Lillia de Vaux

June 12, 2010

Unto the East Kingdom College of Heralds and all others who do read this letter, greetings from Lillia de Vaux, Eastern Crown Herald on this feast day of Saint Placid of Val d'Ocre!

This is the Letter of Decisions for the Internal Letter of Intent dated May 3, 2010. It contains submissions received before that date and has 16 numbered items. Text in boldface is quoted or summarized from the ILoI, and my comments follow in normal type.

Thank you to the following commenters: Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Gawain of Miskbridge, Alys Mackyntoich, Brunissende Dragonette, Palotzi Marti, Robert Fairfax, Rohese de Dinan, Tanczos Istvan, Ragnveig Snorradottir, and Reinholdt von Trollenhagen.

A special thank you is due to Julia as she steps down as Blue Tyger Herald. Julia has done a fantastic job, first as Eastern Crown, and then as Blue Tyger. The East owes a lot to her efforts, and we wish her much luck, love, and laughter (and patience!) as she accepts the new title of Mommy Pursuivant.

Lastly, please welcome our incoming Blue Tyger, Ása in svarta.

1: Álfrún Álfarssdóttir - New Name forwarded

The name was submitted as Alfrún Álfarssdóttir. The submitter desires a female name. No major changes. Language and culture (medieval Scandinavia) most important. Alfrún is found in Fellows-Jensen, Cleasby and Vigfusson, and Lena Peterson ("Nordiskt runnamnslexikon", http://www.sofi.se/servlet/GetDoc?meta_id=1472), according to the Viking Answer Lady (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONWomensNames.shtml):

The first element Alf- is identical with Old Icelandic alfr, "elf."...The second element -rún is from OW.Norse rún, itself derived from Germanic *rúnó, with an original sense of "secret, hidden knowledge". As a second element -rún should be understood as having the meaning, "she who possesses hidden knowledge". Found in West Scandinavia as a mythological name, and as the Old English name Ælfrun. A short form of names in Rún- or -rún is Runa.

Álfarssdóttir is a patronym meaning 'daughter of Álfarr'. Alfarr is found in both Fellows-Jensen and Peterson, according to the same article (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml):

The first element Alf- is identical with Old Icelandic alfr, "elf, a type of subterranean being, ancestral spirit." Found in Old Danish as Alvar and in OW.Norse as Álfarr. Occurs in the runic accusative form alfar...The second element -arr has several possible origins. It may be from *-harjaR, "army leader, general, warrior", or from *-warjaR "one who wards, defender", or from *-gaiRaR "spear."

The same article (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONNames.shtml#general_info), citing Geirr Bassi, states that the patronym for a daughter is formed by converting the name in the nominative case to the genitive case and adding dottir 'daughter'. In this case, this meant changing Álfarr to Álfarssdottir.

Elmet and Ragnveig Snorradottir verified the information in the Viking Answer Lady's article vs. Peterson's "Nordiskt runnamnslexikon". The formation of patronymics is found in Geirr Bassi, p. 17. Blue Tyger also noted that, although the name elements were not found in Geirr Bassi, the submitted name could be constructed from it. Names in Álf- included Álfgeirr, Álfjótr, Álfr, Álfráðr, Álfrimr, Álfvarinn (masc.), and Álfdís, Álfeiðr, Álfgerðr, Álfheiðr, Álfhildr, Álfífa (fem.). Names in -rún (all fem.) were Dagrún, Guðrún, (Jórunn, Kristrún), Mýrún, (Þórunn). (Names in parentheses may not be relevant.) Names in -arr (masc.) included Álarr, Ávarr, Eyjarr, Garðarr, Grímarr, Hreiðarr, Ísarr, Nollarr, Ormarr, Ónarr, Óttarr, Ragnarr, Sigarr, Steinarr, Úlfarr, Vestarr, Viðarr, Þjóðarr, Þórarr. As such, this name constuction seems to be plausible. Lastly, precedent states that names must be consistently accented throughout, the name was changed to Álfrún Álfarssdóttir.

