Kolosvari Arpadne Julia

Tuesday, August 8th, 2006

Unto the East Kingdom College of Heralds and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Julia Eastern Crown Herald!

This is the Letter of Decision for the East Kingdom Internal Letter of Intent dated June 15th, 2006. It contains submissions received before June 8th, and has 29 numbered items from the ILoI (plus one reminder to Blue Tyger to put something on the next XLoI).

Many thanks to the following commenters, without whom I could not do this job: Aryanhwy; knute/cnut; Marti Diademe; Tanczos Istvan, Blue Tyger Herald; the Moline Heraldic Consortium (Yosef Alaric and Aceline Barrett); Eve Chesterfield; Scolastica la souriete; and the Sisterhood of Saint Walburga, being Alys Mackyntoich (Sinking Tower Pursuivant), Brunissende Dragonette de Broceliande (Ivy Pursuivant), Katryne Blak, Marion del Okes, Elysabeth Underhill, Lillia de Vaux, and Brita Mairi Svensdottir (Endeweard Pursuivant).

As usual, the text of the ILoI is quoted in boldface, and my comments follow in normal type.

1 Æthelwulf Stealcere - New Device Change forwarded

Gules, a theow rampant and on a chief embattled argent four trilliums gules.

His name was registered in July 1996 via the East. His current device, Gules, a theow rampant and on a chief embattled argent four Latin crosses pomelly azure, was registered in Sep. 1996 via the East (with a blazon correction in Feb. 1997 via the East). If this submission is registered, his old device is to be released. (He also has a badge, registered in Nov. 1999 via the East: [Fieldless] On a fireball argent flamed proper, a theow's head issuant from base gules.)

The trilliums are in their default orientation (01/2003 CL), so the word "inverted" has been removed from the blazon. As originally drawn, the chief was too narrow: the trilliums need to mostly fit on the main body of the chief. I have tweaked the emblazon to fix this problem. The flowers were originally blazoned as "barbed and seeded Or"; the blazon has been adjusted to better reflect the emblazon and the submitter's wishes.

2 Aidan Sacheverell Hyde - New Device forwarded

Vert, three flames argent each charged with a heart azure.

His name was registered in March 2005 via the East.

The emblazon has been tweaked so that the hearts are no longer touching the field (which is called "barely overall" and is a cause for return). Slightly re-blazoned from Vert, on each of three flames argent a heart azure.

3 Aleksei Dmitriev (m) - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Gules, on a bend sinister between two griffins salient argent, an arrow purpure.

No major changes. Meaning ("Alex") and language/culture (Russian) are most important. Authenticity is requested for Russian language/culture of an unspecified time period. The "documentation" section consists of the statement "From Paul Wickendon [sic] of Thanet - A Dictionary of Period Russian Names (online version)."

A Dictionary of Period Russian Names by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (2nd, online edition) dates Aleksei (which is also the header spelling) to 1449, and Dmitriev (under Dmitrii) to 1389-1415. (The 3rd, paper edition dates Aleksei to 1539 on p. 4 s.n. Aleksei, and repeats the same Dmitriev cite on p. 68 s.n. Dmitrii.)

The blazon has been corrected from Gules, on a bend sinister argent an arrow purpure, between two griffins salient argent: Secondary charges should be blazoned before tertiary charges. One commenter noted that the legs on these griffins are a bit far apart for salient, but they're not quite angled like rampant (or rather, segreant, since they're griffins), so I have left that part of the blazon unchanged.

4 Aleksei Dmitriev - New Badge forwarded

(Fieldless) A griffin salient argent.

This name is submitted above.

This badge may conflict with Griffin Val Drummond (Jul. 1974): Per pale purpure and azure, a griffin segreant argent, bearing in its dexter talon a morgenstern, and in its sinister talon a targe charged with a tower azure. There's one CD for the field, but it's unclear from the blazon whether the charges that Griffin's critter is holding are big enough to count for any difference. There is no CD for salient vs. segreant/rampant, and in any case, one commenter noted that the legs are far enough apart on the submitted griffin that it might be better blazoned as segreant.

5 Brigit Comyn (f) - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Vert, a chevron argent between three weaver's shuttles bendwise argent, threaded purpure.

