19 April 2013
Unto to the East Kingdom College of Heralds, upon the Feast of Saint Elphege, greetings and every good thing! Here is the Letter of Decisions for the March 4, 2013 Internal Letter of Intent. The original text from the iLoI is bolded, and is followed by my comments in unbolded text. Note that the submissions are being evaluated under the Standards for Evaluation of Names and Armory (SENA).
Thank you to the following commenters: Abdullah ibn Harun (Sinking Tower); Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Albion); Donovan Shinnock; Eldrich Gaiman; Etienne Le Mons (Vexillum); ffride wlffsdotter (Goutte d'Eau); Gawain of Miskbridge (Green Anchor); Gunnvor silfraharr (Orle); Jeanne Marie Lacroix (Dolphin); Juetta Copin; Kolosvari Arpadne Julia; Lillia de Vaux (Diademe); Mari Clock van Hoorne (Mural); Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (Aldyrne); Rohese de Dinan (Shadowdale); Tanczos Istvan (Non Scripta) and Yehuda ben Moshe (Elmet). As always, your commentary has been helpful and very necessary.
Eastern Crown Herald
1: Aífe ingen Chonchobair in Derthaige - New Device Forwarded
Azure, three roundels Or each charged with a triskelion of spirals azure.
A triskelion of spirals is not specifically listed in Appendix G of SENA as a step from period practice. However, prior precedent states: "There is a step from period practice for the use of a triskelion of spirals." [Cormac Ó Treassaigh, November 2010, Lochac-A].
Originally blazoned as Azure, three bezants each charged with a triskelion of spirals azure, at the behest of commenters, I changed the blazon to refer simply to roundels Or. This device appears to be clear of Penelope Bonmatin (08/1997, Calontir): Azure, three roundels and a demi-sun issuant from base Or, with a DC for removing the demi-sun, and a DC for adding the triskelions.
2: Aildreda de Tamworthe - Resub Device Forwarded
Per chevron argent and azure, three estoiles counterchanged.
This device was initially returned on the July 2006 LoAR for conflict with Enid of Crickhollow's device, Per chevron argent and azure, two mullets of six greater and six lesser points and a swan naiant counterchanged, with a single CD for changes to the primary charges. Enid of Crickhollow has filed a blanket letter of permission to conflict which grants permission for armory that is one countable step away from Enid's, which Aildreda's is.
The first resubmission of this device was returned on the December 2012 LoAR with conflict with Larissa Mikhailovna (April 2008, Atlantia): Per chevron argent and azure, two estoiles of eight rays azure and issuant from base a phoenix argent rising from flames Or. Shortly before the December 2012 LoAR was issued, permission to conflict was obtained from Larissa. Unfortunately, the signed letter was lost in the mail and the problem was not identified in time for the LoAR. Eastern Crown has since received a new copy of Larissa's letter of permission to conflict, and the device is now being resubmitted a second time. Larissa's letter states:
I, [legal name], known in the SCA as Larissa Mikhailovna give [legal name], known in the SCA as Aildreda de Tamworth [sic] permission for her armory "Per chevron argent and azure, three estoiles counterchanged" to look similar to, but not identical to, my armory, "Per chevron argent and azure, two estoiles of eight rays azure and issuant from base a phoenix argent rising from flames Or." I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once [legal name]'s armory is registered.The permission to conflict from Larissa is in order; no new conflicts have been identified.
Signed with legal name
3: Alicia la Rossa - New Name Forwarded
Alicia is a feminine given name found in "Names from Fourteenth Century Foix" by Cateline de la Mor (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/cateline/foix.html).
la Rossa is a descriptive byname found in "Late Period Feminine Names from the South of France" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/latefrenchfem.html).
Submitted as Alicia La Rossa, the byname has been changed to la Rossa to match the documentation.
4: Angela Mori - New Name Forwarded and New Device Withdrawn
Angela is a feminine given name found in "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427," by Arval Benicoeur (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/).
Mori appears as a family name in "Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," edited by David Herlihy, R. Burr Litchfield, and Anthony Molho (http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/SURNAM1.html).
The device submitted with the name, Sable, a winged human skeleton affronty argent and a bordure argent semy de lys sable, was withdrawn at the submitter's request.
5: Angela Mori - New Badge Forwarded
(Fieldless) A winged human skeleton affronty argent
6: Anya Krasnoperkina - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Gules, an owl argent and in sinister chief a compass star Or.