2: Arthur Alyn - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Or, a stag courant contourny and on a chief sable three bezants, each charged with a quatrefoil sable

The submitter desires a male name. No major changes. The sound ("Allen") most important. Language and culture (mid-14th century England) most important. Meaning (spelling: Arthur) most important.

Arthur occurs four times as a given name (earliest date 1558) and once as a surname (1454) in Julian Goodwyn, "English Names Found in Brass Enscriptions" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/brasses/). It is a header in R&W, in which the submitted spelling appears as a surname in 1246. Lastly, it is found as a given name dated 1415 in the Agincourt Honor Roll, as described by Arval Benicoeur and Talan Gwynek in "A List of 15th Century English Men's Names" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/arval/agincourt/). Arthur is also the submitter's legal given name, as verified on his driver's license by Eastern Crown. Alyn is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Surnames from Exeter, 1489" (http://www.ellipsis.cs/~liana/names/english/exeter1489.html). It is described as being possibly derived from the matronym Aline. The similar spellings Alin (1275) and Allyn (1593) are found in R&W, s.nn. Alin and Allain, respectively. The submitted spelling appears as a given name, and the spellings Alayn and Aleyn as surnames in Aryanhwy's "Index of Names in the 1381 Suffolk Poll Tax (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/suffolk1381.pdf) with counts of one, one, and three, respectively. The submitter would like the byname to be authentic to the mid-14th century, but wants to retain the Arthur spelling for the given name. He will accept minor changes to the spelling of the byname if necessary for registration, as long as it retains the sound of the submitted spelling. (He did not mark the authenticity request on the form, but rather stated the above in an email.)

Bardsley (s.n. Arthur) includes the submitted given name as a surname dated to 1273. It is listed as a given name in 1564 (s.n. Greenacre), the 1570s, and the 1590s. Academy of Saint Gabriel report no. 3226 (http://www.s-gabriel.org/3226.html) includes the submitted spelling in a surname dated 1246, and a Latinized form, Arthurus, dated 1189-1273. The report notes that the vernacular form of the latter would be Arthur.

Bardsley (s.n. Allen) dates Aleyn to 1273, and lists Chaucer's Clerk, Alein. Bardsley (s.n. Alcock) notes that Allen had "enormous popularity" during the 13th and 14th centuries. The submitted spelling appears in a patronymic byname, Willelmo Petro filio Alyn, dated 1224 ('Register of the Grey Friars of London: De conventu Londoniensi', The Grey Friars of London (1915), pp. 145-177. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51601&strquery=alyn). The byname could also be interpreted as an unmarked locative, as Ekwall (s.nn. Allen) lists Alan (1199, 1200), Aleyn (1285), and Alen (1577). A Henry Alyn (also written as Henry Halyn), dated 1341, appears in 'Close Rolls, Edward III: March 1341', Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward III: volume 6: 1341-1343 (1902, pp. 17-41. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=99239&strquery=alyn). Although the text was likely translated into English from Latin, the surnames themselves do not appear to have been normalized.

For the device, the original blazon was that the bezants were voided of the quatrefoils. The effect that the submitter desired was that of an architectural motif, similar to that in Caid, Kingdom of, (Fieldless) A quatrefoil voided within and conjoined to an annulet agent, found at http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=11142 (registered 02/2010). There is precedent stating that voiding is not allowed in any shape other than a simple geometric charge, or the charge itself if the charge is simple enough to void [Asa of the Wood, 11/97]. Although quatrefoils are simple, four-lobed shapes, it was thought that this would not be sufficiently simple under this precedent. As a result, this submission was reblazoned as having the quatrefoils as quaternary charges; this is also currently not permitted per RfS VIII.1.c.ii, Layer Limit. Rather than return this device, I point to the ongoing submission of Juliana de Luna, Sable, on a chevron Or between three gryphon's heads erased argent a crescent between two scallops azure and on a chief argent three torteaux each charged with a fleur-de-lys Or (http://oscar.sca.org/index.php?action=145&id=13425):