No major changes. If her name must be changed, she cares most about the sound. She requests authenticity for 11th to 13th century Irish. Brigit is a header on p. 36 of OCM. R&W p. 120 s.n. Cumming dates William Comyn 1133, John Comin 1175-9, and William Cumyn 1230.

This name cannot be made authentic for 11th to 13th c. Irish without major changes, which the submitter doesn't allow. As the cited entry in OCM clearly states, plain Brigit was not used as a name in period Ireland; names like Máel Brigte or Gilla Brigte "devotee/servant of [Saint] Bridget" were used instead. (The same conclusion is reached in Academy of St. Gabriel report 1262, http://www.s-gabriel.org/1262.) As the cited entry in R&W says, Comyn is either Anglicized from Irish Ó Coimín or Ó Cuimín, or a surname of Anglo-Norman derivation used in England and Scotland; in neither case is it authentic as an Irish name.

However, the submission may be reasonably authentic as a 13th century English name: "Given Names from Early 13th Century England" by Talan Gwynek (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/names/eng13/eng13f.html) shows one occurrence of Brigida (listed under the header Brigit); the -a ending presumably results from Latinization, meaning the spoken name was something like Brigid or Brigit. For the surname, Bardsley adds Admund le Comyn Edw. II, Peter Comyn 1273, Thomas Comyn 1273, Alexander Comyn Edw. I, and David Comyn Hen. II.

This device has three close calls for conflict: Caitlyn Emrys (Aug. 1995 via An Tir): Vert, a chevron between three peacocks pavonated to base argent, Harrys Rob of Wamphray (Feb. 1996 via An Tir): Vert, a chevron between three winged spurs argent, and Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (Jul. 2001 via the West): Vert, a chevron between three falcons argent. In each case, there is one CD for change in type of secondaries. There may or may not be a second one for change in tincture of secondaries: it can be argued that the the threading makes the shuttles essentially half purpure. (Alternately, they could be seen as argent shuttles charged with purpure bends, in which case they'd be clear by addition of tertiaries.) It could also be argued that there is another CD for orientation, since peacocks, winged spurs, and falcons could technically all be placed bendwise, but the charges are different enough that such comparisons may be visually meaningless.

6 Bj{o,}rn blundr Tómasson - Resub Device forwarded

Argent, a roundel Or fimbriated gules, overall a pale gules.

His name was registered in Jan. 2006, via Gleann Abhann. His previous device submission, Argent, a sun Or fimbriated and overall a pale gules, was returned at that same time because suns are too complex to fimbriate. This submission changes the sun to a roundel.

SCA blazon only uses the diminutive of an ordinary when there is more than one in a device, so this has been re-blazoned as a pale rather than a pallet.

7 Corwin Silvertongue - Resub Device returned

Sable, a winged wolf rampant between three wolves' heads couped ululant argent.

His name was forwarded to Laurel on the May 22, 2006 XLoI. His previous device submission, Sable, a winged wolf rampant and a chief rayonny argent, was returned for conflict from the Feb. 2006 ILoI.

This still conflicts with Eric Foxworthy (Aug. 1980 via the West): Sable, a winged fox rampant, wings addorsed, argent, with one CD for adding the heads. The heads have been re-blazoned as couped: the term eradicated (used in the submitted blazon) applies to trees with their roots showing. The submitter may have been thinking of erased, which applies to heads where the neck has a ragged, uneven edge.

8 Creature Christi of Oakes (f) - New Name forwarded

No major changes. From The Dictionary of Genealogy by Terrik VH Fitzhugh (Totowa, NJ; Barnes & Noble, 1985): "Creature - A baptismal name bestowed .. more likely when a name had not been chosen and the baby was not expected to survive. It is from the Latin 'Creatura Christi', which was sometimes in the working of the registry." Creature is dated to 1576 on page 2 of "Marriages at Marhamchurch from Phillimore Parish Registers" ( http://www.uk-geneology.org.uk/england/Cornwall/towns/m/Marhamchurch/index.html ). The name is also found in the Laurel return of Creador Twinedragon (12/95): "In England premature babies who were not expected to live were in fact sometimes named Creature, and Bardsley even has an example of one who survived long enough to take out a marriage license in 1579."