Anya is intended as a variant spelling of Annya, which appears in "Dictionary of Period Russian Names," by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (3rd ed. - print) s.n. Anna dated to 1554-1556.
Krasnoperkin appears in "Zoological Bynames in Medieval Russia," by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (http://www.goldschp.net/archive/zoonames.html) as a byname based on a pigeon breed: "Red-feather -- Krasnoperkin (from Krasnoperka, 1618)." Commenters are asked to address whether the byname needs to be feminized and what changes would need to be made to the byname to do so.
Under Appendix G of SENA, the use of a compass star is a step from period practice.
I have changed the byname from Krasnoperkin to Krasnoperkina in order to put it in feminine form per "Zoological Bynames in Medieval Russia," by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (http://www.goldschp.net/archive/zoonames.html), which states that the forms found in the article are all masculine, but can be made feminine by adding a terminal -a.
The device appears to be clear of Sofya Rous (4/2007, Calontir): Gules semy of acorns Or, an owl argent, with DCs for the number of secondary charges and for the type.
7: Arasen Saikhan - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Per bend sinister Or and purpure, two quill pens bendwise sinister sable and argent.
Arasen is a man's name listed in "Mongolian Naming Practices" by Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/mongolian_names_marta.html).
Saikhan appears as an epithet or modifier in the same article.
SENA Appendix A directs submitters and heralds to the patterns found in "Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names" by Baras-aghur Naran (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/mongol.html), which documents the pattern of [given name] + [epithet].
The device appears to be clear of Edward of Guildford (1/1993, West): Per bend sinister argent and gules, two quill pens bendwise sinister counterchanged, with a DC for the field and a DC for the change of tincture of half the pens.
8: Athila Soldus - New Name Forwarded
Athila is found in mostly legendary geneologies of Hungarian royalty, but is also used occasionally by normal people. It is found in 1221/1550 (the slash indicates a copy) s.n. Athila in Fehértói Katalin, Arpád-kori személynévtár (1000-1301). (Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2004). Note that all names in this source are in a Latin context. The submitter would prefer the spelling Attila if it can be documented.
Soldus is an occupational byname glossed as "mercenary" dated to the 14th and 15th centuries at p. 1119 s.n. Zsoldos in István Szamota, Gyula Zolnai, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia. Magyar oklevél-szótár: régi oklevelekben és egyéb iratokban eloforduló magyar szók gyüjteménye (http://books.google.com/books?id=6FpGAAAAYAAJ), Hornyánszky, 1906. Dated examples found in the text are Blasius dictus Soldus (1366), Johanne Soldus dicto (1379), Paulus dictus Soldus (1389), Petrus dictus Soldus (1390), Benedicto Soldus (1430), and Stephanus Soldus (1439).
If the name cannot be registered as submitted, the submitter will accept (in this order) either Athila dictus Soldus or Soldus Athila. The latter pattern was not documented for Latinized names.
9: Berrick Grayveson - New Name Change Forwarded
Old Item: Berric Grayveson, to be retained as an alternate name.
Berrick is a late 16th cen. English given name found in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:
Yewan Berrick Male Marriage 26 Oct. 1600 St. Botolph Aldgate, London, England Batch: M00080-3By precedent [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East], such surnames are usable as given names.
Walter Berrick Male Christening 15 Mar 1578 Saint Ann Blackfriars, London, London, England Batch: C02209-2
Thoma Berrick Male Christening 21 Dec 1599 Saint Marys, Haney Castle, Worcester, England Batch: C04216-1
Grayveson is grandfathered to the submitter; it was originally documented as English, found in R&W p. 203 s.n. Graveson with the submitted spelling dated to 1327.
10: Cecile de Perches - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Gules, a seahorse maintaining a lance palewise argent and a point pointed chevronelly Or and gules.
Cecille is found in "Names from Lallaing 1384 - 1600" by Domhnall na Moicheirghe (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/lallaing/lallaing_names_feminine_given.html). The article does not support the submitted spelling with a single 'l'.
de Perche - The submitter provided no documentation for this element except to state that Perche was a county in France created in 1115. Eastern Crown notes that the byname de Perches is found in "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael dated to 1421 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423surnames.html).
Assistance is requested finding the submitted spellings.
