Alys Mackyntoich

13 November 2013

Unto to the East Kingdom College of Heralds, upon the Feast of Saint Divinicus, greetings and every good thing! Here is the Letter of Decisions for the October 2013 Internal Letter of Intent. The original text from the iLoI is bolded, and is followed by my comments in unbolded text.

Thank you to the following commenters: Abdullah ibn Harun, Aria Gemina Mala, Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Schwarzdrachen), Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme (Batonvert), Brunissende Dragonette (Hyrondelle), Eleazar ha-Levi, ffride wlffsdotter (Goutte d'Eau), Gawain of Miskbridge (Green Anchor), Gunnvor silfraharr (Orle), Jeanne Marie Lacroix (Noir Licorne), Joscelin le esqurel (Blue Tyger), Juetta Copin, Kay Leigh Mac Whyte (Tyger Clerk of the Signet), Kiho, Lillia de Vaux (Diademe), Martyn de Halliwell, Michel von Schiltach, Modar Neznanich (Volk), Ryan McWhyte (Brigantia), Simeon ben Iucef de Alcacar, Tanczos Istvan (Non Scripta), and Yehuda ben Moshe (Elmet). I could not do my job without your contributions.

Your servant,
Alys Mackyntoich
Eastern Crown Herald

1: Agapios Cargos - New Device Pended

Gules, in saltire two swords inverted Or winged argent interlaced with two serpents argent.

This device is pended for redrawing due to the unidentifiability of the charges. It was suggested by many commenters that the snakes would be more identifiable if they were knowed in the shape of a period knot.

2: Alexander Makcristyne - New Device Change Forwarded

Or, in pale two ravens within a bordure sable.

Old Item: Vert, a crampon within a bordure argent, to be released.

This device appears clear of that of Robert Thompson (Jan. 2008, Atlantia): Quarterly Or and sable, two ravens sable within a bordure counterchanged. There is one DC for field and another DC for the tincture of the bordure.

3: Alexi Gensel - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) A goose displayed head to sinister azure.

Pennsic Herald's Point identified a possible conflict with Sheila Eileen Natalia MacDougal of Perth (Aug. 1987, An Tir): Ermine, a dove displayed azure grasping a vine vert, flowered purpure. The submitter was made aware of the possible conflict.

This badge appears clear of Sheila's device. There is one DC for field vs. fieldlessness and another DC because geese and doves fall into different categories of birds under the November 2003 Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2003/11/03-11cl.html). There is an SFPP for the use of a bird other than an eagle in the displayed posture.

4: Angelina Capasso - Resub Device Forwarded

Per fess sable and gules, a Latin cross Or and a daisy slipped and leaved proper.

This device is a resubmission of Gules, a passion cross ermine between in base two daisies slipped and leaved proper and on a chief invected argent three pairs of wings in lure gules, which was returned on the March 2012 LoAR for the following reason:

This device is returned for violating section VIII.1.a. Tincture and Charge Limit, which says "As a rule of thumb, the total of the number of tinctures plus the number of types of charges in a design should not exceed eight." This device has a complexity count of nine, with five tinctures (gules, ermine, argent, vert, Or) and four types of charge (cross, daisies, chief, wings); while allowances may be given for good period style, this submission does not fit that criteria. Removing the daisies would likely be the easiest change.
This simplified design corrects the reason for the return.

The blazon has been adjusted to make it clear that the two charges are co-primary.

5: Angelina Capasso - New Badge Pended

Gules, a cross of Saint Brigid Or and issuant from base a daisy slipped and leaved proper.

There is a Step from Period Practice for the use of a cross of Saint Brigid. [Brighid Bhreathnach, 5/2013 LoAR, A-Middle].

This badge is pended for redrawing, as the current emblazon is unclear whether these are two primary charges or a primary and a secondary charge.

6: Borujin Acilaldai - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per pall azure argent ermined gules and sable, a compass star elongated to base argent and two dragon's heads respectant couped counterchanged breathing flames gules.

Borujin: Paul Buell, A to Z of the Mongol World Empire (available in preview form on Google Books) says that Boru was the name of a Mongol general in thirteenth-century China. -jin is a feminine suffix used in Mongol names. No documentation was provided for this assertion about -jin. However, "On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names" by Baras-aghur Naran (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongol.html) states that -jin means "of."