Commenters couldn't find the Bardsley cite mentioned in the Laurel return, but his Curiosities of Puritan Nomenclature p. 133 has Creature Christi, filia Laurentii Humfredi, baptized 1563. No evidence was found for use of the -a ending, so the given name has been changed from the submitted Creatura Christi to Creature Christi in order to match the available documentation.

R&W s.n. Oak has atte Nokes 1332 and en le Okes 1383 as the only plural examples; Bardsley s.n. Oak adds del Okes 1273, 1379; of the Okes 1319, and William, s. George Oakes baptized 1604. Also, Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Index of Names in the 1541 Subsidy Roll of London" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/london1541.html) has Okes. By the 1500s, prepositions were not generally used in surnames, but if we hypothesize a place called something like Oakes, a phrase like of Oakes could occur as part of name-and-address type of construction.

The byname was submitted as of Oaks, but even the 1604 cite from Bardsley retains the 'e', so the spelling has been changed to of Oakes.

9 Damiana de Granada (f) - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Or, a tree issuant from base proper, and on a chief sable three estoiles Or.

Damiana is found in "16th century Spanish Names" by Elsbeth Ann Roth ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/spanish/index.html ), dated to 1560. 'de' is found in the same article as a locative pronoun. Granada is a city in southern Spain, conquered by Ferdinand and Isabella in 1492. The 'Granada' article of the Encyclopædia Britannica Online (http://www.brittanica.com) says the name may be derived from the place's Moorish name, Karnattah (or Gharnatah), or the Spanish word for 'pomegranate'.

Diez Melcon p. 276 has Maria Granada 1259, categorized as a plant- or vegetable-derived name. However, according to The University of Notre Dame's "Rare Books and Special Collections" website (http://www.library.nd.edu/rarebooks/exhibits/dominican/spain/1588_deGranada.html), there was a Spanish author named Luys de Granada who had a book collection published in 1588. This appears to be one of the period spellings of his name; other spellings/forms mentioned are Lvdovici Granatensis, lluis de Gra[nada], and Lvys de Granada.

Slightly re-blazoned from Or, issuant from base a tree proper, and on a chief sable three estoiles Or. The depiction of the tree is based on one found in a period armorial, as reproduced on p. 204 of Claude Wenzler: Le guide de l'héraldique (Edition Ouest-France, 2002, ISBN 2 7373 3040 8).

10 Durko Vadas - Resub Device forwarded

Sable, on a mullet of seven points inverted Or a chess knight purpure, a base rayonny Or.

Her name was registered in Nov. 2004 via the East. Her previous two device submissions have been returned in kingdom for conflict; this submission changes the tincture of the tertiary in an attempt to clear those conflicts.

This is clear of Tatiana of the Swans (May 1993 via Ansteorra): Azure, on a sun Or, a mullet of four points purpure charged with a swan naiant argent, with one CD for the change of field tincture and one for addition of the base. It is also clear of Kristján Olavssen Ankestjerne (Sep. 1980 via Atenveldt): Purpure, on a sun of eight points elongated to base Or a raven displayed, wings spread in fess, head to sinister, purpure, within a bordure rayonny Or, and of Chinua Qorchin (Feb. 2003 via An Tir): Quarterly purpure and sable, on a sun Or a wolf's head erased purpure all within a bordure Or; in each case, there is one CD for the field, and one for the change from bordure to base.

11 Elisabetta da Roma (f) - New Change of Holding Name forwarded
Current name: Elisabetta of the East

Her previous name submission, Elisabetta Maldèstro, was returned by Laurel in Aug. 2002 for lack of period evidence for the byname. Her device, Argent, a billet voided bendwise sable braced with a billet voided bendwise sinister gules, was registered under the holding name Elisabetta of the East. Elisabetta is already registered to the submitter as part of her holding name. da Roma is a locative byname meaning "of Rome"; a period example is Bortolomio da Roma found in Talan Gwynek's "15th Century Italian Men's Names" ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/italian15m.html ).