The particular motif of "on an ordinary charged roundels" is part of a very common Wriothesley pattern of charged roundels. Examples of this particular motif include:

Ermine, a chevron wavy azure between three Moor's heads and on a chief checky argent and gules a crescent Or between two pellets each charged with a dog courant Or. (Gwyn Jones, The Art of Heraldry, p. 98, partial)

Sable, on a chevron between three wings argent three torteaux each charged with a broadarrow Or. (Gwyn Jones, The Art of Heraldry, p. 96)

Argent, on a fess engrailed gules between three falcons rising azure three bezants charged with lion's heads sable. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones, cover of DBA 1)

Gules, on a fess argent between three wings Or a torteaux charged with a lion passant Or between two bezants. (cover of DBA 1)

Paly Or and azure, on a chief argent three pellets each charged with a dove argent, all within a bordure gules charged with alternating escallops and birds Or. (cover of DBA 1, very partial, so it's possible that the charges are on the field but they don't look that way to me)

There are also numerous examples of "a roundel charged with a widget" on the field, which I think unnecessary to summarize here. Instead, I'll give a few more examples of quaternary charges:

Argent, a fret azure nailed Or, on a chief sable a stag statant Or between two mullets Or pierced gules. (cover of DBA 1)

Argent, on a chevron sable three wolves heads argent, on a chief azure a cross Or hurty between two martlets Or. (Bedingfeld and Gwyn Jones p. 62)

As charged roundels on chiefs are attested in late-period England, we are forwarding this for the College's consideration as an exception to RfS VIII.1.c.ii, with an appeal that the submission not be penalized for the lack of complexity compared to the Tudor examples.

3: Berric Grayveson - Resub Device forwarded

Per bend sinister counter-ermine and ermine, a dragon passant contourny gules and a bordure counterchanged

His name and a badge, (Fieldless) An anchor gules, were registered in 10/2007 via the East. His device, Per bend sinister beviled counter-ermine and ermine, a dragon passant to sinister gules was returned on the 12/2009 East Kingdom Letter of Decision (issued 03/10/2010):

Commenters were unanimous that the line of division was difficult to identify, and there was at least one step from period practice for the use of a charge with this field. The device was clear of Kragon of Land's End (07/2001, Outlands), Per bend sinister bevilled Or and gules, a sun counterchanged within a bordure sable, with one CD for the change to the field and another for the change in type of the primary charge. Unfortunately, it conflicts with Maythen Gervaise (04/1980, West), Per bend sinister sable and Or, a dragon counter-passant reguardant, wings addorsed, gules, with only one CD for the change to the field. It also conflicts with Myfanwy ferch Rhiannon (05/1985, East), Erminois, a dragon passant to sinister regardant gules, maintaining in dexter foreclaw a fountain, with a CD for the cumulative changes to the field, but nothing for the position of the dragon's head or for removing the maintained charge.

The submitter has has added a bordure to clear the conflicts, and has also removed the complex line of division.

In addition to the devices listed above, the resubmission is also clear of Amber Ulfsdottir (07/1988, West), Argent, a dragon courant to sinister gules within a bordure sable semy of crescents argent. The resubmission has a CD for the changes to the field, one for the change to a fur bordure, and another for removing the strewn charges on the bordure.

4: Bonajoia du Lyon - New Name forwarded

The submitter desires a female name. No major changes to the given name, but any necessary changes can be made to the byname. The sound (unspecified) most important. Bonajoia is dated to 1319 in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyAG.html). It is derived from the OFr 'good joy' or 'good jewel', and is one of the fanciful medieval feminine names listed on p. xli of R&W's introduction. du Lyon is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf). It is on p. 80 (p. 84 of the PDF) under Bynames: Locative and toponymic bynames, and occurs five times in the Census.

