October 19th 2004
Unto the East Kingdom College of Heralds and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Eldrich Gaiman, Eastern Crown Herald!
This LoD contains decisions based on the ILoI issued on September 1st, 2004 and has 51 numbered items. Commentary was received from: Arval Benicoeur, Meradudd Cethin, Knut, Yosef Alaric, Maria, Aceline Barrett, Kat'ryna Neblaga Volchkova, Adhemar de Villarquamada, Gisela vom Kreuzbach, Alys MacIntosh, Aryanhwy merch Catmael, Elias Gedney, Sabine Berard, Michel Wolffauer, Athenais Bryenniss, Cateline la souriete, Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Tanzos Istvan, and Ailis Linne. Many of the additional notes were provided by these kind people.
Tremendous thanks for all your comments and for putting up with the ill-fated conspiracy between my new office and some mundane hindrances!
Eldrich Eastern Crown
1 Adelasia della Corte (F) - new name forwarded
'Adelasia' 'Feminine Given Names from 13th C Perugia' by Arval Benicoeur, taken from a 1285 tax roll. Eight instances noted. 'della Corte' de Felice Cognomi s.n. Corte dates the name to the High Middle Ages, with some specific forms in Latin dated to 11th century Genoa and Florence. This is one of the listed variants.
This name has been corrected. It appeared as 'Adelasia della Carte' on the original ILoI, which was a transcription error.
'Feminine Given Names from 13th C Perugia' by Arval Benicoeur is found at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/perugia/perugiaFemAlpha.html, and the name is indeed found there.
'della Corte' is found as a surname in the 'Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532' at http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/doc/SURNAM1.html.
2 Adolphus Benner (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per pale azure and Or, a rose counterchanged.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Adolphus' Bahlow header 'Adolf(f)' shows Latin 'Hinricus Adolfi' which would delinite to be 'Adolphus'. 'Benner' header in Bahlow dated to 1432.
'Adolfus' is dated to 1315 in Talan Gwynek's 'Medieval German Given Names from Silesia' http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm. While this is not the exact spelling desired, German regularly switches 'ph', 'f' and 'ff': the same document gives 'Christoff' 1435, 1488, 1596; 'Christoph' 1351, 1480; and 'Cristof' 1454. Also 'Steffan' 1345-1508 and 'Stephan' 1387-1405.
A potential conflict was noted during commentary against the badge of Tangwystyl verch Rhiwallon Ogwr (October 2000 via An Tir): (Fieldless) A Double rose per pale azure and Or. The submitted arms are clear of conflict from this badge, receiving one CD for being fielded versus fieldless armory (RfS X.4.a.iii.) and another for difference of tincture of the primary charge (RfS X.4.d.).
3 Aidan Sacheverell Hyde (M) - new name forwarded
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Aidan' OCM s.n. Aedán pg. 13-14, relatively common name in early Ireland; 21 saints, most famous sent to Christianize northern England. Found a monastery in Lindisfarme, commonly Anglicized Ardan. 'Sacheverell' Reaney & Wilson s.n. Sacheverell, William Sacheverell pg. 388 Nicholas Saucheverel 1247-8 and John Saucheverell 1456. 'Hyde' R&W s.n. Hide pg. 231. de la Hyda 1188, atte Hyde 1296, of then hyde 1299 Name in the form of 'given''inherited surname''locative'. The submitter will accept 'atte Hyde' if necessary.
4 Alex of Wolfdale (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Sable, three phoenixes and on a chief Or three torteaux.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Alec' is listed as a shortened form of Alexander (s.n. Alexander) in Withycombe. 'Wolfdale Constructed placename using 'wolf-' and '-dale'. 'wolf' is listed in A Dictionary of English Placenames, in the Glossary of Common Elements in the back of the book. '-dale', Ibid. s.n. Ravendale
The name has been changed from the submitted 'Alec of Wolfdale'.
Withycombe does not date 'Alec' in its entry in Alexander. The closest form commenters have been able to find is 'Alex', dated to 1547 in Julian Goodwyn's 'Brass Enscription Index' at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/.
A Dictionary of English Placenames is by Mills, and what's listed in the Glossary of Common Elements in the back is 'wulf' not 'wolf'.
'Ravendale' is dated to 1086 as 'Ravenedal' in the same source and glossed as 'valley frequented by ravens'. Ekwall dates 'Wolfalcrag' to c. 1350 s.n. 'Wolfhole Crag' and says "Wolfhole seems to be OE Wulf-halh wolves' halh or valley". Ibid. s.n. 'Ravendale' cites 'Westravendale' dated to 1219.
