The College has registered a number of names, perfectly period in formation, that embodied humor: Drew Steele, Miles Long, and John of Somme Whyre spring to mind as examples. They may elicit chuckles (or groans) from the listener, but no more. Intrusively modern names grab the listener by the scruff of the neck and haul him, will he or nill he, back into the 20th Century. A name that, by its very presence, destroys any medieval ambience is not a name we should register. [Porsche Audi, 08/1992, pg. 28].
Whether this particular name is obtrusively modern is for Pelican to decide.
3: Caitriona inghean Sheamuis - New Badge forwarded
Per bend sinister argent and gules, a thistle vert headed purpure and a mastiff statant argent.
Her name and device, Per chevron gules and argent, a mastiff statant defamed argent and three thistles one and two vert, headed purpure, were registered in 06/2008 via the East. (This depiction of a thistle, with the entire head purple instead of the tuft only, is taken from the submitter's device.)
4: Creatura Christi of Oakes - New Badge forwarded
(Fieldless) On a unicorn's head erased argent a brown acorn proper.
Her name was registered in 12/2006 via the East. Her resubmitted device, Per bend counterembowed embowed azure and vert, in bend sinister an oak sprig fructed palewise Or and another argent, is on the 06/2009 External Letter of Intent via the East. A second badge is below.
5: Creatura Christi of Oakes - New Badge forwarded
(Fieldless) On a unicorn's head erased argent an oak leaf vert.
Her name was registered in 12/2006 via the East. Her resubmitted device, Per bend counterembowed embowed azure and vert, in bend sinister an oak sprig fructed palewise Or and another argent, is on the 06/2009 External Letter of Intent via the East. Another badge is above.
6: Gabriella de Bas Serra - New Name & New Device forwarded
Gules, in pale a threaded needle fesswise and a unicorn's head couped contourny Or.
Submitter desires a female name. No major changes. Language (Italian) most important. Culture (Italian) most important. Gabriella is dated to 1427 in Pisa and Pistoia according to Academy of St Gabriel report 3225 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/3225), based on David Herlihy and Christiane Klapisch-Zuber, "Census and property survey of Florentine domains and the city of Verona in fifteenth century Italy" (machine-readable data file, reformatted by Robert Darcy; Madison, WI: Data and Program Library Service [distributor], 1981 and 1996). The report stated that:
...we also found in 1427, in Pisa and Pistoia. [1,2]
 Arval Benicoeur, "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427" (WWW: Academy of Saint Gabriel, 1998). http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/
 Herlihy, David and Klapisch-Zuber, Christiane. Census and property survey of Florentine domains and the city of Verona in fifteenth century Italy [machine- readable data file] / principal investigators, David Herlihy and Christiane Klapisch-Zuber. --Darcy ed. / reformatted by Robert Darcy -- Madison, Wis. : Data and Program Library Service [distributor], 1981 and 1996.
de Bas Serra is found in _La civiltà giudicale in Sardegna nei secoli XI-XIII: fonti e documenti scritti: atti del convegno nazionale, Sassari, Aula Magna dell'Università, 16-17 marzo 2001; Usini, chiesa di Santa Croce, 18 marzo 2001_. By Associazione Condaghe S. Pietro in Silki, Published by s.n., 2002. Original from the Univ. of Michigan, digitized 26 Jun 2008, 602 pages. (http://books.google.com/books?id=X4BoAAAAMAAJ&pgis=1). Page 192 of this source refers to Eleonora de Bas Serra (1404), a judge "Guidicessa" of Arborea. (Although this book does not have a preview available, this reference can be found by searching the book for "de bas serra".) Istituto Tecnico Industriale Statale "Michele Guia", "Medieval History in Sardinia" (http://www.itisgiua.it/page/32/Medieval_History_in_Sardinia.html) states the following:
The kingdom of Torres, too, was pro-Genoese and came to an end in 1259, on the death of the "guidicessa" Adelasia. The territory was divided up between the Dorian family of Genoa and the Bas-Serra family of Arborea, while the city of Sassari became an autonomous city-republic.