Although the given name is derived from a French phrase, it was found in English context. If this is considered as a combination of English and French, it is registerable without a step from period practice [Engelbert the Pious, 12/03].

5: Brendan Firebow - Resub Badge forwarded

(Fieldless) On an oak leaf vert, a panther rampant guardant argent spotted vert and incensed proper

His name was registered in 11/1992 via the East. His device, Sable, on a bend enarched Or between two panthers rampant guardant argent spotted vert and incensed proper three oak leaves vert, was registered in 08/2009, also via the East. This badge was returned at the same time that the device was registered for conflict with the badge of Eleri of Nefyn, (Fieldless) On an oak leaf vert a hand argent. Permission to conflict has now been granted by Eleri:

I, <name>, known in the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. ("SCA") as Eleri of Nefyn, hereby grant <name>, known in the SCA as Brendan Firebow, permission to register the following armory, (Fieldless) On an oak leaf vert, an English panther rampant guardant argent spotted vert and incensed proper, which has been determined to conflict with the badge registered to me: (Fieldless) On an oak leaf vert a hand argent. I understand that this permission cannot be withdrawn once <name> registers the above armory. Signed & dated 2/25/10

6: Darius Aurelius - New Request for Name Reconsideration forwarded

Darius Aurelius Serpentius

Darius Aurelius was registered in 05/2005 (East):

Submitted as Darius Aurelius Serpentius, the supernomen Serpentius is unique to the Roman emperor Livius Severus, also recorded as Livius Severus Serpentius. Stewart Irvin Oost, "D. N. Libivs Severvs P. F. AVG,", Classical Philology, 1970, after demonstrating that this emperor is noted in Greek as Serpentius in a number of documents, says:

...we must accept that Severus possessed a signum, or supernomen, Serpentius, although the word seems otherwise unknown to Latin (or Greek lexicography). Signa are notoriously common in names of the imperial period, and they sometimes have a perjorative significance; they could also be taken from the names of animals and were not infrequently developed according to the paradigm Constans > Constantius. There can be little doubt that the sense here is pejorative...[discussion of the name being applied by Severus's enemies]...This is true even if, as is possible but seems unlikely, the name were hereditarily transmitted. Possibly a "snakelike" person is devious, a born intriguer.

Thus we know two things about the signum Serpentius: first that it is formed according to a common pattern, and second, that it is unique to one of the emperors of Rome. It is a longstanding principle that unique bynames, especially of individuals whose full names are important enough to protect, are not registerable. Livius Severus Serpentius is a Roman emperor, e.g. a sovereign; by precedent sovereigns are always important enough to protect. Therefore, barring documentation that the supernomen Serpentius is not unique to this emperor, it is a unique byname and not registerable. We have dropped the unique element and registered this name as Darius Aurelius.

The submitter requests that his name be restored to the originally submitted form Darius Aurelius Serpentius on the basis of additional documentation showing that Serpentius was not unique to the Roman Emperor Livius Severus Serpentius:

W.R. Brownlow (ed.), Roma Sotterranea: or, An account of the Roman catacombs, Vol. 1, p. 171 (http://books.google.com/books?id=amIWAAAAYAAJ) gives the Latin text SEREPENTIVS EMIT LOC M A QUINTO FOSSORE AD SANTVM CRNELIVM, and the translation "Serpentius bought from Quintus the fossor a grave near St. Cornelius." This inscription is also referenced in The Princeton Theological Seminary, "The Beginnings of Saint Worship", The Princeton Theological Review, vol. vi (1908), p. 286 (http://books.google.com/books?id=3v4LAAAAIAAJ), with the translation "Serpentius bought this sepulchre near Saint Cornelius".