Precedent (06/02 CL) states that holding names do not grandfather any element to the submitter: they're purely administrative placeholders. The original submission documented Elisabetta from "Feminine Given Names from the Italian Renaissance" by Anebairn MacPharlane of Arrochar; kingdom commentary added that Castiglione's "El libro de Cortegiano" (Venice, 1528) is set in the court of Elisabetta Gonzaga, Duchess of Urbino. This time around, commenters added Lisabetta from Arval Benicoeur's "Feminine Given Names from the Online Catasto of Florence of 1427" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/catasto/), and Elizabeta from "Fourteenth Century Venetian Personal Names" by Arval and Talan (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/venice14/).

12 Ernst Nuss von Kitzengen - New Augmentation of Arms pended

Gules, a chalice Or and in chief a pair of hands argent, for augmentation in chief on an inescutcheon Or a tyger rampant azure.

His name was registered in Dec. 1987 via the East. His device (Gules, a chalice Or and in chief a pair of hands argent) was registered in June 2004 via the East. This Kingdom Augmentation of Arms was awarded by Gaufred Kelson II and Geneviere II at Their last court on 9/24/2005.

Per RfS VIII.7, augmentations that have the appearance of being independent armory (as this one does) are independently subject to the normal armorial conflict rules. As such, this augmentation conflicts with two Eastern badges: (Fieldless) A tyger rampant guardant azure maintaining a spear bendwise proper (Mar. 1985, for King's Champion), and Or, a tyger sejant erect, forepaws clasped over its head, azure (Aug. 1979, for the Order of the Burdened Tyger). Per the Oct. 2003 Cover Letter, an augmentation that conflicts with kingdom armory needs a letter of permission to conflict, signed by the Crown or by the kingdom seneschal. (This step can be omitted if an augmentation uses a badge designated as a kingdom augmentation, but the East has no such badge registered.) This augmentation is therefore pended awaiting receipt of said permission to conflict.

The hands and chalice on the augmented submission appeared to be co-primary, whereas the hands on the registered device are clearly secondary charges. The emblazon has been tweaked so that the sizes are roughly in the same proportion as on the registered device.

13 Feia Radostevicha (f) - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Argent, in fess a goutte gules and a goutte purpure, and a base rayonny sable.

No major changes. If her name must be changed, she cares most about the sound, specifically the initial sounds "fee-air-rah" when the full name is said rapidly. All documentation from Wickenden (3rd ed.). Feia is found on p. 89 s.n. Feia as a feminine name dated to the 13th-14th centuries. Radosta is found on p. 291 as a feminine name meaning 'joy', with the header spelling dated to 1052, and the variants Radoste 1235, Radozta 1174, and Radozte 1192. The same page has Radost' as the masculine equivalent, with the header spelling and the variant Radost both dated 1096. The ending -evicha is intended as a metronymic suffix, based on the patronymic example (marked as a common form) Ol'ga Ivanovicha found on p. xxv. The spelling is based on the metronymic Netevich 1493 found on p. 234 s.n. Neta; please correct it if it is wrong.

Re-blazoned from Argent, two gouttes gules and purpure and a base rayonny sable: there is no default arrangement for two things, and the phrase "two gouttes gules and purpure" sounds like it's missing a line of division.

14 Gareth Grey de Wilton - Resub Device returned

Vert, between two bendlets sinister three crosses double crosslet argent.

His name was registered Feb. 2005 via the East. His previous device submission, Argent, on a bend cotised vert three Latin crosses palewise argent, a bordure counterchanged, was returned by Laurel in Feb. 2005 for non-period style, being two steps away from period practice for counterchanging the bordure not only across an ordinary (the bend), but also across secondaries (the cotises). This submission removes the bordure and features a complete lack of counterchanging.

Unfortunately, this device conflicts with Lydia Brittanica (May 1992 via the West): Vert, three increscents in bend sinister between two scarpes argent. The word scarpe is an alternative term for a bendlet sinister, and per the Glossary of Terms (under Primary Charge Group), "If there is a central ordinary lying entirely on the field, it is the primary charge", so these devices can't be considered clear by X.2 (complete change of primary charge). Therefore, there is only a single difference between these devices, for the change from secondary crescents to crosses. This may also conflict with Sylvana Dagfinsdottir (Jul. 1980 via the East): Vert, on a bend sinister vert fimbriated Or three dogwood blossoms proper [Cornus florida], because the submitted device could technically be blazoned as a bend vert fimbriated argent (albeit with rather wide fimbriation), in which case there would be no difference granted for the tincture of the fimbriation, and only one for the change in type of the (now tertiary) crosses vs. flowers. (Dogwood blossoms come in pretty much every shade from dark pink to white, but given the green background, these are probably white. The question is moot, though: even if the blossoms are dark pink, you can only get one CD for all changes to tertiaries.)