The submission also included the biographies of two members of the Bas-Serra ruling family: Mariano IV d'Arborea viscounte de Bas-Serra (http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mariano_IV_d'Arborea) and his daughter Eleanor of Arborea (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Arborea), who lived from 1317-1375 and 1347-1404, respectively. (A biography of Marianus in English is at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marianus_IV_of_Arborea.)
The device is clear of Freygerðr in spaka (08/2008, An Tir), Per chevron sable and purpure, a needle fesswise reversed argent and a unicorn passant contourny Or, with multiple CDs, including changing the field and tincture of the needle, and for the use of a unicorn's head instead of a whole unicorn. It is also clear of María Juanita de Valencia (05/1994, Calontir), Argent, a unicorn's head erased sable, armed Or, on a chief embattled gules a needle Or, with one CD for the removal of the chief and one for the addition of the secondary needle. Lastly, it is clear of Zeresh la Tricoteuse (07/1991, An Tir), Per bend azure and sable, a unicorn's head couped argent, armed and crined, and two double-pointed knitting needles in saltire Or, with CDs for the change in the field and the change of color of the primary charge.
7: Gavin MacAuley - New Name & New Device forwarded
Per fess invected vert and argent, a sun in splendor Or and a sheaf of arrows sable.
Submitter desires a male name. Language (unspecified) most important. Culture (unspecified) most important. The following was provided as documentation:
Gavin (m): Celtic name uncertain. Appeared as Gawain in Arthurian legends. Fell into disuse in 16th century, except in Scotland. ref: "Oxford Dictionary of First Names", Hanks and Hodges, Oxford University Press (1996) p. 129. MacAuley: Clan name formed from "son of Aulay". Aulay signed the "Ragman's Roll", swearing fealty to Edward I in 1296. ref: "The Clans of the Scottish Highlands", McIan, R., Alfred A. Knopf, NY (1980) p. 80
Neither source is on the no-photocopy list, yet photocopies were not provided for either source. Furthermore, Hanks & Hodges is explicitly listed as a source to avoid in the Administrative Handbook: "Very few of the entries have dates of any kind. There are many modern forms included in the entries. There are even, as there are in many general works of this kind, some errors, sometimes quite glaring" (LoAR Nov 1994, p. 20). Thankfully for the submitter, Elmet provided the following information for the name so that the name can be forwarded:
Gavin appears in this spelling in Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman), "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/gavin.html, dated to 1520 and 1521. The article also lists Gawin (1556), Gauin (1549) and Gawine (1532). "Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names" by Sharon L. Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/index.shtml) contains Gavine (1509). Withycombe (s.n. Gawain, 3rd edn., p. 127) lists the Gavin spelling, dated to 1604. Black (s.n. Macaulay, 2004 reprint, p. 455) states that the byname is from MacAmhalghaidh ("son of Amalghaidh") or MacAmhlaibh/MacAmhlaidh ("son of Amlaib"). The closest spelling given is McAuley, dated to 1326. Other spellings include Makkalay (1454), Macawlay (1591), McCalley (1598), Makalley (1602), McCaulay (1603), M'Kauley and M'Cauley (1623), and Makaulay (1638).
Gavin is also found in Black (s.nn. Rait, Rais): Gavin Rath (1477) and Gavin Rauss (1577). This name is also discussed in Arval Benicoeur, "Concerning the names Gavin, Gawaine, Gavan, and Gabhainn" (http://www.medievalscotland.org/problem/names/gavin.shtml). As both Mc and M' are scribal abbreviations, the above McAuley (1326) and M'Cauley (1623) spellings support MacAuley. Commenters thought that the name would be clear of Gavin MacKinlay (04/2000, An Tir).
8: Gilbert the Short - New Badge forwarded
(Fieldless) A chess rook gules.
His name and device, Gules, two chevronels and a bordure Or, were registered in 05/2003 via the East.