5 Alejandra Maria de Granada (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Paly Or and azure, an orle of pomegranates gules slipped and leaved vert.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Alejandra' feminine form of Alejandro/Alejandre. Diez Melcón, pg. 54, s.n. Alexander notes a Estevan Alexandre in 1128, under section on genitive forms. This is standard modern form. 'Maria' Diez Melcón, pg. 91, s.n. Maria dates Oro Maria to 1179. 'Granada' city in southern Spain. Diez Melcón, pg. 276, s.n. Granada lists Marie Granada in 1259. While this is used as a descriptive the location is also okay
There were some concerns raised regarding potential presumptuous combination of the locative byname combined with the allusion to the paly arms of Aragon (Or, four palets gules.) and the pomegranate of Granada (Argent, a pomegranate slipped and leaved vert seeded gules.). The matter deserves consideration with the benefit of full CoA commentary.
6 Alejandra Maria de Granada (F) - new badge forwarded
[Fieldless] A pomegranate azure slipped and leaved vert.
There were some concerns raised regarding potential presumptuous combination of the locative byname combined with the allusion to the pomegranate of Granada (Argent, a pomegranate slipped and leaved vert seeded gules.). The matter deserves consideration with the benefit of full CoA commentary.
7 Alexander Makcristyne (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Azure, a fess checky Or and gules between three Danish axes Or.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Makcristyne' dated to 1459 in Black, s.n. Maccristie, pg. 481. John Makcristyne was bailie of Wigtown. 'Alexander' '13th & 14th Century Scottish Names' by Symon Freser of Lovat. http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/symonFreser/scottish14/
8 Alexander Makcristyne - new badge forwarded
Sable, on a cross nowy argent a wolf's head cabossed gules, in dexter chief two axes in saltire addorsed Or.
9 Andrew Blake (M) - new name returned
Andrew' Reaney & Wilson dates a Richard Andrew to 1317; Withycombe dates to 12th Century 'Blake' Reaney & Wilson dates Walter leBlake to 1167.
This name conflicts with Andrew the Black (March 1980 via the West) soliciting no recognizable difference for the removal of the article 'the'(RfS V.1.a.ii.) and being otherwise too similar in sound and appearance (RfS V.1.a.).
10 Andrew Mariner (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Argent, two billhooks in saltire sable, a chief doubly enarched vert.
Andrew' Withycombe header spelling. 'Mariner' R&W header spelling.
'Andrew' is a header spelling in Withycombe, which says "From the 12th C it became a general favourite...".
'Mariner' is a header spelling in Reaney & Wilson with dated spellings as follows: 'Hugo le marinier' 1197, 'Ace Meriner' 1211-23, 'Ivo le Mariner' 1228, Peter le Marner' 1327.
11 Anne Whyte (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Argent, a chevron vert, overall a tree blasted and eradicated sable.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Anne' Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames; Bardsley; pg. 41; s.n. Adnam records the marriage of Robert Kychell and Anne Adman in 1574-5. 'Whyte' Surnames in Durham and Northumberland; 1521-1615; http://www.yucs.org/~jules/names/parish/surnames_wy.html dates Whyte to DSO 1575. Submitter will allow spelling changes except to 'Ann' & 'White'.
Julian Goodwyn's 'Brass Enscription Index' at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/men.html dates 'Whyte' to 1419.
12 Arielle Makcristyne (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Vert, an increscent and decrescent and a roundel Or.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Arielle' LOAR April 1997 s.n. Arielle the Golden, says in part: 'The name Ariel is found in the Bible, in Ezra, as the name of a male leader.' 'Makcristyne' Black dates John Makcristyne to 1459, as bailie of Wigtown. s.n. Maccristie pg. 481
13 Artemas le Beau (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Argent, in canton an owl contourny vert.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Artemius' Morlet, Les Noms de Personne sur le territoire de l'Ancienne Gaule du VI au XII siecle, sn Artemius, dated 579 & 581, as a masc name. 'LeBeau' French descriptive meaning 'the handsome', Dictionnaire Etymologique des Noms de Famille, pg. 604, sn Lebeau. 'var. anc. on region. (est) lebel, formes allereras Lebeau, lebeault, voir Beau' ibid, pg. 87, sn Beau. 'forme anc. Bel. var. region, Biaud' (etc) 'Beau a ete employe comme epithete pour former des composes dwant des noms de bapteme, des noms d'origine, des noms de metiers, et des sobriquets' Translation: 'Beau was used as an epithet for forming compounds (before?)(prefixes?) of baptismal names, locative names, tradenames, & nicknames.' *Submitter will accept Artemius, but would greatly prefer some form of Artemis--submitted Artemis, but will also accept Artemus or Artemas.
The name has been changed from 'Artimius Le Beau' in order to match a documented form and to better satisfy the submitter's desire.
'Artemas' is found in the Bible, Book of Titus 3:12:
"When I send Artemas to you, or Tychicus, be diligent to come to me at Nicopolis, for I have decided to spend the winter there."
Dauzat's Noms de Famille de France reads on p189 under 'sorbriquets', "Les expressions générales de beauté et de laideur sont founries d'abord par Beau-bel, qui, au Nort, s'accompagne généralement de l'article; la forme archaïque 'Lebel' est un peu plus fréquente que 'Lebeau'." Translated, it reads, "The general expressions of beauty and ugliness are found in 'Beau' and 'bel', which in the north are generally accompanied by the article. The antiquated form 'Lebel' is a little more frequent than 'Lebeau'."