The blazon has been slightly changed from the submitted Vert, between two bends sinister three crosses crosslet argent.

15 Gerard d'Aigues Mortes (m) - Resub Name forwarded & Resub Device returned

Azure, a pale Or, overall a cross of Toulouse counterchanged.

No major changes. If his name must be changed, he cares most about an unspecified language and/or culture. His previous name submission, Gerard le Vert, was returned from the May 2004 ILoI for aural conflict with Gerald de Verre (Oct. 1979, via the East). His device submission, Ermine, on a pale vert three swords inverted proper, was returned for a subsequent lack of valid name to attach it to, with a note about a close call for conflict. This submission is a completely different design. Gerard: found in "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" ( http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/paris1423.html ) by Aryanhwy merch Catmael. Aigues Mortes is a city in southern France famous for its medieval fortifications, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica (1911) ( http://www.1911ency.org/A/AI/AIGUES_MORTES.htm ). Per the same article, Louis IX "embarked from Aigues-Mortes in 1248 and 1270 for the seventh and eighth crusades." The December 2003 LoAR (s.n. Hubert de Aquis mortuis) quotes Metron Ariston: "The French form [of this byname] would be d'Aigue Mortes." The LoAR also quotes the documentation given with that submission: "Aigués-Mortes: Dauzat, Noms de Lieux page 5 header Aiguebelette gives Aigue-Mortes and a 13th century form of the name Aquae mortuae 1248. It means a place with stagnant water." The submitter would prefer the French form (which he believes to be the submitted Aigues Mortes) over the Latin form.

The one Eastern commenter who owns a copy of Dauzat & Rostaing can't find said copy, so I'm forwarding this name as submitted.

Precedent states: "Our general policy ... based on period practice, is that only ordinaries (or similarly simple charges, such as roundels) may be counterchanged across ordinaries" (Shire of Blackmoor Keep, 10/92 R-Meridies). A cross of Toulouse is not an ordinary, nor is it simple like one, so this device must be returned.

16 Giovanna del Penna - Resub Device forwarded

Argent, a mullet sable and a base azure.

Her name was registered in May 2005 via the East. Her previous device submission, Argent, a chevron azure between three quill pen nibs sable, was returned on the Nov. 2004 LoD for conflict, with a note about needing to document the pen nib. (Her badge submission, (Fieldless) A quill pen nib per pale sable and argent, was returned on the Sep. 2005 LoAR for lack of documentation for the pen nib.) This submission is a complete redesign.

17 Gwenllian Basset (f) - New Name Change forwarded
Current name: Rhiannon Basset

Her current name was registered in Apr. 2003 via the East. No instructions are given for its disposition if this submission is registered. Gwenllian is the standardized spelling of this name given by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn in three separate Welsh name articles: "Women's Names in the First Half of 16th Century Wales" ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/welshfem16 ); "A Simple Guide to Constructing 13th Century Welsh Names" ( http://www.sca.org/laurel/welsh13.html ); and "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English contexts)" ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/welsh16.html ). The dated examples are pulled from sources as early as 1292 and as late as 1603. In each case the variant spellings remain similar to one another and to the standard form: Gwenlliam, Gwenllyan, Gwellian, Wenlian, Wenllyan. Given Wenllyan and Gwenllyan, where the only difference is the initial 'G', and the attested Wenllian, the submitted Gwenllian seems a reasonable variant spelling. Basset is found in this spelling in Julian Goodwyn's Brass Enscription Index ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/names/brasses/ ), dated to 1539 in Devon. It is also found as a header in R&W p.31, which gives the meaning as 'of low stature' and cites Ralph Basset 1086 who was raised by Henry II from lowly station to noble. Tangwystyl states in her 16c. 'Simple Guide' (op.cit.) in the section titled 'Non-Welsh Surnames': "In theory, almost any English surname of this period might have ended up in Wales, and you can find this type of surname being used with unmistakably Welsh given names." Further, Laurel has deemed English-Welsh name combinations as no weirdness in the Aug. 1999 Cover Letter.