Gawain Green Anchor found the submitted spelling of the given name in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:
Cecile Thomas; Female; Christening; Nov 1641; SAINT MICHEL, NAMUR, NAMUR, BELGIUM; Batch: C87028-3Whether this name is French or Flemish in origin, it can be combined with a French byname under Appendix A of SENA. As to the byname, commenters were unable to find the submitted de Perche. Aryanhwy Albion pointed out that her "Index of Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf) has both du Perche and Perche. Although I have contacted the submitter to determine which of the documented forms she would prefer, she has not responded and I prefer not to hold up the LoD any longer. I have changed the byname to de Perches, which represents the least change in pronunciation.
11: Cuthbert Cunnyngham - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Gules, a shakefork argent between in base two brown rabbits sejant erect respectant proper.
Both name elements are found in "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/). Cuthbert is found as a given name dated to 1471, 1488, 1489, 1490, 1502, 1547, 1576 and 16522 (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/cuthbert.html). Cunnyngham is found s.n. Cunningham with the submitted spelling dated to 1504 (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/cunningham.html).
Commenters are asked to discuss the contrast (or lack thereof) between the rabbits and the field, and whether rabbits without white tails can be considered "proper."
SENA A.3.B.1 states that "[a]ny animal (not including monsters) that can be brown in nature can be blazoned as a brown X proper. Such an animal would be expected to be completely brown, as opposed to drawn naturalistically." The entirely brown rabbits therefore are acceptable. I have added the term "brown" to the blazon to make their tincture clear.
Although not directly relevant to this device since the rabbits are entirely brown, commenters noted that the most recent precedent concerning brown animals conflicts with SENA A.3.B.1. The July 2012 Cover Letter states that "a brown X proper may have minor artistic details in another tincture, as long as the charge retains identifiability and does not encroach upon the ban on 'Linnaen proper' for being too naturalistic."
I am skeptical about the ultimate registerability of this device. However, commenters did find evidence suggesting that brown secondary charges on red fields could be an Individually Attested Pattern:
De Gayano: Gules, in pale a cock's comb brunatre and a bezant.I have therefore opted to send the device up for Wreath's consideration after the benefit of more commentary.
1550-1555 Insignia Urbium Italiae Septentrionalis
De Pagano de Robeco: Gules, a castle of two towers argent between a Moor's head brunatre and a fleur-de-lys Or. (Note other Moor's heads in the same armorial are drawn sable, not brown.)
1550-1555 Insignia Urbium Italiae Septentrionalis
Brancharini: Per fess gules and vert, two lion's jambes in chevron issuant from the line of division brunatre, and three ragged staves bendwise argent.
1550-1555 Insignia Veneta [BSB Cod.icon. 274]
12: Cuthbert Cunnynghan - New Badge Returned
(Fieldless) A unicorn's head couped argent and horned and crined Or issuant from a torse gules and within and conjoined to a brown garter buckled in annulo charged with the words "Over Fork Over" sable.
This badge must be returned for multiple reasons. First, this badge must be returned for impermissible use of a restricted charge under SENA A.6.B.1. A charge within a belt strap or garter strap is not permitted in SCA armory as it is reserved for use by real-world Scottish clans. (http://heraldry.sca.org/coagloss.html#restricted).
Second, the submitted badge is precisely the real-world Cunningham clan badge registered by the Lyon King of Arms of Scotland. The combination of the real world clan badge plus the surname Cunnyngham is presumptive and also reason for return under SENA A.6.E.
Third, the submitted badge violates the rule of contrast by placing black letters upon a brown belt or garter. This lack of contrast is a violation of SENA A.3.B and cause for return.
Fourth, the lettering of the motto does not appear to be in a period font. By precedent, the use of a non-period font for writing included as part of armory is a reason for return. [Alan Albertson, 1/2013 LoAR, R-Middle].
13: East, Kingdom of the - New Order Name Forwarded and New Badge Forwarded
Order of Gawain
(Fieldless) A garter buckled in annulo vert charged on the tongue with a mullet of five points Or.
This order name follows the pattern of Orders named after a person, identified in "Medieval Secular Order Names" by Juliana de Luna (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/order/new/). The May 2011 LoAR states that "[a] given name can be used to create an order name (one named after a founder or inspiration)." [Order of Taillefer, 5/2011 LoAR, A-Lochac].
Gawain appears as a given name in Scottish parliamentary records from July 1476, March 1479 and October 1479. (http://www.rps.ac.uk/).
Commenters questioned whether the combination of the name "Gawain" with a green garter was presumptive of the late 14th century romance "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight." However, in that work, the item given to Sir Gawain by the lady was a girdle, not a garter. A green garter does not appear on the attributed arms of Sir Gawain. In "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight," his arms are blazoned as "goules / Wyth the pentangel depaynt of pure golde hwes." (Gawain and the Green Knight, lines 619-620). Therefore, I do not find the name and badge combination to be presumptive of the fictional character and am sending both the badge and name up for further commentary.