J. Schwab, "Nomina Propria Latina", in: Alfred Fleckeisen (ed.), Jahrbücher für classische Philologie: Supplementband, Vol. 24, (http://books.google.com/books?id=U5jcfRZW9yYC) includes several uses of Serpentius on p. 680:

Serpentius gladiator Romæ in opere musivo VI 10206
Serpentius vinarius ibidem in titulo anni 368 VI 1766
Ostiae obvenit S]erpentius quidam in albo sacratorem saeculi alterius vergentis vel potius tertii XIV 286 I 13

Another reference, to a Serpentius consul annum 462, was thought to possibly refer to the emperor and has been disregarded.

In commentary, it was noted that the reference to 'Serpentius consul annum 462' did not refer to the emperor, as the emperor died in 211. This reference stated, "Serpentius consul anno 462 (cf. Marcellin. .chron. ad an. 462; Cassiodor. scripsit Severus)." The same commenter also supplied another reference, which included a gladiator named Serpentius:

Die Kontorniat-Medaillons, Volume 2 By Andreas Alföldi, Elisabeth Alföldi-Rosenbaum, and Curtis L. Clay (http://books.google.com/books?id=8MfCfPfRuo0C, p. 215) lists names of athletes and gladiators found in various inscriptions from the late imperial period (4th-5th centuries), including another Serpentius:

Bonifatus Kat Nr. 477 Rs. Nr. 220 Taf 191,8,9 Der Name ist sehr häufig CIL VI 31893 E(w); VI9920 - 33817 (25): ein tabernarius unter Arcadius, Honorius, Theodosius II.; eine frühere Inschrift (kurz nacht 368) ILS 6072 = CIL. VI 31893ab: ein Mann, der zu denen gehörte, die pecu[niam ... et locum] specta-culis et panem populi contra disciplinam Romanam de re -vindicari consueverant. In dieser Inschrift werden auch ein Laurentius und ein Serpentius genannt.

Blue Tyger supplied the translation: "Bonifatius Catalog number 477 [undeciphered abbreviations and numbers] The name is very frequent. [more undeciphered alphanumerics] a tabernarius under Arcadius, Honorius, Theodosius II.; an earlier inscription (shortly after 368) [alphanumerics]: a man that belongs to whom [Latin quote which is waaay beyond my capabilities]. In this inscription a Laurentius and a Serpentius are also named."

As the name is not unique to the emperor Livius Severus, the submitter wishes to reinstate the name to the originally submitted form.

7: Elizabeth Elenore Lovell - New Device Change forwarded

Or goutty de sang, a Catherine wheel sable and a bordure sable semy of bees Or

Old Item: Purpure, a bend engrailed between six hummingbirds hovering contourny argent, to be released. Her name was registered 01/1996 and her device in 02/1997 via the East.

8: Eva Woderose - New Badge withdrawn by submitter

(Fieldless) A rose slipped and leaved per pale argent and gules

Her name was registered in 11/2007, and her device, Gules, on a bend sinister between two wolves couchant argent, three roses proper, was registered in 12/2007, both via the East.

It was questioned whether a white and red rose divided per pale would be permissible due to the protection of the Tudor rose badge. Ivy Pursuivant noted that Parker shows a Tudor rose that is divided into quarters rather than the more typical red rose with a white rose over the center, and Elmet found a period example where the rose was divided per pale. As a result, the submitter decided to withdraw the submission.

9: Francesco de Gremenis - Resub Device forwarded

Sable, a chevron cotised between two flames and a hammer Or

His name was registered 08/2009 via the East. His device, Device. Sable, a chevron between two flames and an arm embowed, armored and gauntleted, maintaining a hammer bendwise inverted Or, was returned at the same time:

There are two interpretations under which we could evaluate this device submission, either of which require its return.

Considering the hammer a sustained charge of equal weight to the arm, this device would be returned for being slot-machine heraldry, for having three types of charge (flame, arm, hammer) in the same charge group.

Considering the hammer a maintained charge, this device conflicts with the device of Bran Davison of Clan Chattan, Sable, a chevron ployé between two tabors and a boar's head couped Or, with only a single CD for the change of type of the secondary charge group. We do not grant difference for plain chevrons vs. chevrons ployé.