18 Jehannine de Flandres (f) - New Name Change forwarded
Current name: Jehannine de Bordeu

Her current name was registered in Oct. 2002 via the East. If this name passes, her old name should be released. Jehannine is grandfathered to the submitter. It is the feminine form of the masculine Jehannin, which is found in "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" by Colm Dubh ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html ). de Flandre means 'of Flanders'; the placename is found in "French Names from Two Thirteenth Century Chronicles" by Arval Benicoeur ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/crusades/crusadesLieux.html ). Note that the spellings in this article are normalized. Bardsley p. 291 s.n. Flanders gives the dated example Jacobus de Flandres 1273. The submitter has a slight preference for the spelling de Flandre but will accept de Flandres without complaint.

The submitter's herald notes a possible conflict with John of Flanders (Jul. 1997 via Atlantia), but I don't think John and Jehannine conflict: they're different genders and in different languages, so it would be rather a stretch to consider one a diminutive of the other, and they look and sound different.

One commenter noted that as far as she can tell, Flandre is the modern French form, and Flandres is the medieval form. The byname has therefore been changed from the submitted de Flandre  to de Flandres in order to match the available documentation.

19 Katherine de Staverton - New Device forwarded

Azure, a bend engrailed between a swallow volant and a cat sejant guardant argent.

Her name was forwarded to Laurel on the Feb. 26, 2006 XLoI.

The submitted blazon called the bird a "dove", but this depiction lacks the tuft on the head that's characteristic of heraldic doves, and it features a noticably forked tail, which is a characteristic of swallows. The blazon has been changed accordingly. The device is clear of Jean Ancelin (Oct. 2002 via Æthelmearc): Azure, a bend engrailed argent between two lions rampant Or, with one CD each for change of type and tincture of secondaries.

20 Kawamoto no Gin (f) - New Name forwarded

All documentation from http://www.sengokudaimyo.com/miscellany/names.html , which shows Gin 'silver' as a feminine name, and Kawa 'river', moto 'origin' as Heian or early Kamakura-period surname parts in Japan.

The construction of the surname appears to be plausible under the guidelines found in Academy of St. Gabriel report 1330 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/1330). Name Construction in Medieaval Japan by Solveig Throndardottir has kawa "river" p. 150, and moto "origin" p. 97 or "foundation" p. 139.

The given name is more problematical: commenters didn't find Gin, nor any listing for "silver", in Solveig's book, and the cited webpage only lists it in conjunction with the honorific O (i.e. O'gin). This is forwarded in the hopes that the greater wisdom of the CoA can turn up better evidence.

21 Njall Randvesson - Resub Device returned

Gyronny arrondy argent and vert, a raven close proper.

His name was registered in April 2003 via the East. His previous device submission, Or, in pale a raven displayed and two axes in saltire sable, was returned at that same time for conflict with the arms of the Holy Roman Empire. This is an almost complete redesign.

Unfortunately, this conflicts with Serlo of Litchfield (Dec. 1985 via Atenveldt): Gyronny gules and Or, a vulture close sable, with just one CD for the field, since there is no difference granted between a vulture close and a raven close (Brand Björnsson, 11/02 R-Meridies). Originally blazoned as Gyronny arrondy of eight ...; the number of traits can be omitted, since gyronny is of eight by default.

22 Roland d'Endeweard (m) - New Name forwarded

No major changes. If his name must be changed, he cares most about the sound. He requests authenticity for 'late period French' language/culture. Roland is recorded as a given name in 1526 in Buron, Gildas: Le peuplement et las population du pays guérandais à la fin du Môyen Age et au debut des temps modernes: l'apport d'l'onoamastique; Onamastique et Histoire, Onamastique LIttéraire, Ed. Pierre-Henri Billy & Jacques Chaurand, Publications de l'Université de Provence, 1998. Found in an article by Heather Rose Jones on Academy of St. Gabriel website. d'Endewearde means 'from Endewearde', which is the name of the submitter's local shire.