14 Ásmundr vápni - new device forwarded
Per saltire vert and sable, a bear and a wolf combatant argent.
Name sent to Laurel on the East's November 2003 XLoI, which was decided in May 2004 but not yet published.
15 Banbagnas Damagnas (M) - new name forwarded
Submitter will allow only minor changes. Summary of The Academy of St. Gabriel letter #1735: 'Banbagnas' constructed from root of the name 'Banbán', being 'Banb-', plus early diminutive suffix '-agnos' 'Damagnas' constructed as a descriptive byname based on the root of the descriptive byname 'Damán', being 'Dam-', plus the same suffix as used in the surname.
To elaborate on the Academy of St. Gabriel letter located at http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/1735.txt: The name is intended to be Oghamic Irish (i.e. pre-7th century). 'Banbagnas' is a reconstruction of the probable Oghamic ancestor of the Old Irish name 'Banbán'. In Old Irish, 'Banbán' was etymologically 'banb' ("pig") plus the diminutive suffix '-án'. There is reason to believe that 'banb' existed in the same form in Oghamic Irish, and we know from other names that the Oghamic precursor of '-án' was '-agnos'; hence 'Banbagnas'. 'Damagnas' is constructed similarly by analogy to the Old Irish word 'damán' ("calf").
16 Bartolo Vannicelli (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Argent, a bend sable between a dragon and a pine tree vert.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. Both parts are from the Online Catasto of Florence in 1427 ( http://www.panix.com/~mittle/names/ferrante/catasto ). 'Bartolo' is the 10th most common in the 'father's name' field 'Vannicelli' occurs once in the 'family name' field.
These arms are clear of Adeleva de Isla Tortuga (September 1998 via the Outlands): Argent, a bend sable between two turtles vert, having one CD for changing the type of secondary charges (RfS X.4.e.) and one CD for changing the posture of half of the secondary charge group (RfS X.4.h.).
The submitted arms are also clear of Ingrid von Baumgarten (July 1980 via the East): Argent, a bend sable between a garden rose gules, slipped and leaved vert, and a sycamore tree eradicated proper. [Acer pseudoplatanus], having one CD for changing the type of both secondary charges (RfS X.4.e.) and one CD for changing at least half of the tincture of the secondary charge group (RfS X.4.d.).
17 Bianca Grazia Volpe (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per pale sable and vert all mullety, a fox's mask argent.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Bianca' listed in '14th Century venetion Personal Names' by Arval Benicoeur & Talan Gwynek. 'Grazia' listed in deFelice - Dei Nomi Italiani. 'Volpe' listed in de Felice - Dei cognomi Italiani.
'Bianca' is found in is 'Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names' by Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/.
'Grazia' is found in Arval Benicoeur's 'Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427' at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/.
'Volpe' is in De Felice's Cognomi but is again undated. Fortunately it is found in Ferrante LaVolpe's 'Italian Renaissance Men's Names' at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/family_names.html dated to 1427-1429.
Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's article 'Italian Men's Names in Rome, 1473-1484' at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/Studium/GivenFreq.html gives seven examples of double given names out of 163 total names.
18 Brannat Dub - new device forwarded
Per pale argent and gules, a raven sable and in dexter chief a mullet azure.
This name was registered in August of 1996 (via the East).
19 Brannait inghean ui Grìoghair (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Purpure, on a bend nebuly argent between two griffins combattant argent three increscents palewise purpure.
Brannat' Josh Mittleman's 'Concerning the names Brianna, Branna, Brenna, and Brenda' from the Problem Names Index as a plausible construction. 'inghean ui' meaning 'descendant of' 'Grìoghair' linited form of 'Gregor'. MacGriogair is header in Woulfe's 'Irish Names and Surnames'.
The name has been changed from the submitted 'Brannat inghean ui Grìoghair' in order to better conform to the available documentation.
'Brannat' is listed as a pre-1200 Gaelic spelling in Josh Mittleman's article, 'Concerning the names Brianna, Branna, Brenna, and Brenda' from the Problem Names Index at http://www.medievalscotland.org/problem/names/brianna.shtml. The post-1200 spelling is listed as 'Brannait'.
'Mac Greagair' is a header in Woulfe but no dated forms are given. Black s.n. 'MacGregor' gives 'M'Gregare' 1500 and 'M'Gregur' 1600.
The blazon has been simplified from, "Purpure, on a bend nebuly argent between a griffin segreant and a griffin segreant contourny argent three increscents palewise purpure".
20 Bronwen Mariner (F) - new name forwarded & new device returned
Argent, a chevron sable between three clovers vert.
Bronwen' Griffudd, Welsh Names for Children, 1980, pg. 17. Withycombe header spelling. 'Mariner' R&W header spelling.
'Bronwen' was declared to be SCA-compatible by Da'ud ibn Auda in 1995, occurs 54 times in the SCA ordinary, and was last registered in December of 2003 (Bronwen ferch Lloid, via Calontir).