14: East, Kingdom of the - New Badge Forwarded
(Fieldless) A demi-tyger rampant azure
This submission is to be associated with Tyger of the East Kingdom, Order of the
Tyger of the East Kingdom, Order of the was registered to the Kingdom of the East in June 1999 (via the East).
In some cases, we routinely create a new charge out of a portion of a standard heraldic charge without requiring specific documentation for that portion of a charge being used as an independent charge in period. It was a standard period heraldic practice to create demi-beasts and beast's heads from a beast. In keeping with this real-world practice, if a particular beast or monster is a documented heraldic charge, we routinely allow the registration of a demi-beast/monster or a beast's/monster's head as long as the charge's identifiability is preserved. [Odysseus Titinius Maximus, 12/2003, R-Calontir]This depiction is consistent with the normal heraldic depiction of a demi-lion: The normal depiction of a demi-lion has the body cut in half with a straight line; the tail is detached from the body. [Christian Robert von Wildhausen, 11/05, A-West]
For conflicts-checking purposes, note that the College has long granted at least a DC between a demi-critter and a full critter of a similar type. See, e.g., LoAR 30 Apr 89, p. 2.
Commenters questioned whether this badge was registerable as fieldless given that the tail was not attached to the body of the tyger. However, we allow disjoint single charges such as ermine spots and crosses of Jerusalem to be registered as fieldless badges. See, e.g., Hans Faust der herlat (4/2003, Ansteorra): (Fieldless) A cross of Jerusalem purpure; Seraphina Sacheverell (5/2002, Caid): (Fieldless) A cross of Jerusalem sable. I therefore see no barrier to registering a demi-tyger in this form as a fieldless badge.
15: Elijah al-Talhi - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Sable, a pithon involved in annulo gules.
Elijah is a masculine given name found in "Jewish Names in the World of Medieval Islam" compiled by Yehoshua ben Haim haYerushalmi (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/Jewish/Cairo/cairo_men.html).
al-Talhi is a masculine byname found in "Period Arabic Names and Naming Practices" by Da'ud ibn Auda (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/arabic-naming2.htm).
Yehoshua's article (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/Jewish/Cairo/cairo_authors.html) shows several examples of what appear to be Hebrew given names with Arabic byames:
Bejamin al-Naha-wandi-The dash appears to indicate a macron over the preceding letter.
SENA Appendix C states that "Jewish names documented from location X are registerable with (1) other names documented from the languages for that language group and (2) with other Jewish names documented from other parts of Europe." Given the evidence of Jewish names being used in Arab-speaking parts of the Islamic world, and the evidence of what appear to be Hebrew-Arabic combinations, this name should be a registerable lingual mix.
This device is submitted under SENA A.4: Individually Attested Patterns. Examples from German and North European armory show that the pattern Sable, a [widget] gules was used in period armory. In April 2012, Wreath ruled: "Sufficient evidence, primarily in German armory, of simple charges in gules on sable fields was provided to allow this device [Sable, a cross formy gules within a bordure argent] to be registered as a documented exception." [Cristiane Milton, 4/2012 LoAR, A-Ansteorra]. In addition, examples of gules charges in black fields are found in the Ortenburg Armorial (1473):
(http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/bsb00001755/image_425): Sable, a bull statant gules, a bordure argent.And in Seibmacher: (http://www.wappenbuch.de/pages/wappen_32_Siebmacher.htm): Sable, three arms gules.
(http://codicon.digitale-sammlungen.de/1bsb00002481_00299.jpg): Multiple pieces of armory, one of which is: Sable, an antler gules.
Under the RfS, a mixed Hebrew and Arabic name was a step from period practice because names did not combine Hebrew and Arabic orthography. [Daniel al-Andalusi, 04/2012, A-East]. The status of this precedent under SENA is unclear.
Commentary was mixed on the identifiability of the charge and the periodness of the posture of the pithon. I believe this armory would benefit from further commentary from a larger community of heralds; therefore, I am sending it up for Wreath's review.
16: Elizabeth Phoenix - New Name Forwarded
Elizabeth is the most prevalent woman's name found in Talan Gwynek's "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng16/eng16ffreq.html).