Roland is dated to 1526 in "Given Names from Brittany, 1384-1600" by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/latebreton.html). It can also be found in "Late Sixteenth Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/eng16/eng16.html).

Since Endeweard is an English placename, precedent states that it's appropriate to use de with it (Gerhart of Cynnabar, 01/02 A-Caid). Whether it's appropriate to use French-style elision to make d'Endeweard is a different question, which I feel thoroughly unqualified to answer. Therefore, I'm forwarding this for the greater wisdom of the CoA.

Submitted as Roland d'Endewearde; the shire's name was registered in Jan. 1987 (via the East) as Endeweard , so the byname has been changed to match this registered form.

23 Roland d'Endeweard - New Household Name forwarded & New Household Badge returned
Submitted Name: House of the Two Loons

Azure, a bend sinister argent between two loons naiant proper.

No major changes. His name is submitted above. If the name must be changed, the submitter cares most about the meaning. 'Documentation' consists of the statement "submitter would like House of the Two Loons. While I could find no evidence for late period French households being named for animals, I have found many precedents in the Ordinary where such names have passed."

"English Sign Names" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/inn/) gives examples of inn sign names formed using animal names, [color] + [animal], and [number] + [thing]. An inn sign-based household name using [number] + [animal] seems a plausible extension of these patterns. According to Webster's New Universal Unabridged Dictionary (Dorset & Baber, 1983), the name of the bird was loom earlier, derived from Old Norse lomr. I don't have access to the OED to check when the shift from 'm' to 'n' happened.

A loon in its proper coloration is mostly sable with argent markings, which has insufficient contrast with the azure field. This badge must therefore be returned for violating RfS VIII.2.b.i. On resubmission, please use the "blue" marker rather than the "light blue" one -- the latter yields the post-period tincture "bleu celeste". Also, please draw the charges to better fill the available space, and make sure each charge is fully outlined, rather than relying on coloring to define the white parts.

24 Settmour Swamp, Barony of - New Order Name forwarded & New Badge forwarded
Submitted Name: Order of the Iron Tower

(Fieldless) A tower bendwise sable.

The name Settmour Swamp, Shire of was registered in Feb. 1981, and updated to 'Barony of' in March 1983, via the East. The pattern 'Order of the [adjective] Tower' is grandfathered to the Barony of Settmour Swamp: 'Order of the Silver Tower' (March 1983), 'Order of the Bronze Tower' (Dec. 1988), and 'Order of the Ivory Tower' (Dec. 1989) have all been registered to this group (via the East). The pattern 'Order of the [adjective] + [thing]' also is consistent with period styles for order names, as noted in Project Ordensnamen by Meradudd Cethin ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/order/ ), which lists this pattern as one of the most common formulations, with the following examples: Holy Phial, Precious Blood, Pontifical Medal. 'Iron' is found as a descriptive adjective in English personal names in period. As used, it appears to refer to a quality, rather than a color. R&W p. 249 s.n. Ironfoot lists the following bynames: Yrenfot 1251 'iron foot'; Irenherde 1379 'hard as iron'; yreneman 1327 'iron hand'; Yrento 1209 'iron toe'. In addition, on p. 249 s.n. Ironside there's Irenside 1057, 1297, 1333, 1350 'iron-side, warrior'. The Barony therefore believes that 'Iron Tower' is a reasonable order name, referring to a tower that is as hard as or as strong as iron. This name is for the Barony's martial arts award.

Precedent implies that the patterns in Project Ordensnamen are too broadly stated, and that "iron" as a color doesn't fit the pattern seen in the period examples (Northshield, Principality of, Order Name Iron Griffin Legion; 01/05 R-Northshield). However, given the various types of tower already registered to the barony, especially "ivory" and "bronze", the pattern used in the current submission should indeed be grandfathered to them.

The color emblazon has had some internal detailing added with a white gel pen, in order to make it look more tower-like than chess rook-like.

25 Settmour Swamp, Barony of - New Badge forwarded

(Fieldless) A tower bendwise argent.

This badge is to be associated with the order name Order of the Ivory Tower, which was registered to Settmour Swamp in Dec. 1989 via the East.