'Mariner' is a header spelling in Reaney & Wilson with dated spellings as follows: 'Hugo le marinier' 1197, 'Ace Meriner' 1211-23, 'Ivo le Mariner' 1228, Peter le Marner' 1327.
The submitted device conflicts with Moire nic Greagair (August 1999 via the East): Argent, a chevron sable between two oak trees eradicated and a thistle proper. There is only one CD granted for the change of type of the secondary charges (RfS X.4.e.)
21 Ceinwen Wen (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Argent crusilly, a lotus blossom in profile azure.
All docs taken from Complete Anachronist #66, 'A Welsh Miscellany' by Heather Rose Jones. Pattern is 'given''descriptive' as shown on pg. 29 to have been used in the 13th century. 'Ceinwen' under 'Women's Names' pg. 31. 'Gwyn' under 'Welsh Bynames: of Coloring' pg. 32 'white, fair'.
The name was originally submitted as 'Ceinwen Gwyn', but the surname becomes 'Wen' when feminized and placed after a feminine given name (also from 'Complete Anachronist' #66, 'A Welsh Miscellany' by Heather Rose Jones).
22 Ciana daVizzi (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Vert, on a bend Or three annulets vert, a chief Or.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. Both elements from Online Catasto of 1427 http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/catasto
The name 'Ciana Ruggieri' is found in the Online Catasto of 1427 at http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/catasto/.
Seven examples of the family name 'daVizzi' are found in the family names section of the same publication at http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/catasto/newsearch/family_names.html.
23 Colin mac Evan mec Lachlainn (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per pale vert and azure, three boars rampant Or.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Colin' masc Scots given name. 'Colin filius Gilglas' dated to 1284-90. Black, pg. 161 s.n. Colic. 'mac' 'son' Gaelic 'A Simple Guide to Constructing 12th Century Scottish Gaelic Names' Sharon L Kiossa. 'Evan' masc given name 'in use in the thirteenth century'. OC&M, pg. 88 s.n. Eoin. 'mec' 'of son' genitive form of 'mac'. 'Simple Guide' ibid. 'Lachlainn' masc given name, genitive form of 'Lachlan'; 'Lochlainn Mac Lochlainn' dated to 1066, 'Gileskel McLachlan' to 1292, 'Gillaspy MacLachian' to 1308. Black, pg. 410 s.n. Lachlan. *Submitter wants name that sounds like this; doesn't care about exact spelling or Scots/Gaelic mix.
Black's Surnames of Scotland s.n. 'Colin' reads:
Colin G. Cailean, MB Callane (Dean of Lismore), Cailin (1467 ms), Colinus (Latin, 1292), This is a person name more or less peculiar to the Campbells, the chief being always in G. MacCailein. the name has no connection with English and continental Colin (from Nicholas), and it appears, as Dr. Macbain pointed out, to be derived from a dialect form of Cailean prevalent in Menteith and Perthshire in the 13th century. 'It is hence the Campbells brought it'. Colanus Mcgilcungull witnesses a charter by Ferkar, earl of Ross, c. 1224-31 (REM., p 334) and Colyn, ostiarius, witnessed a charter by Alan Ostiarius, earl of Atholl, 1232-33 (RAA., I, p 91). Colin filius Gilglas (Gilleglas or Gylleglasse) witnessed Atholl charters between 1284-90 (LIM, XXXVI; REM, p 466-467; Athole, p 705). Colin de Londermer was a charter witness in 1261 (REA II, p 275) and Kolinus filius Anegus, sutor, did homage to the prior and convent of St. Andrews at Dull in Atholl, 1364 (RPSA, p 349). Cf. CULEN, Collen 1646 (2) A double dimunitive of Nicholas.
Black also lists under 'Colinson':
'son of Colin', q.v. Adam Colini and John filius Colini in Aberdeen weer accused in 1402 of being forestallers (CRA p 383) Willelmus Colini, bailie of Montrose in 1431 (REB II 36), is most probably the William Colynson, merchant of Montrose, who had a safe conduct into England for two years in 1439 (Bain, IV, 1124). Willelmus Colini appears in Brechin in 1435 (REB, I, 79), David Colini was burgess of Arbroath in 1541 (RAA II 92) and Fergus Colini was erctor of Kirkbryd in 1472 (REG, p 420).
OCM s.n. 'Eoin' does not mention 'Evan' at all. Black s.n. 'MacEwan' dates 'M'Evine' to 1528 in Scotland. 'Evan' is found in Wales in the 16th century (Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's 'A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts)', at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/welsh16.html. Combining Gaelic and Welsh in a single name element (mac Evan) is cause for return, but Evan could possibly be justified as a Scottish name from the Black cite. Better far would be 'Ewen' which is dated in Black s.n. 'Ewan' to the reign of Alexander II, who died in 1249.
'Lachlainn' appears in Black as cited above, but appears under 'MacLachlan' p. 533.