The device is also returned for blurring the difference between sustained and maintained, violating section VII.7.b of the Rules for Submission, which requires that "Any element used in Society armory must be describable in standard heraldic terms so that a competent heraldic artist can reproduce the armory solely from the blazon."

Please instruct the submitter that, should he wish to resubmit the arm and hammer motif, the hammer should either be drawn of roughly equivalent area to the arm, so that it is unmistakably sustained, or smaller, so that it is unmistakably maintained.

This resubmission adds cotises and eliminates the arm in order to address both issues.

10: Francesco de Gremenis - Resub Badge forwarded

Sable, on a flame Or a hammer sable, all within an annulet Or

His name was registered 08/2009, via the East. His device and a badge, (Fieldless) On a flame Or a warhammer sable, were returned at the same time:

This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Kristen Ahearn, Vert, upon a ball of flame Or, a bull rampant to sinister, head lowered, sable. There is a CD for the field. We do not grant a CD for the shape of a flame. We also do not grant a CD for the change of only the type of a tertiary charge placed on an underlying charge that is not a simple geometric shape.

There were some conflict calls against this armory which hinged on whether or not a flame Or is a CD from a flame proper, since we used to accept a flame Or fimbriated gules as a valid depiction of a flame proper. Precedent says:

Either way, when used as the primary charge, there's a CD between a flame proper and a flame Or. [Helena of Durham, January 1993, A-Caid]

Therefore, the submission is clear of the badge of Richard of Black Iron, (Fieldless) On a ball of flame proper a single-horned anvil reversed sable, and with the badge of Alaric Erskin, (Fieldless) Upon a flame proper, an ermine spot sable. There is a CD for fieldlessness and a CD for the change of tincture of the flame.

Potential conflict was also called against the device of Engelhardt Bauernfeind (registered July 2009), Per pale gules and azure, an open book sable irradiated Or, asking whether irradiation should be considered equivalent to a flame for purposes of conflict. Since no commenters addressed the issue beyond asking whether it was a conflict, and the badge has been returned for other conflict, we decline to rule on that issue at this time.

This submission adds a field and an annulet to hopefully clear the conflicts.

11: Fygen Abendroth - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Argent, a gore gules and in chief three annulets in fess sable

Language and culture (German) most important. Fygen is a 16th century feminine given name from Germany according to Julie Adams, "Renaissance German Names" (http://www.gerryadamsconstruction.com/germans/names.html). An example is Fygen Lützenkirchen, who was active in the silk guild in Cologne from 1474-1497 (http://www.frauen-gedenk-labyrinth.de/historifrauen.html and http://www.stadt-koeln.de/6/sehenswertes/rathaus/rathausturm/04305/index.html). She appears in a list of names from an exhibit on the silk trade from the Frauenmuseum in Bonn, Germany, along with Fygen Knechtgen and Fygyn van Sybergh (http://www.tinewilde.com/conceptlaterne.htm).

Anne Echois and Marty Williams, An Annotated Index of Medieval Women (Princeton, NJ: Markus Weiner Publishing, Inc., 1992, p. 194; http://books.google.com/books?id=KfGZM8RXSJwC) discusses Fygen van Berchem, who was active c. 1440s to 1502 in Germany. Bahlow/Gentry, s.n. Gigge, notes that Figen is the equivalent of 'Sophie', and that it was the basis of the surnames Fygeken (1457), Fygen (1380), Fyginck (1410), Gygener (1488), and Fyggener (1533). Abendroth is a header from Bahlow, Deutsches Namenlexicon, pp. 20-1. Dated forms include von Abenrode (1250) and Aventrot (1400). Bahlow/Gentry, s.n. Abendroth, states that it is a "widely used fantasy name", possibly related to the name of the giant Abentrot from the legend of King Rother, and gives the same dated froms as the other book by Bahlow. The submitter prefers the header spelling, Abendroth.