26 Snorri hrafnauga Hrólfsson - Resub Device forwarded

Azure, a wolf sejant affronty and on a chief argent, a raven close contourny regardant sable.

His name was registered in Jan. 2003 via the East. His previous device, Checky azure and Or, a wolf's head conjoined with a raven's body striking argent, was returned in kingdom (2001-06 LoR) for multiple conflicts. This is a nearly complete redesign.

27 Sunnifa Heinreksdóttir (f) - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Azure, a talbot dormant and in chief three crescents argent.

No major changes. If her name must be changed, she cares most about the meaning: Sunnifa = 'gift of the sun', daughter of Henry. All documentation from Geirr Bassi. Sunnifa is found on p. 15 as a feminine name, and Heinrekr is found on page 11 as a masculine name. In the genitive case, it changes to Heinreks, hence Heinreksdóttir as the patronymic.

Both Sunnifa and Heinrekr are unmarked in Geirr Bassi, meaning that they appear in the "Family Sagas" (Íslendingas{o,}gur) but not in Landnámabók.

As submitted, the lines on the emblazon were so thick that the charges looked fimbriated and chased, which has been cause for return. Diademe did a quick redraw/trace to fix this problem, and to make the crescents fatter and less staple-like.

This is clear of Vladimir Andreivich Aleksandrov (Jul. 1996 via An Tir): Sable, a wolf dormant in chief three chevronels inverted braced argent, with one CD for the field and one for the type of charges in chief.

28 Sunnifa Heinreksdóttir - New Badge forwarded

Azure, a talbot's head caboshed and in chief a crescent argent.

Her name and device are submitted above.

As submitted, the lines on the emblazon were so thick that the charges looked fimbriated and chased. Diademe did a quick redraw/trace to fix this problem, and to make the crescent fatter and less staple-like.

This is clear of Stefan von Bernhardt (Apr. 1981 via Atlantia): Per bend sinister azure and vert, a wolf's head caboshed argent, with one CD for the field and one for adding the crescent. It's also clear of Briana of Skye (Aug. 2000 via Atlantia): Per pale sable and gules, a wolf's head cabossed and in chief a rapier reversed argent, with one CD for the field and one for change in type of secondary, and of Antoinette Saint Clair (Jul. 1991 via the West): Azure, a wolf's head cabossed within an orle of lozenges argent, with one CD each for number and type of secondaries. It should be well clear of George of Glen Laurie (Aug. 1979 via Caid): Azure, a St. Bernard dog's head couped at the neck bearing a cask at its neck, all proper [Canis familiaris extrariis St. Bernardi], with one CD for adding the secondary crescent, one for change of posture from couped (which is in profile) vs. cabossed (which is affronty), and possibly a third for the cask (although its significance can't really be judged from the given blazon).

The blazon has been slightly tweaked from the submitted talbot head caboshed to talbot's head caboshed.

29 William Whytemore (m) - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Azure, in fess three bows reversed argent

No major changes. If his name must be changed, he cares most about the language/culture of a 14th century English archer. William is found in Withycombe (3rd ed.) p. 293, where it says this name "was introduced to England by the Normans in the 11th century, from which time it has held its place as one of the commonest men's names." Whytemore is dated to 1227 in Ekwall p. 514 s.n. Whitmore.

The default for bows is "palewise, string to sinister"; the word "reversed" has therefore been added to the blazon.

30 Duncan Kerr and Eleanor FitzPatrick - Joint Badge correction (reminder to Blue Tyger)

(Fieldless) A horse passant gules charged on the shoulder with a cross couped argent.

This badge was registered in Sep. 2005 via the East, to Duncan Kerr. It was supposed to be jointly owned by Eleanor FitzPatrick (name reg. Sep. 1995 via the East). The submission form had the appropriate box checked, but no mention of joint ownership was made on the Letters of Intent (2005 Feb. ILoI, 2005-05-25 XLoI). The situation is slightly complicated by the fact that Laurel inadvertently managed to register the name Duncan Kerr twice: once in Jan. 2000 via Caid, and once in Aug. 2000 via the East. (This badge obviously belongs to the Easterner.) Per the Admin Handbook, errors which derive from ommissions or errors on a Letter of Intent "should be included on a Letter of Intent for the consideration of the College of Arms" (VI.B).


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