Sharon L. Krossa's 'A Simple Guide to Constructing 12th Century Scottish Gaelic Names' can be found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/simplescotgaelicnames12.htm, and it does support the proposed construction.
24 Constance de Saint Denis - change device forwarded
Per pale azure and argent, a bordure embattled counterchanged.
The submitter wishes to retain her old device as a badge.
This name was registered in June of 2000 (via the East) along with the original device, Azure, a unicorn rampant and on a chief argent three eagles displayed azure.
25 Cristiania le Fey (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per chevron inverted vert and purpure, a griffin dormant Or tail raised and a compass star argent.
Cristiania' 'A Statistical Survey of Given Names in Essex Co. 1182-1242, Top 20 Women's Names' shows exact spelling. 'Fey' Morlet pg. 409 under 'Fey' shows various orthography 'the Fey' diminutive of 'Feroy'
The article 'A Statistical Survey of Given Names in Essex Co. 1182-1242, Top 20 Women's Names' by Nicolaa de Bracton can be found at http://members.tripod.com/nicolaa5/articles/women.html. It does contain the desired spelling.
Reaney & Wilson date 'Margaret le Fey' to 1332 under the header 'Fay'.
The blazon has been corrected. It was originally submitted as Per chevron inverted vert and purpure, a griffin dormant Or and a compass star argent.
26 Cristiania le Fey - new badge forwarded
Sable, an escarbuncle of feathers within an chaplet graminy argent.
The submitted device may conflict with Clovia Lumi (January 1973): Sable, a snowflake argent, or with Cristobal degli Glicine che Mangia Uome (March 1978): Sable, a peacock in his pride argent perched within a flowering wisteria wreath proper [Wisteria sinensis]. Though most wisteria are lavender, there is a white-blooming variety.
27 Damiana Illaria d'Oneda (F) - new name forwarded & new device returned
Per fess wavy argent and azure, three mullets of six points and a swan naiant counterchanged.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Damiana' used throughout Italy, mainly in the south. S.n. Damiano, de Felice, Dizionario dei Nomi Italiani. 'Illaria' used throughout Italy, esp in Tuscany. De Felice as above s.n. Ilario. Illario is listed as a variant. 'Doneda' byname common in high Lombardy and Milan. deFelice, Dizinario dei Cognomi Italiani, s.n. Doneda.
The name has been changed from 'Damiana Illaria Doneda' in order to better reflect documented forms of the locative byname.
Each element appears in de Felice as undated.
'Damianus' appears in Juliana de Luna's 'Masculine Names from Thirteenth Century Pisa' at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/pisa/ and 'Damiano' appears in the 'Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532' at http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/. Damiana seems to be a reasonable feminization.
'Ilario' is in the 'Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532' http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/. A 6th century Welsh St. Elerius appears in the Saints' Index at http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=3076. These are the closest commenters could find to the desired given name 'Illaria'.
Under the header 'Doneda', de Felice derives the name from the older locative 'd'Oneda'. As this is the more archaic form of the modern name, it is more likely to be a plausible period form of this locative.
The submitted device conflicts with Irina Vassillissa Gregorovna (August 1979 via the East): Per fess indented argent and azure, in chief three mullets of eight points and in base a mouse statant counterchanged, receiving no CDs for difference. The change of type between the mouse and the swan is insignificant, being a change of only one of four primary charges. The change of style of partition between wavy and indented is also insignificant as per the following precedent (LoAR April 1988):
"William the Navigator. Device. Per fess indented argent and azure, two dolphins naiant per fess in annulo counterchanged. In this case, we had to agree that it was doubtful whether a full point of difference should be granted for the difference between the partition line indented and the wavy of Theron de Chenay ("Per fess wavy argent and azure, five bottle-nosed dolphins embowed in annulo counterchanged."). Certainly, a comparison of the emblazons suggests a visual conflict."
28 Deirdre ingen Cholmáin (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per pale azure and vert, on a pale between two birds volant respectant argent three frets couped sable.
Deirdre' has been declared SCA compatible (O'C&M pg. 71-72, legendary figure); given that the submitter has been using this name for a decade, she is reluctant to try changing now. 'Colman' found in O'C&M pg. 55, where it says it's 'the 14th most popular male name in early Ireland.' Also in 'Index of Names in Irish Annals: Masculine given names 801-900 & 901-1000.' 'inghean' meaning 'daughter of'; Please fix our grammer if needed.
The name has been changed from 'Deirdre inghean Colmain' in order to correctly place the surname in the genitive case.
'Deirdre' was ruled to be SCA-compatible in March of 1998.
The 'Index of Names in Irish Annals' was written by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan and is located at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/index.html.
The blazon has been corrected from Per pale azure and vert, on a pale between two doves volant respectant argent three frets couped sable'. As depicted, the birds lack any of the features that distinguish them as heraldic doves as apposed to generic birds.
29 Ding Li Ying - resub device forwarded
Azure, a bend sinister Or cotised between two lotus flowers in profile argent.