The chess rook used in this submission is similar to one seen in a 12th century French manuscript seen at http://www.island.net/~hamill/id24.htm#france_ (image no. 12). Commenters were unsure if this submission was clear of Godefroy Lévêque (03/2002, Atlantia), (Fieldless) A chess bishop gules, as there is no precedent for whether these two chess pieces conflict. It is clear, however, of Godefroy's device (03/2002, Atlantia), Or, a chess bishop and a chief gules, with a CD for fieldlessness, and another for the removal of the chief.
9: Jane Milford - New Name Change forwarded
Or, in pale three urchins statant azure.
Old Item: Jane of Milford, to be released. Submitter desires a female name. Jane of Milford was registered to the submitter in 10/2002 (East). She would like to drop the "of" and be simply Jane Milford. Both elements are grandfathered to her. Jane is found in Talan Gwynek, "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html) and "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyHZ.html). Milford is a locative byname found in R&W (s.n. Milford, p. 309), with John de Milford dated to 1379. R&W (p. xvii) also states that the use of locative bynames without prepositions occurred at various times, but were common in certain parts of England after about 1400.
Jane is also a header in Talan Gynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyintro.html), and is dated to 1473. The device is clear of Gregor von Leipzig (02/2005, Atlantia), Or, a chevron vert between three porcupines rampant azure by X.2. It is also clear of Rúadnat ingen Diarmada (11/2000, Caid), Or, three hedgehogs statant gules, with CDs for the changes in tincture and arrangement (in pale vs. 2-and-1) of the hedgehogs.
10: Knottyng Cross, College of - New Branch Name forwarded & New Branch Device forwarded
Vert, on a pall wavy between three crosses clechy argent a laurel wreath vert.
College is one of the permitted local branch designators (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/admin.html#APPENDIXB). Knottyng Cross is intended as a constructed English place name. For Knottyng, Mills (s.n. Notting Hill, p. 257) gives the spelling Knottynghull (1356), and states that the name's derivation is "[p]ossibly 'hill at the place associated with a man named Cnotta" or "[a]lternatively, Notting may be a family name from Knotting." Ekwall (s.n. Notting Hill, p. 345) gives the spelling Knottynghull (1356), Knottyngwode (1370), and Knottinge Bernes (1476). The same source (s.n. Knotting, p. 282) gives the spelling Cnotting (1163). Mills contains examples of period place names formed from the elements [place name or descriptor] + [Cross]. These names identify places where memorial crosses were erected. Some examples include the following: Walthamcross from 1365 (s.n. Waltham, p. 363), La Charryngcros from 1360 (s.n. Charing Cross, p. 76), Horcros from 1230 (s.n. Hoar Cross, p. 182). Ekwall (s.n. Hoar Cross, p. 243) gives the dated spellings Horecros (1251) and Harecros (1242), and gives the meaning as "gray cross"; this source also states that Tuicros appears in the Domesday Book (s.n. Twycross, p. 483), and offers Rerecros on Stanmore (1348), Rere Crosse (1275), and Reir croiz de Staynmore (1280) (s.n. Rey Cross, p. 385). Thus, the submitters believe that "the [Incipient] College of Knottyng Cross" is a reasonable constructed English place name.
The submission is accompanied by a petition:
We, the undersigned members and officers of the Incipient College of Knottyng Cross affirm that we approve of the submission of the branch name "College of Knottyng Cross" and device, Vert, on a pall wavy between three crosses clechy argent, a laurel wreath vert, pictured below. (Signed by the Seneschal, Chatelaine, Minister of Arts & Sciences, and Exchequer)
The device is clear of Dominica Bella Serafina Trioni (02/2008, Calontir), Purpure, a pall wavy between three crosses of Toulouse Or, with CDs for the changes in tincture of the field and charges. Due to the change from blue and gold to green and white, it is clear of the Barony of Carolingia (06/1973, East), Azure, a pall wavy and in chief a laurel Wreath Or, and the following of its badges: Azure, a pall wavy couped Or (04/1982, East); Order of Perseus (08/1993, East), Azure, a pall wavy Or between six mullets of eight points argent; Order of the Moon (08/1979, East), Azure, a pall wavy Or between three moons in their complement argent; Order of the Daystar (08/1979, East), Azure, a pall wavy Or between three suns in their splendor Or; Carolingian Company of Bowmen (07/1990, East), Azure, a pall wavy between three pairs of arrows inverted in saltire Or. Commenters thought that it should also be clear of Lowrens of Ross (11/2005, Ansteorra), Vert, on a pall between three crosses crosslet argent a lion gules, with CDs for the complex line on the pall and the differences in tertiary charges.