Phoenix is an English surname found in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:
Richard Phoenix Male Christening 20 Dec 1607 Saint Edmunds, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England Batch: C15349-1In addition, Elizabeth Phenix appears in a marriage record dated to 16 May 1594 in Allhallows London Wall, London, London, England (Batch: M00085-1).
Brigett Phoenix Female Christening 03 Sep 1609 Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London, England Batch: C05576-5
17: Ella de Caleys - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Azure, a cross moline and on a chief Or three swallows volant azure.
Ella appears as a female given name in the IGI Parish Extracts from England:
Ella Jacson Female Christening 17 Mar 1559 All Saints, Derby, Derby, England Batch: C03587-2
Caleys is a place name that appears at p.5, 2nd column of "Names From the Signet Documents of Henry V (1413-1422)" by Alys Mackyntoich (http://st-walburga.aspiringluddite.com/docs/SignetHenryV.pdf). According to the article, both de and of were used in locative bynames in the data.
Ella Armestronge Female Marriage 04 Nov 1582 Billingham, Durham, England Batch: M00087-1
The cross moline is based on a period rendering found in BSB Cod. icon. 390, folio 747 as shown in "Crosses in SCA Heraldry" by Coblaith Muimnech (http://coblaith.net/Heraldry/Crosses/period.html#molinefamily)
18: Griete van Alckmaer - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Per pale azure and argent, an ox's head caboshed and a bordure embattled counterchanged
Griet(e) is a Latinized feminine given name found in "Female first names in the annual accounts of Deventer 1337-1393," by Bertus Brokamp (http://www.deventerburgerscap.nl/studies/voornamen-vrouw-en.htm)
van X is the locative pattern found in Appendix A of SENA. Alkmaar was a city located in the province of North Holland granted rights in 1254. (www.alkmaar.nl/ecache/33847/English-history). No photocopies of the cited website were provided.
Please discuss whether the thinness of the bordure can be addressed adequately with an artist's note rather than a return for redraw.
Commenters were unable to find documentation for the submitted van Alkmaar. Aryanhwy Albion noted that the following dated spellings appear in van Berkel & Samplonius, Nederlandse plaatsnamen: herkomst en historie s.n. Alkmaar: Almere 1st half of the 11th C, Alcmere 1063, and Alcmair 1452. I found Van Alckmaer in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:
Aecht Van Alckmaer Female Christening 08 Oct 1606 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands Batch: C02862-5I also found forms of the given name dated consistently with the 1606 form for the byname:
Griete Sluijters Female Marriage 10 Nov 1596 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands Batch: M01224-6I am awaiting word from the submitter on her preferences, but in the mean time I have changed the byname to van Alckmaer, which seems closest to the submitted spelling.
Griete Elberts Female Marriage 11 Jan 1579 Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands Batch: M01224-6
As to the device, Lillia Diademe noted evidence in period armorials of bordures of similar width. Therefore, I am sending this device up for further review and commentary. I have also fixed the typo in the blazon.
19: Jibril al-Dakhil - New Badge Forwarded
Per fess with a left step sable and Or, a sun Or eclipsed and a crescent sable.
Recent precedent ruled that the use of dissimilar charges on a field per bend bevilled or per bend sinister bevilled is registerable with a single step from period practice. [Emmelina van Westenberg, 9/2012 LoAR, A-Outlands].
20: Katrin Daans - New Name Forwarded
Katrin is a feminine given name found in "Swedish Feminine Given Names from SMP," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/swedish/smp/) dated to 1350-1399, 1400-1449, 1450-1499.
Academy of St. Gabriel Report 2296 states that a Swedish woman "could be known as her husband's wife, by having her husband's name in the genitive case follow her given name, e.g.,
 --, _Sveriges Medeltida Personnamn_, Vol. 1- (Uppsala: 1967-. bd. 1, h.3: isbn: 91-7192-123-8; bd. 1, h. 4: isbn: 91-7192-223-7; bd. 1, h. 5: isbn: 91-7402-044-7; bd. 2, h. 6: isbn: 91-7402-104-4; bd. 2, h. 7: isbn: 91-7402-136-2, h. 8: isbn: 91-7402-115-x; bd. 2, h. 9: isbn: 91-88096-00-9; bd. 2, h. 10: isbn: 91-88096-01-7; Bloms Boktryckeri AB: Lund 1983 bd. 2). s.nn. Anna, Benediktsson, Birgitta, Bothild, Elena, Elisabeth, Erik, Folke,Gunar, Hakon.
The masculine given name Daan is found in the same St. Gabriel Report, with the same footnote cited for the source.