Commenters noted that Brechenmacher states that the surname is most often a varient of Appenrodt, citing a transitional form of Abenroth. Examples are Heinr. de Abenrode (1250), Martin Abentrot (1578). Secondly, it could have a meaning of 'sunset', citing Pfarrer Auberoth (1483). Lastly, the giant in the Dietrich saga, Awentrod, lent the name Eben(t)rot, which is a separate entry in the book.

12: Gaspar Pereira - New Name forwarded

Language and culture (Portuguese) most important. Both Gaspar and Periera are found in Juliana de Luna, "Portuguese Names from the 16th Century: Letters from the Court of King John III" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portugal16/). Gaspar is the 21st most popular name listed, with six instances noted. Pereira is found in the raw data for the article (ibid., http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/portugal16/portugal16data.html#list): Diogo Botelho Pereira (Dyogo), Francisco Pereira, and Joam Pereyra (Jo{a~}o, Pereira), dated to 1533, and Nuno Vaaz Pereyra and his sister Viol{a~}te Pereyra, dated to 1537.

13: Godefroy de Lisieues - New Name forwarded & New Device forwarded

Azure, a boar salient contourney argent armed and crined Or and a chief ermine

Godefroy is found in Colm Dubh, "An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/paris.html#G). de means 'of' in French. Lisieues is found in D&R, s.n. Lisieux, p. 406. The submitted spelling is dated to 1160.

The name is clear of Godefroy Lévêque (03/2002, Atlantia) due to the difference in sound and appearance of the byname.

14: Rowena Moore - New Device Change forwarded

Bendy argent and vert, on a chief gules a quatrefoil argent

Old Item: Vert, on a nesselblatt argent a cluster of rowan berries gules slipped vert, to be retained. Her name and previous device were registered in 05/1996 via the East.

This righteously awesome device is clear of Naadirah bint 'Ali (07/2004, West), Bendy argent and vert, on a chief purpure three sexfoils argent. There is a CD for changing the tincture of the chief, and another for changing the number and type of tertiary (quatrefoil vs. sexfoil).

15: Þórlæifr hvítskegg - Resub Badge forwarded

(Fieldless) An arrow Or and overall a wolf's head caboshed argent

His name was registered 03/2007 via the East. His first device submission, Sable, three wolf's heads caboshed one and two argent each jessant of an arrow Or, was returned in 12/2007 for having two steps from period practice: one for the use of a head other than a leopard jessant, and another for the use of a jessant charge that wasn't a fleur-de-lys. The second submission, Sable, three wolf's heads caboshed one and two argent, was returned in 11/2008 (East) for conflict with Fandal Silverfox, Sable, a fox's mask argent. A badge was on the 12/31/2009 Internal Letter of Intent, but was withdrawn by the submitter.

16: Wentliana Bengrek - Resub Device forwarded

Purpure, three pegasi rampant to sinister argent

Her name was registered in 03/2008 via the East. Her prior device submission, Purpure, three pegasi segreant argent, was returned on the 07/2009 LoAR (East):

Sadly, this lovely device conflicts iwth the device of Elena Catalina Santangelo y Fernandez, Purpure, three horses rampant argent. There is not considered to be substantial (X.2) difference between horses and pegasi, because a pegasus is defined as a horse with wings. There is, therefore, only a single CD for the addition of the wings.

The current submission changes the orientation of the pegasi to clear the conflict.

Standard Bibliography:

[Bahlow and Bahlow/Gentry] Bahlow, Hans. Deutsches Nameslexikon.

[D&R] Dauzat, Albert and Rostaing, Charles. Dictionnaire Etymologique des Noms de Lieux de la France.

[Geirr Bassi] Geirr Bassi Haraldsson. The Old Norse Name. Studia Marklandica I. Olney, MD: Markland Medieval Militia. 1977.

[R&W] Reaney, P.H. and R. M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. 3rd edn.

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[Fellows-Jensen] Fellows-Jensen, Gillian. Scandinavian Personal Names in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire. Copenhagen. Akademisk Forlag. 1968.