11: Marcus Redgate - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Gules, a lozenge within a horseshoe argent.
Submitter desires a male name. Marcus appears 14 times in Juliana de Luna, "Masculine Names from Thirteenth Century Pisa" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/pisa/pisa.html), as a masculine given name. The Italian names in this article were recorded in Latin. Redgate is the submitter's mundane surname. The submitting herald attests that she has seen his NY driver's license; a copy is available upon request. Should Marcus Redgate be deemed too close to the submitter's mundane name, he will accept Marcus Redgate of An Dubhaigeainn as an alternative. An Dubhaigeainn, Shire was registered in 05/1981, and was updated to An Dubhaigeainn, Barony of in 03/1993, both via the East. Ideally, the submitter would like an Italian byname meaning "of the/at the/by the red gate", but neither the submitter nor the submitting herald was able to find any evidence of Italian bynames with this meaning. The submitter appeals to the College for help. Should such an Italian byname be found, Latinized Italian and vernacular Italian can be combined [Elias Loredan, LoAR 01/2005, Atenveldt-A]. As such, Marcus + vernacular Italian byname meaning "of the/at the/by the red gate" should be registerable.
The device is clear of Emmelyne de Marksbury (11/2004, Middle), Gules, six lozenges argent, with CDs for the addition of the horseshoe and for the change in number of the lozenges. It is clear of Roselynde d'Angleterre for Maison du Flamant Sauvage (02/1987, Ansteorra), Gules, on a lozenge argent, between four fleurs-de-lys in saltire, bases to center, Or, a flamingo statant, sinister leg raised, proper, with a CD for the removal of the tertiary and another for the four fleurs-de-lys vs. a horseshoe. It is also clear of Úna inghean uí Ghríobhtha (12/2003, Calontir), Gules, on a lozenge Or a griffin couchant vert, with CDs for the color change of the primary charge and the change of the secondary charge. Lastly, it is clear of Cecilie die Ärtzin (02/1998, Ansteorra), Gules, on a lozenge throughout argent, a bat-winged dolphin haurient contourny sable, with a CD for the addition of the horseshoe, and another for removal of the tertiary.
12: Margaret Gresham - New Device forwarded
Azure, a squirrel contourny and a bordure embattled argent.
The submitter's name was registered in 08/2008 via the East. The device, Azure, a squirrel within a bordure embattled argent was returned at kingdom on the 02/2008 Letter of Decision for conflict with Regana van Kortrijk (02/2002, Outlands), Azure, a squirrel argent with just one CD for adding the bordure. The submitter has taken the College's advice to change the orientation of the squirrel in order to clear this conflict. The name given on the form was Margret Gresham. It has been corrected to the registered spelling.
The device is clear of Johann Tscharner von Graffenried (11/1991, Calontir), Sable, a squirrel sejant erect to sinister within a bordure argent; Richenda of Locksley (11/1992, An Tir), Vert goutty, a squirrel sejant erect argent grasping an acorn proper; and Angharad Melys (06/1996, Atlantia), Vert, a squirrel sejant erect contourny Or maintaining a sword proper, for the change in the field tincture and for adding a bordure.
13: Margaret MacGillereach - New Name forwarded
Submitter desires a female name. No major changes. Sound (mac-gill-@-rich) most important. Language (Scottish) most important. Culture (Scottish) most important.
Margaret is found in Talan Gwynek, "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html), s.n. Margeret. This spelling is dated to 1185-1588. MacGillereach is from Black (s.n. MacIlriach, p. 514), which lists a Duncan McGillereach to 1503.