Although the name was submitted as Katrin Per Daans, this was the result of a misunderstanding about the creation of a marital byname. The submitter wishes to be Katrin, wife of Daan. Accordingly, I have deleted Per from the name.ffride Goutte d'Eau provided evidence of Daan in the 14th century from Svenskt Diplomatariums huvudkartotek över medeltidsbreven (SDHK):
Svno Daanson Latin, 1311 SDHK-nr: 2400 http://www.nad.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=2400 http://fmpro.ra.se/ra/medeltid/pdf/2400.pdf
daan ioonson Latin, 1342 SDHK-nr:4756 http://www.nad.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=4756 http://fmpro.ra.se/ra/medeltid/pdf/4756.pdf
daan bogh Swedish, 1365 SDHK-nr: 8651 http://www.nad.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=8651 http://fmpro.ra.se/ra/medeltid/pdf/8651.pdf
Daan i Stomøghe Swedish, 1400 SDHK-nr: 15642 http://www.nad.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=15642 http://fmpro.ra.se/ra/medeltid/pdf/15642.pdf
Daan i Skaghastadhum Swedish, 1400 SDHK-nr: 15995 http://www.nad.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=15995 http://fmpro.ra.se/ra/medeltid/pdf/15995.pdf
Daan i Skagestaden Swedish, 1405 SDHK-nr:16480 http://www.nad.riksarkivet.se/SDHK?EndastDigitaliserat=false&SDHK=16480 http://fmpro.ra.se/ra/medeltid/pdf/16480.pdf
21: Lavina Attewode - New Name Forwarded and New Device Returned
Purpure, a unicorn rampant tail nowed argent crined and gorged with a collar and chain Or and a bordure vert.
Lavina is found s.n. Lavina dated to 1203 and 1337 in "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html).
Attewode appears s.n. Attwood dated to 1243 in Reaney & Wilson.
This device places a green ordinary on a purple field, which does not have good contrast. This device must be returned for violating the contrast requirements of SENA A.3.B.
22: Marguerite de Gui - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Azure, a daisy proper and in base a spring of mistletoe fesswise reversed Or.
Marguerite appears as a female given name in "Names from a 1587 Tax Roll from Provins" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/provins1587.html).
de Gui appears as a Spanish byname in the IGI Parish Records Extracts:
Maria De Jostun De Gui Female Christening San Juan Batista, Huarte Araquil, Navarra, Spain Batch: C89622-1French and Iberian (which includes Spanish) can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.
Joan Rafell Monserrat De Gui Male Christening 21 Apr 1562 Castello de Ampurias, Gerona, Spain Batch: C89169-1
Joanes De Barren De Gui Male Marriage 10 Mar 1641 San Juan Bautista, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain Batch: M89331-5
Gunnvor Orle pointed out that the mistletoe is properly fesswise reversed because the "business end" of a plant fesswise generally defaults to dexter. I have made that correction.
23: Marion MacKinnon - New Name Forward and New Device Returned
Azure, a hurst of larches erased proper and in chief a decrescent between an arrow and an arrow reversed argent.
Marion is a female given name found in "A List of Feminine Personal Names Found in Scottish Records" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/scottishfem.html) with this spelling dated to 1471, 1575 and 1618.
MacKinnon is an undated header in Black, s.n. MacKinnon. Dated spellings include Makkynnon (1536), Mackiynnann (1545), and Makkynine (1506). In addition, the July 2012 LoAR states "Louisa Mackinnon was buried in 1618 in Scotland. There are examples of Scots bynames with varied capitalization: bynames starting with Mac appear with the following element either lowercase or with an initial capital. Therefore, this is evidence for MacKinnon as well as Mackinnon." [Briana MacKinnon, 7/2012 LoAR, A-East].
The submitter requested that the trees be blazoned as "tamarack trees" and asserted that tamarack trees are known in Northern Europe and turn gold in the fall. Tamarack appears to be the North American word for the European larch (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larix_decidua), which is described as follows: "The leaves are needle-like, light green, 2-4 cm long which turn bright yellow before they fall in the autumn, leaving the pale yellow-buff shoots bare until the next spring." I have changed the blazon to refer to the trees as "larches" but assistance in documenting the term "tamarack" to Europe in period would be appreciated.
Commenters are asked to address whether the need to blazon the arrows individually violates the Unity of Posture requirement of SENA, requiring a return of this device.