Acilaldai is a constructed name intended to mean "person with filial piety". Acilal is listed in the Lingua Mongolia dictionary (http://linguamongolia.co.uk) as meaning "benevolence" or "filial piety". -dai is a suffix meaning "with". Examples from Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy's "Mongolian Naming Practices" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolian_names_marta.html) include Alchidai, Khoridai, Bagaridai, Borjigidai, Bugidai, etc.

The names have been constructed following the rules of Mongol vowel harmony. The form does not explain "the rules of Mongol vowel harmony" so commentary on constructing Mongol names from disparate elements would be appreciated.

The submitter allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small.

There is a Step from Period Practice for the use of a compass star under Appendix G of SENA.

The Buell book cited in the documentation is found at: http://books.google.com/books?id=se_OWGwQ_dcC. Unfortunately it looks like the page that discusses Boru is available only in snippet, not in full. Boru is mentioned again as the name of a Mongol general c. 1223 at p. 136 of "The Mongols: A History" by Jeremiah Curtin (Little, Brown & Co., 1907), available on Google books at http://books.google.com/books?id=5PgTAAAAIAAJ. Kingdom lacks sufficient resources and knowledge concerning Mongol naming to determine whether this name is properly constructed from plausible elements. We are hopeful that Society level commentary will be more fruitful.

The blazon has been simplified to remove extraneous commas and to remove the blazoning of the dragons' "bellies," which is an artistic detail.

7: Borujin Acilaldai - New Badge Returned

Argent, an arm embowed sable sustaining a lute proper in base the phrase "Sumo Dracos" sable.

The submitter's name a device appear elsewhere on this letter.

The form says that the phrase "Sumo Dracos" translates as "choose dragons." That famous "expert" Google Translate renders it as "choose the dragon."

Precedent requires that letters, when used as charges, be drawn in a medieval hand. [Donngal de Buchanan, August 2012 LoAR, R-Atenveldt]. As the writing on this badge is not in a recognizable period hand, and no evidence was presented to the contrary, this badge must be returned.

In addition, the submitter should be aware that "Sumo Dracos" is gibberish and does not have the desired meaning. Suggestions from Aryanhwy Schwarzdrachen and Gunnvor Orle for the correct Latin formation were:

Seligo Draconem, meaning "I choose the dragon";
Seligo Dracones, meaning "I choose the dragons";
Sele Draconem, meaning "[You, yes YOU!] Choose the dragon!";
Sele Dracones, meaning "[You, yes YOU!] Choose dragons!";
Selite Draconem, meaning "[Y'all, yes YOU PEOPLE!] Choose the dragon!"; and
Selite Dracones, meaning "[Y'all, yes YOU PEOPLE!] Choose dragons!"
As correcting these issues requires more than ministerial changes, I am returning this device rather than pending it and redrawing it.

8: Briana Douglase - Resub Device Pended

Per pale and per chevron grady argent and azure, in chief two doves rousant respectant wings displayed within a bordure counterchanged.

The chevron as drawn is too low and does not meet the requirements of the May 2011 Cover Letter. This device has been pended for redrawing to correct both this defect and the unblazonable posture of the wings, either of which would be cause for return.

9: Connor McPhaddin - Resub Device Forwarded

Per chevron argent and azure, two Thor's hammers and a wolf's head couped counterchanged.

The submitter's prior submission, Per chevron argent and azure, two Thor's hammers azure and two spears in saltire Or surmounted by a wolf's head couped argent, was returned on the April 2010 LoAR for violating the rule against slot machine heraldry. This resubmission removes the third primary charge, correcting the problem that caused the return.

10: Danika of Stonemarche - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Sable, on a winged elephant sejant trumpeting argent a fleur de lis vert.

Danicha appears as a header form in Paul Goldschmidt's "Dictionary of Period Russian Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/d.html), with patronymic forms dated to 1426 and 1442. The submitter would like Danica or Danika as the given name if it can be documented.

Stonemarche, Barony of was registered in May of 1989 (via the East).

Submitted as Danica of Stonemarche, only the spelling Danicha was documented. Gawain Green Anchor stated in commentary that, under the International Phonetic System, the name Wickenden renders as Danicha could also be rendered as Danika. Since that spelling was requested by the submitter, I have made that change.

11: Diederik von Wolffhagen - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per chevron inverted sable and azure, a chevron inverted argent between a wolf rampant Or and two wolves combattant argent.

Diderick is a Low German masculine given name dated to the 13th-17th C in Seibicke, v. 1, s.n. Dietrich. Spellings are Dyderik (1355/83 to the 15th C); Dideri(c)k, Diderik, and Diderk (1404); Diderick (1441); and Diderik (15th C). The submitter really wants the spelling Diederik.