The submitter's name was accepted on the Eastern December 2002 Internal Letter of Intent and was ruled on by Laurel in May 2004. The results have not yet been published.
The submitter's original armory submission, Or, on a pile azure a lotus flower affronty argent, was returned on the April 2002 Internal Letter of Intent for being unblazonable and for conflict with the Emperor of Japan: Fieldless, a chrysanthemum. The submitted device successfully addresses both problems.
The submitter's next attempt, Or, between three points pointy, on three piles in point azure, a lotus flower affronty argent, was returned on the November 2003 Internal Letter of Intent for being unblazonable, having improper contrast of an overall charge, and the use of three points. The submitted device successfully addresses all of these problems.
30 Domenego Paladin Triestino (M) - new name forwarded
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Domenego' venetian form of 'Domenico' masc Italian given name. 'Domenico' is found in 'Italian Given Names From the Online Traite of Office Holders 1282-1532' by Aryanwhy merch Catmael. 'Paladin' masc. Italian given name, used as a double given name. 'Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names' by Arval Benicoeur & Talan Gwynek. 'Tiestino' 'man from Trieste'. No direct doc found, but submitter received email from The Academy of St. Gabriel saying that it is the correct form. Submitter will accept 'Domenico' if necessary, but wants 'domenego' if possible. Will accept a different form of the locative (such as deTrieste) but greatly prefers submitted form. Does not want 'Paladin' changed to family name 'Paladini' form.
'Domenego' in Talan Gwynek's '15th Century Italian Men's Names' http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/italian15m.html.
'Paladin' is found in Arval Benicoeur's and Talan Gwynek's 'Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names' at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/
31 Draco LeBlanc - new device forwarded
Per bend vert and sable, dragon displayed and a bordure argent.
This name and the device Per bend azure and sable, a dragon displayed argent appeared on the September 2003 Eastern ILoI. The name was forwarded to Laurel and is scheduled for decision this month. The device was returned at kingdom for conflict with Artus Falconieri (December 1992 via Atlantia): Quarterly pean and purpure, a wyvern displayed argent. The new submitted armory clears that conflict.
32 Dunchad MacGrioghair (M) - new name forwarded & new device returned
Azure, a pale between two lions combattant argent.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Dunchad' Dunchad mac mec Bead mec Hidid 1150; Black s.n. Duncan 'MacGrioghair' Black, s.n. MacGregor shows M' Gregare 1500, McGrigour 1586, M'Gregur 1600
The device conflicts with Lindanloren Droxeen (August 1979): Azure, a pale endorsed to dexter, to sinister a crescent, all argent, receiving only a single CD for the change in type of the secondary charge group (RfS X.4.e.).
33 Echna dalta Óengusa (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Azure, a horse courant contourny between three triquetra argent.
Submitter is willing to accept the suggested name Echrad. Summary of The Academy of St. Gabriel letter #938: 'Echna' name of a female character in the Finn cycle of Irish legend. Also spelled 'Echnach'. While the name is not recorded as ever being used by any real person, the elements of the name were. The similar name 'Echrad' was in use in the 10th century. Summary of The Academy of St. Gabriel letter #2807: 'dalta' means 'foster child' and was found in masculine examples from 6th, 9th, and 10th centuries. 'Óengusa' the appropriate genitive spelling for a 10th century patronymic of the name 'Óengus'.
34 Elizabeth ingen Tairdelbach (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Argent, a chevron vert and overall a lion pean maintaining a garb Or.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Elizabeth' from Woulfe pg. 210 first came into Ireland as Isabella. Biblical - wife of Zachary, mother of John the Baptist. Withycombe s.n. Elizabeth says 'found in England from time to time in the 13th & 14th C.' Tairdelback from OCM cites one Tairdelbach ua Conchobair, King of Connacht & Ireland, died 1156.
The combination of English and Gaelic is registerable, but counts as a weirdness as is evidenced by the December 2001 acceptance of Colum Maxwell:
"This name mixes the Gaelic Colum with the English or Scots Maxwell, which is registerable though it counts as a weirdness."
35 Elizabeth ingen Tairdelbach - new badge forwarded
[Fieldless] A lion pean maintaining a garb Or.
36 Elze von Finkenaugh - new device forwarded
Azure, a dragon and a chief argent.
The blazon was simplified from Azure, a dragon segreant a chief argent.
This name was registered in November of 2001 (via the East). The submitter's original device submission, Per bend azure and sable, a dragon couchant argent, was submitted under the name 'Elze von Finkenaüaut;' and returned for conflict with Valina del Moreno (August 1993): Per saltire azure and sable, a dragon couchant, wings elevated and addorsed, head erect argent, breathing flames to chief proper. The new device avoids this conflict.
37 Emelyne Hundreisa (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per fess Or and vert, a dog courant sable marked argent in chief three pommes.