This device must be returned because the different orientations of the arrows violates SENA A.3.D.2(c), Unity of Posture and Orientation, which states: "The charges within a charge group should be in either identical postures/orientations or an arrangement that includes posture/orientation (in cross, combatant, or in pall points outward, for example). A charge group in which postures for different charges must be blazoned individually will not be allowed without period examples of that combination of postures."
For resubmission, the submitter should be aware that commenters were unable to document tamarack trees as a type of tree found in Europe; it appears to be entirely a New World type. However, the submitter likely can obtain the desired visual by blazoning the trees as a hurst of pine trees erased Or trunked proper.
24: Marion MacKinnon - New Badge Forwarded
(Fieldless) A sprig of blackberries in bend sinister reversed vert fructed sable.
Gunnvor Orle provided evidence of sprigs of blackberries in period armory:
Moro: Bendy azure and argent, on a chief argent three blackberries sable, stems to chief. 1550-1555 Insignia Veneta [BSB-Hss Cod.icon. 274] (http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001421/image_125), 1550-1555 Insignia Venetorum Nobilium [BSB-Hss Cod.icon. 273] (http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/bsb00001420/image_95)I have modified the blazon to specify the tincture of the berries and the orientation of the spring.
Jan Torsay (011r): Argent, an escutcheon gules and in canton a blackberry slipped, stem to base, vert. c.1400 Wapenboek Bayeren, Netherlands (http://www.kb.nl/bladerboek/wapenboek/browse/book.html)
118v: Sable, three blackberries, stems to chief, argent. 15th c. Armorial de Gilles Le Bouvier, FRANCAIS 4985 (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/Stars/15th_c._Armorial_de_Gilles_Le_Bouvier_MSS_FRANCAIS_4985.htm)
312: Per fess argent and sable, a blackberry gules. 1548 Wappenbuch der Arlberg-Bruderschaft (http://bilderserver.at/wappenbuecher/VirgilRaberEXAv2_52z2/)
25: Matthäus Kettner - Resub Device Forwarded
Argent, a chevron azure surmounted by a brown weasel proper rampant regardant proper and in chief two larkspur flowers azure.
The submitter's name appears as submitted on the East's Dec. 2012 xLoI. His original device submission was pended on the East's 6 December 2012 LoD due to the unrecognizability of the larkspur flowers. Since the identification of flowers as larkspur was important to the submitter, he opted for re-drawing rather than re-blazoning the flowers as drawn. The redrawn device is based on the images of larkspur found in Gerard's Herball, a period treatise on herbs and plants:
White Larkes spur: http://caliban.mpiz-koeln.mpg.de/gerarde/high/IMG_0961.html
Commenters agreed that the redrawn plant is identifiably larkspur.
Red Larkes spur: http://caliban.mpiz-koeln.mpg.de/gerarde/high/IMG_0200.html
26: Mikhail Vladimirov Tatarin - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Gules, a stag passant maintaining a sword Or and a bordure Or semy of torteaux.
All name elements come from "Russian Names Database" by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/).
Mikhail is a masculine given name appearing s.n. Mikhail with an earliest date of 1262-3. (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/mi.html).
Vladimirov is a patronymic formed from the given name Vladimir, which is found s.n. Vladimir with an earliest date of 1053. (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/vl-y.html). The patronymic is formed based on the rules of construction set out in Wickenden's grammar section. (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/zgrammar.html).
Tatarin is a decriptive byname meaning "of the Tatars" found s.n. Tatarin with an earliest date of 1495 (http://heraldry.sca.org/paul/t-u.html).
I added an additional Or to the blazon to specify that the stag and sword are Or rather than Or semy of torteaux.
27: Nathanael d'Outre-Mer - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Sable, a cross potent and on a chief argent a mullet of four points azure between two crosses potent sable.
Nathanael - Nathanael Delagrange d'Aubenas appears in a roll written in French in 1608 on p. 114 of "Le Livre du Recteur de l'Académie de Genève (1559-1878)" by Suzanne Stelling-Michaud (Librarie Droz 1980) (http://books.google.com/books?id=vOjuqbCi9g0C).
d'Outre-Mer appears as a byname in "Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf).
28: Peternella von Mümpf - Resub Device Forwarded
Azure, on a chevron between three oak leaves argent, three larkspur flowers azure.