Fortunately for the submitter, it appears that the spelling he wants is documentable via the Family Search Historical Records:

Diederik Gerritsz; Male; Christening Date: 17 Jan 1612; Christening Place: Nieuwekerk, Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands; Batch: C00826-1

Wolffhagen is a German place name found in Ortelius map 92, dated 1579 (http://www.orteliusmaps.com/topnames/ort92.html). The submitter would like the Wolfhagen, if it can be justified.

The pattern of von X in locative bynames in German is documented in Appendix A of SENA.

Commenters were unable to find the exact spelling of the byname requested by the submitter. However, Martyn de Halliwell found Wulfhagen in the Waldeck Comitatus from 1650 by Jan Jansson (http://alabamamaps.ua.edu/historicalmaps/europe/germany_prussia/hessen.html).

With respect to the device, commenters identified a potential conflict with Ulfr bonde (Aug. 2005, Artemisia): Per chevron inverted sable and azure, a chevron inverted and in chief a wolf rampant maintaining in the raised dexter paw a quill pen fesswise and in the lowered sinister paw a sword argent. There is one DC for the change in the number of secondaries. Commentary was uncertain on whether there was also a DC for a change in tincture of at least half of the secondary charge group. I am forwarding this for wider commentary and a ruling from Wreath.

12: Duncan Kerr - Resub Device Forwarded

Azure, on a bend argent three crosses couped palewise azure.

Two Duncan Kerrs have been registered; one in the East and one in Caid. This submission is for the one in the East, who does not have a registered device at this time.

The submitter was offered the option of a free name change to distinguish him from the other registered Duncan Kerr, but respectfully declined.

Commenters identified a potential conflict with the device of Katherine Rhys (Apr. 2003, Atenveldt): Azure, on a bend between two quadrants argent three crosses couped azure. There is one DC for the secondary charges on Katherine's device. In addition, there is a DC for the orientation of the crosses. Istvan Non Scripta checked the archives and confirmed that Katherine's crosses are bendwise.

13: Else vom Schnee - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Azure, a sledge argent.

Else is a female given name found in "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia," by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/bahlow_v.htm), s.n. Elizabeth. Else is dated to 1374.

von der Schnee is found in Brechenmacher, pg 543 s.n. der Schnee dated to 1440.

The heraldic charge of a sledge appears in Siebmacher plate 170, top left, arms of Von Schlitsted.

Submitted as Else von der Schnee, commenters were unable to confirm the Brechenmacher cite for the byname. However, Brechenmacher has an entry for Schnee on p. II:543 with a citation for Franz Ernst vom Schnee, dated 1611. I have changed the byname to match the documentation.

14: Francesco Gaetano Greco d'Edessa - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) A mitre Or banded argent issuant from a coronet Or.

The submitter was made a Court Baron by the East Kingdom in April 2008, and thus is entitled to bear a coronet in his arms.

Pennsic Herald's Point noted that Konrad Grunenberg's Roll, c. 1480 (http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0003/bsb00034952/images/index.html?id=00034952&fip=xseneayae ayaewqeayaeayaxdsydwen&no=11&seite=13) shows a mitre being used used by a non-bishop, suggesting that this charge is not presumptuous. It would be very helpful if someone could find an image of the referenced armory in the armorial and confirm that it does not belong to a bishop or other high-ranking church official.

This is the sixth piece of armory for this submitter; he currently has a device and four badges registered. The Administrative Handbook I.B states that "[i]ndividuals may register no more than six names and six pieces of armory."

The correct link for Grunenberg roll is: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0003/bsb00035320/images/index.html?seite=131&fip=193.174.98. 30

Bruce Batonvert made the following argument that mitres should not be a reserved charge:

Anyway, about mitres. They're most commonly found as charges in the arms of bishoprics and other ecclesiastical settings, and at one point, I'd wondered whether they were an ipso facto example of a period reserved charge. But mitres do appear in other, non-ecclesiastical armories. Most notably, the arms of von Kirschberg, with a woman (sometimes depicted as a Mooress, sometimes depicted as a queen) holding a mitre. The two examples I attach are from Konrad Grunenberg's roll, c.1480, and the Neustifter Wappenbuch, mid-16th C. Kirschberg's arms are also a quartering in the arms of the great banking family of Fugger, but I think the undifferenced form of Kirschberg is easier to make out. The use of the mitre in a non-ecclesiastical context removes the possibility that it might be perceived as a mark of office or rank.
The registerability of a mitre should be decided by Wreath and Laurel, so I am forwarding this badge for their consideration.