Emelyne' dated to 1292 in Withycombe, s.n. Emmeline. 'Hundreisa' Constructed occupational byname using 'hund' (s.n. Hundfot, 1346) and 'reisa' (s.n. Raisera, 1338) in Jonsjo. Client is not opposed to switching the order of 'hund' and 'reisa'.
Middle English Nicknames by Jönsö under the heading 'Hundfot' reads:
"Y: Ric. Hundfot c1346 SR 6. -- Li: Roesia Huntefot' (sic) 1327 I.SR 3, Rosa Hundefote 1332 2.SR 3.
OE hund 'hound, dog' + OE fot 'foot' or ON Hundifótr (hundr 'dog' + fótr 'foot'). 'One who has a dog's feet, runs like a dog, a fast runner'. Cf. Doggelegg, Harfot above, Weekley 1917: 144 and Fellows Jensen 1968 s.n. Hundifótr."
"Cu: Will Raisera 1338 2.SR 3.
ON reisa 'to raise', (ME) also 'to rouse (a beast or gird) from a lair, retreat or covert' + OE ra 'roe'. 'Hunter of roes'. Cf. Kepera above and v. OED s.v. raise, v.i. 4, b."
The blazon has been changed from the original submission: Per fess Or and vert, a border collie courant sable marked argent in chief three pommes. Collies were ruled to be post-period in the returns of the March 2000 LoAR:
"Aubrée Symonne de Ver. Device. Or, on a fess between a sprig embowed to chief and a sprig embowed to base gules, a collie and a cat sejant respectant Or. Collies as a breed originated after the 16th century, therefore they may not be used as a charge."
38 Emma Grey of Warwickshire (F) - resub name forwarded
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Emma' late 16th c. English Given Names, Talan Gwynek 'Grey' Reaney & Wilson pg. 206 'Warwickshire' Ekwall. Warwickshire first referred to in the 14th c.
The submitter's original submission, 'Emma Grey', was returned for conflict with 'Emma Grey' (April 2000) on the July 2001 LoAR. Submitted with that name was the device Per fess azure and vert, three towers argent and an acorn slipped and leaved Or, which was registered under the holding name 'Emma of Carolingia'.
'Emma' is listed in Talan Gwynek's 'Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names' at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16.html.
'Grey' is found in Reaney & Wilson, s.n. 'Gray', including a 'Philip de Grey' dated to 1206. Julian Goodwyn's 'Brass Enscription Index' at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/ dates 'Grey' to 1415.
The documentation for 'Warwickshire' erroneously sited Ekwall instead of A D Mills' Dictionary of English Place Names. It also cited the wrong century (scrivening error). Under the second heading 'Warwick' Mills reads:
"Warwicks Wærincwicum 1001, Warwic 1086 (DB). 'Dwellings by the weir or river-dam'. OE *wæring + wīc. Warwickshire (OE scīr 'district') is first referred to in the 11th cent."
39 Eustacia de Carlyle (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per bend sinister vert and azure, a seeblatt Or and in dexter chief three plates two and one.
'Eustacia' Withycombe (s.n. Eustacia) dates Eustacia to 12th-13th century. 'Carlyle' 'Odard de Carlyle' dated to 1158-64 Reaney & Wilson pg. 84 s.n. Corlisle.
Corrected from 'Eustacia de Corlyle' to what occurs on the submission forms.
The device was originally submitted as Per bend sinister vert and azure, a seeblatt Or and in dexter chief three plates, but has been changed for clarity.
40 Faust von Hamburg - new device forwarded
Per chevron inverted Or and sable, a Maltese cross gules and a vol Or.
This name was registered in May of 1992 (via the East).
41 Geneviève de Versalais (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per bend gules and Or, a fleur-de-lys and a cat sejant counterchanged.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Geneviève' Paris 1292 Lists Geneviève la Flamenge. 'Versailles' Dauzat & Rostaing header form. (Versalais 1074)
The name has been changed from 'Geneviève de Versailles' to reflect the documentation.
'Geneviève' is found in 'An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris' (the work cited above) at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html.
42 Guenuureth filia Thomas - new badge forwarded
(Fieldless) On a mouse rampant azure a fleur-de-lys Or.
Name registered in October of 2003 (via the East).
43 Hayashi Tarou Makoto (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Argent, on a fan inverted sable a tree argent.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Hayashi' Solveig T. 'Name Construction in Medieval Japan' surname pg. 148, thematic dictionary, date 1600 meaning 'forest'; pg. 318, historical surname, 1600 period uncertain; pg. 391, refereue GR 129, note-ancient. 'Tarou' ibid, nickname pg. 211, header first son, period uncertain, date 1600; pg. 373 'Historical Masculine Tobina' 'Makoto' ibid, tormal name pg. 42, simple maculine nanori, meaning 'belief/faith'; pg. 233 Thematic Dictionary, 1600, period uncertain. Submitter will accept a holding name.
44 Ian Douglas (M) - new name forwarded
Submitter will only accept 'Ian Douglas' or 'Iain Douglas' with no other changes. 'Ian' SCA-compatible, q.v. Ian Duncanson, 09/01 A-Caid. 'Douglas' Black, s.n.Douglas' pg. 217-8; Douglas dated 1429, Douglas dated 1499, and others.