The submitter's name appears as submitted on the East's Dec. 2012 xLoI. Her original device submission was pended on the East's 6 December 2012 LoD due to the unrecognizability of the larkspur flowers. Since the identification of flowers as larkspur was important to the submitter, she opted for re-drawing rather than re-blazoning the flowers as drawn. The redrawn device is based on the images of larkspur found in Gerard's Herball, a period treatise on herbs and plants:
White Larkes spur: http://caliban.mpiz-koeln.mpg.de/gerarde/high/IMG_0961.html
Commenters agreed that the redrawn plant is identifiably larkspur.
Red Larkes spur: http://caliban.mpiz-koeln.mpg.de/gerarde/high/IMG_0200.html
29: Svoi Ivanov - Resub Device Forwarded
Gules, on a chief triangular argent a bear's head issuant from the line of division sable.
Svoi's original device submission was returned for a redraw on the November 2012 LoAR with the following explanation:
"This device is returned for redraw, for violating SENA A2C2 which states "Elements must be drawn to be identifiable." Commenters could not reliably identify this as a bear; the pointed ears led many to identify it as a wolf or other canine. As bears are substantially different from dogs, we opted to return this for redraw instead of reblazoning it as a wolf's head.
The submitter has made the neck of the bear thicker and rounded its ears in an attempt to make it look more like a bear's head.
Commenters agreed that the redrawn bear's head is identifiable as a bear.
30: Teodoro de Castello - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Per pale Or and sable, a chess rook counterchanged.
Teodoro is a masculine given name found in "Italian Names from the Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/italian/tratte/) among the names occurring five times.
de Castello is found in "Surnames from a 16th-Century Italian Armorial," by Coblaith Muimnech (http://www.coblaith.net/Names/ItSur/CAS.html).
This device is clear of Wulfstan Egweald (Feb. 2009, Atlantia): Per pale Or and sable, a tower between two fleurs-de-lys counterchanged. By precedent, there is substantial difference between a tower and a properly drawn chess rook, such as the rook in this device. [William fitzBubba, 12/01, A-East]. In addition, there is a DC for removing the secondary charge group.
31: Wilhelm Gronberger - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Sable, a sun in splendor and on a chief Or three hearts sable.
Wilhelm is a masculine given name found in "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/nurnberg1497.html).
Gronberger is a surname found in "German Names from 1495," by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/surnames1495a-g.html).
32: Yzabel de Perches - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded
Per fess azure and gules chevronelly Or, in chief a fleur-de-lys Or.
Yzabel is found in "Names from Lallaing 1384 - 1600" by Domhnall na Moicheirghe (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/lallaing/lallaing_names_feminine_given.html) s.n. Ysabel dated to 1441.
de Perche - The submitter provided no documentation for this element except to state that Perche was a county in France created in 1115. Eastern Crown notes that the byname de Perches is found in "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael dated to 1421 (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423surnames.html). Assistance is requested finding the submitted spelling.
Commenters should take note of the following precedent from the November 2010 LoAR:
François Souris. Badge for Compagnie de la Souris. Gules, in fess a mouse rampant and two pallets Or.Here, the same problem seems to exist: the fleur-de-lys and the chevronels are co-primary charges. Commenters are asked for assistance in finding period evidence for this or a similar design in order to avoid a return of the device.
This badge is returned for violating the following precedent:
In this submission the chevron inverted and the tree can only be interpreted as co-primary charges, as they are of approximately equal visual weight and neither occupies the center of the shield. This combination of ordinary with non-ordinary charge in a single charge group produces an unbalanced design. Without period evidence for such a design, it is not registerable. [Issobell nic Gilbert, April 2005, R-Caid]
The same issue applies here - the pallets and the mouse can only be interpreted as co-primary charges.
Commenters were unable to find the submitted de Perche. Aryanhwy Albion pointed out that her "Index of Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf) has both du Perche and Perche. Although I have contacted the submitter to determine which of the documented forms she would prefer, she has not responded and I prefer not to hold up the LoD any longer. I have changed the byname to de Perches, which represents the least change in pronunciation.
With respect to the device, commenters noted that three chevronels is considered the equivalent of chevronelly. Since a style problem can be cured by changing the blazon, I have reblazoned this device as Per fess azure and chevronelly gules and Or, in chief a fleur-de-lys Or instead of Per fess azure and gules, in pale a fleur de lys and three chevronels Or.
In addition, Aryanhwy Albion provided evidence of a device found in Siebmacher with a per fess field with pallets in only one half of the field: Per fess Or and argent, a willow tree proper and two pallets gules, von Salis (204). Based on this evidence and on the re-blazon, I am forwarding this device for further commentary and analysis.