Margaret is also found in Talan Gwynek, "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/scottishfem.html#scottishfemlate, dated to 1529. It should be clear of Margaret Gillivray (11/1995, Ansteorra), as the last half of the surname is pronounced differently (Gill-ah-vray vs. Gill-ah-rach).
14: Rachel of Rochester - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded
Per fess azure and argent, a moon in her complement argent and three martlets rising sable.
Submitter desires a female name. No major changes. Language most important. Culture most important. The following information was provided as documentation:
Rachel (f): This is a biblical name and was common as a Jewish feminine name in the middle ages in England, France, and Germany. It is also the submitter's modern name. ref: "Oxford Dictionary of Names", Hanks and Hodges, Oxford University Press (1996) p. 274. Rochester: Rochester is a city in Kent, England, built on the site of a Roman settlment [sic] (Dvrobrivae). ref: "Map of Roman Britain" (third edition), OrdinanceSurvey [sic], Chessington, Surry [sic], England (1956)
Photocopies were not provided for either source, although none of them were on the no-photocopy list. In addition, the Hanks & Hodges book does not have the correct title (presumably it's their book on first names). Furthermore, Hanks & Hodges is explicitly listed as a source to avoid in the Administrative Handbook: "Very few of the entries have dates of any kind. There are many modern forms included in the entries. There are even, as there are in many general works of this kind, some errors, sometimes quite glaring" (LoAR Nov 1994, p. 20). Thankfully for the submitter, commenters provided the following information for the name so that the name can be forwarded:
Rachel is found twice in Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Sara L. Uckelman), "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html), dated to 1600 and 1608. Bardsley (s.n. Appleby, pp. 56-7) also lists Rachel Appleby dated to 1624. It also is found in Eleazar ha-Levi, "Jewish Naming Conventions in Angevin England" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/jewish.html), dated c.1070-1290. Rochester is found in this spelling as an unmarked surname in Julie Stampnitzky, "Surnames in Durham and Northumberland, 1521-1615" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juetta/parish/surnames.html, dated to 1567, 1578, and 1589. Bardsley (s.n. Rochester, p. 650) lists a Thomas Rochester dated to 1549. One commenter noted that that Rachel Rochester was more appropriate for the late 16th and early 17th centuries, but that the submitted form should be registerable, but Eleazar's article notes that the pattern [name] of [place] was commonly used for Jewish names in period. The Encyclopedia Judaica (http://go.galegroup.com.navigator-stlib.passhe.edu/ps/start.do?p=GVRL&u=p12881 states that "Jews are recorded here [Rochester, England] from 1187 onward and are mentioned as a group in 1231". However, as the submitter did not define the desired language and culture, it is not known if this information is relevant. (In addition, I could not verify the information at that link because it required a user account and password.)
The blazon was changed from swallows to martlets based on the lack of feet. Commenters thought that the posture of the birds wasn't quite rising or volant, so I am forwarding this to Wreath to decide whether the submitted posture is blazonable and reproducible.
15: Raffaella da Napoli - Resub Device forwarded
Sable, a sun argent within an orle argent semy of mullets azure.
Her name was registered in 06/2000, via the East. Her original device submission, Sable, a sun argent within an orle argent semy of rosebuds gules, was returned on the same LoAR:
Rosebuds have been forbidden as a change since July 1994, barring any evidence of them being used in period armory. In addition, while it is not a cause for return, the submitter should be informed that there are only a few examples of charged orles in period armory.
This device replaces the red rosebuds with blue mullets. The device is technically clear of Sunniva máni (08/2005, Atenveldt), Sable, a sun in his splendor argent within an orle ermine, with CDs for the argent orle vs. the ermine one and another by X.4.i for adding the tertiary mullets.
16: Robert of Stonemarche - New Name forwarded
Per pale argent and vert, a hedgehog statant counterchanged.