45 Irene Lassan (F) - resub name forwarded
Current name: Irene of Anglespur
Irene' Bahlow pg. 271 Irene, noble f.n. imported from Byzantium. Byzantine empress late 11th C. Also mundane name of submitter. 'Lassan' Bahlow pg.327, Ludwig of Lassan, Grifswald 1274. A copy of the submitter's drivers license was included showing her first name to be 'Irene'.
The original submission, 'Engel Irene Lassin' was returned on the November 2003 LoAR:
"This name has several problems. First, Engel was submitted as a feminine name based on a citation in Bahlow (s.n. Engel) of H. domine Engele. However, it is not clear that this is a reference to a given name, let alone a feminine one. Nebuly explains:The submitted form addresses these problems.
"There is one citation that Bahlow interprets as a metronym, but I believe this is an error. The citation is:
"Occurs as metr.: Heinrich fron Englun = H. domine Engele [= H. of Lady Engel], 1244
"I believe this is a misinterpreted reference to Henry III, ruler of England at the time of the citation, and not a reference to someone called "of Lady Engel." This interpretation probably results from a misreading of domina (lady) for dominus (ruler).
"Barring clear evidence of Engel as a feminine name, it is only registerable as a masculine name.
"Second, the element Irene was justified as a saint's name. However, she is not a Catholic saint, but an Orthodox one. Barring evidence of a cult of Saint Irene in Germany, the name is only justifiable in linguistic traditions in which Orthodox saints were venerated.
"Finally Lassin is a hypothetical variant of the undated surname Lassen, which may or may not be a variant of Larsen. No evidence was presented nor could any be found that any form of Lassen was used in German in period. To register this element, the spelling would have to be changed to a documented form.
"This name, then, combines a masculine given name with a feminine given name, rendering the name unregisterable. We might consider Irene a matronymic byname, but Lassin appears to be a patronymic form; no evidence has been found for two patronymic bynames in German or for a patronymic and matronymic byname. We cannot drop the element Irene or the element Lassin, as the submitter does not allow major changes.
"Her armory has been registered under the holding name Irene of Anglespur."
46 Isolde Jane of Glen (F) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Azure, on a fess between three unicorns argent three trees azure.
Submitter will allow only minor changes. 'Isolde' Withycombe s.n. Isolda; dates Isolde in that form to the 15th Century. 'Jane' ibid. s.n. Jane; header form. 'Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames' pg. 426; s.n. Jane; dates Thomas Jan, Janne, or Jane, bishop of Norwich 1499. 'Glen' Ekwall pg. 189; s.n. Glen R Li; dates the place-name as 'Glen' to 1365.
47 Isolde Jane of Glen - new badge forwarded
[Fieldless] A unicorn's head erased per bend sinister argent and azure.
48 Maddoc Wolstan (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded.
Argent, an opinicus statant purpure between three triquetras azure.
Submitter wishes a name authentic for 12th-13th century English/Welsh. 'Maddoc' dated to 1207 in Withycombe (no header or page number given). 'Wolstan' dated to 1190, s.n. 'Whiston', in Bardsley.
49 Steinhard Helmschrot - new device forwarded
Azure semy of arrows bendwise sinister, a stag springing argent.
Name sent to Laurel on the East's November 2003 XLoI, which was decided in May 2004 but not yet published.
50 Violet Gray (F) - new name forwarded
No major changes. If her name must be changed, submitter wishes to retain the sound, the meaning, and a late period Scottish language/culture. 'Violet' a header spelling in Withycombe, which notes: 'In the 16th century it is fairly common in Scotland, doubtless through French influence'. It's also found dated to 1545-1587 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's 'Names of Women mentioned in the Perth Guildry Book 1464-1598' ( http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/perth.html , PCA) 'Gray' found in Effric's 'Early 16th Century Scottish Lowland Names' ( http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/lowland16/surnamesinstances.shtml , PCA) dated to 1500-1550.
51 Will the Grey (M) - new name forwarded & new device forwarded
Per pale argent and azure, a mullet of six throughout elongated to base and a chief counterchanged.
No major changes. Client wishes a name authentic for the 11th century. 'William' from 'Most Common Anglo-Norman Names' by Nicolaa de Bracton (no URL given, no copies) - 13.4 percent of the names on the list were William. 'Will' given as a diminutive for 'William' in 'Yorkshire Given Names from 1379' by Talan Gwynek (no URL given, no copies). 'Grey' refers to the colour of the submitter's hair.
'William' is found in 'Yorkshire Given Names from 1379' by Talan Gwynek at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/yorkshire.html.
'Philip le Grey' is dated to 1296 in Reaney & Wilson under the header 'Gray'. The submitted form is licit by the Lingua Anglica allowance.
The blazon has been corrected from Per pale argent and azure, overall a mullet of six the points extended and a chief counterchanged.