Submitter desires a male name. Language (Unspecified) most important. Culture (Unspecified) most important. As found in the Encyclopedia Britannica, Robert is a male Norman-English given name. Examples include Robert le Fort, Count of Anjou and Blois (d. 866), Duke Robert I (father of William the Conquerer, d. 1035), Robert the eldest son of William the Conquerer, and Robert of Gloucester (English chronicler, c. 1300). of Stonemarche is a locative derived from the submitter's barony, Stonemarche, Barony of, registered in 05/1989 via the East.
The lack of photocopies for the name documentation was grounds for administrative return; however, commenters supplied the missing information from better sources. Robert is found 372 times in Talan Gwynek, "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html), and 107 times in Julian Goodwyn, "English Names Found in Brass Enscriptions" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/), with the earliest instance dated to 1331. The device is clear of Orien Wenderson (01/1986, Middle), Vert, a hedgehog statant to sinister argent for the difference in the tinctures of the field and hedgehogs. It is also clear of Egen Bräuer (06/1995, West), Per fess vert and argent, three urchins counterchanged, with CDs for the difference in arrangement and another for the number of hedgehogs.
17: Ruadhan Muir - Resub Device forwarded
Per chevron argent and azure, two rapiers in saltire sable and a popinjay argent.
Ruadhan's name was registered in 06/2008 via the East. His device was returned on the same LoAR for a redraw:
Blazoned on the LoI as swords, the charges in chief most closely resemble rapiers. They are drawn in such a manner that they must considered "thin-line heraldry": the upper portion of each rapier is invisible. While the bird is parrot-like, its beak should be hooked and the tail longer. As ruled on the February 2006 Cover Letter, we grant a CD between a properly drawn raven and a popinjay. That letter stated:
The popinjay's beak is the typical hooked form we associate with parrots, macaws, budgies, etc, while the crow's beak is long and pointy. The popinjay also has a long, pointed tail,
Finally, the line of division should be straight and symmetrical. No one of these issues is likely grounds for return, but when every element of the design requires an artist's note, the combination of problems is sufficient grounds for return. We note that the term sword covers many edged weapons. Something blazoned a sword may legitimately be depicted as a rapier if the owner chooses; however, it is desired that a rapier always be depicted, it is best to blazon it as such. Given the blazon of a sword, most heraldic artists would draw the default broadsword.
This is a slight redesign in addition to having made the changes needed to address the concerns in the LoAR.
The device is clear of Enid of Crickhollow (07/1996, Ansteorra), Per chevron argent and azure, two mullets of six greater and six lesser points and a swan naiant counterchanged, with CDs for the difference between a swan and popinjay (see the 11/2003 Cover Letter; http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2003/11/03-11cl.html), and for changing the type and color of the secondary charges.
18: Sakura'i Ha'name - New Name & New Device forwarded
Gules, a cherry blossom and in base two knives in saltire argent.
Submitter desires a female name. No major changes. Language (Japanese) most important. Culture (Japanese) most important. Sakura'i is an ancient uji (clan name) found in Solveig Throndardottir, Name Construction in Early Japan, 2nd edn., p. 396. Ha'name is found in the same source, p. 376, listed as a historical feminine name (nanori) dated to 1147. The name uses the pattern [uji/clan name] + [nanori] (ibid., p. 4).
The depiction of the cherry blossom in the Internal Letter of Intent was considered to be too naturalistic and possibly in trian aspect. In addition, it was also a little small and didn't fill the available space. With the submitter's permission, the device has been redrawn. The device is likely clear of Juliana Vertue (03/2002, Ansteorra), Azure, in pale a rose argent barbed and seeded proper and two grozing irons in saltire argent, for the change in type of secondary charges and the color of the field; however, there is no specific precedent for whether grozing irons and knives are substantially different, so Wreath should make this call.
19: Stonemarche, Barony of - New Badge forwarded
Per pale vert and argent, three broad heads counterchanged.
The barony's name was registered in 05/1989 via the East. This badge is to be associated with the Baronial Company of Archers.
The badge is clear of Barony of the Bridge's Archers' and Bowyers' Guild (08/1979, East), Per pale vert and argent, a bow and arrow in saltire counterchanged, by X.2.