If the mitre is registerable, there are two potential conflicts. First, the badge of Catherine the Merry (May 1993, Trimaris): Azure, a fool's cap Or; second, the device of William Worm (Aug. 2001, Ansteorra): Gules, a monk's hood Or. In both cases, there is a DC for fields vs. fieldlessness. The question is whether there is also a DC between a mitre and a fool's cap or a monk's hood. Once again, the East is sending some "fun" up to Wreath.

15: Francisco Sanchez Pancho - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Sable, two pickaxes in saltire argent.

Francisco is a male given name dated to 1328 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Leonese Names from the First Half of the 14th Century," (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/spanish/leonfarmer.html).

Sanchez is a patronymic byname dated to 1376 and 1567 in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "Late-Period Spanish Men's Names from Seville" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/spanish/silversmiths.html).

Pancho is a descriptive meaning "belly or stomach," usage dated to 1575 in Nuevas ordenanzas de la coca (CORDE).

The name pattern [given] + [patronymic] + [descriptive] is found in Appendix A of SENA for Spanish names. The submitter prefers Francisco Pancho Sanchez if that can be documented, but is content with Francisco Sanchez Pancho. Assistance documenting the pattern [given] + [descriptive] + [patronymic] in Spanish is requested.

He allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small.

I believe the request for a feminine name is a typo, and I have contacted the submitter to confirm that.

The submitter confirmed that he wants a masculine name. The check box on the form is a typo.

16: Gallio Seius Ulixes - New Name Forwarded

All the name elements are found in Roman Names: Selecting and Using your Roman Name at (www.legionxxiv.org/nomens). This source has been approved for SCA use until better sources become available. [Manius Herminius Falconius, 8/2011 LoAR, A-Gleann Abhann].

Gallio is found in the list of praenomens

Seius is found as a nomen

Ulixes is found as a cognomen

17: Generys William - New Device Forwarded

Per bend sinister flory counter-flory sable and Or, three mullets Or and a jackdaw close sable.

A jackdaw is a type of crow found in Europe (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Jackdaw)

Commenters suggested that the jackdaw be reblazoned as a crow, but the jackdaw has deep personal meaning for the submitter. Therefore, I am leaving it in the blazon.

18: Gerhard Stormeclocke - New Device Forwarded

Lozengy argent and purpure, on a tower sable a lightning bolt Or.

The submitter's name was registered on the May 2013 LoAR.

There is a Step from Period Practice for the use of a lightning bolt not as part of a thunderbolt. [Jack Marvell, 4/2012 LoAR, A-Meridies].

19: Guy Cheveux de Guise - New Badge Forwarded

Sable, a chevron between three crosses couped fitchy, a chief argent.

Originally blazoned as Latin crosses, the emblazon does not depict Latin crosses, which have the bottom bar longer than the others. I have reblazoned the badge to identify the crosses properly as crosses couped fitchy. This badge is clear of the armory of al-Sadiq ibn Ahmad ibn Ibrahim (Aug. 2000, Drachenwald): Gules, a chevron between three Latin crosses fitchy, a bordure argent. There is one DC for the field and another DC for the difference between a bordure and a chief.

20: Ishi'i Gentarou Takatora - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per pale vert and sable, a dragonfly fesswise reversed argent.

Ishi'i is a Family Name Found in NCMJ at p. 153 s.n. Rock dated to 1392.

Gentarou is created from the prefix Gen found in the list of Common Tsuushou of Famous Clans' found in NCMJ at p. 37 combined with Tarou found on p. 211 meaning 'First Son'.

Takatora is a historical masculine Nanori dated to 1568 found in NCMJ 2nd Ed p. 358.

Kiho disagreed with the submitter's construction of the second name element and offered an alternative construction:

Gentarou as documented combines a character from a Tsuushou with a standard masculine Yobina without justification for this combination. Based on the discussion on p. 37, a Tsuushou would combine a descriptive element from the clan name, in this case "GEN", with a substantive element based on birth order, in this case "TA", but doesn't provide any evidence for the use of the "ROU" ("son") suffix (common in ordinary masculine Yobina) in Tsuushou. Thus, if the attempt is to use a Tsuushou, the historical Tsuushou "Genta" is the justified form.
However, "Gentarou" can possibly be justified as a constructed masculine yobina. "Genkutarou" is a historical masculine yobina dated to 1600 (p. 211). It is made up of four elements: "GEN" (young scholar, a different GEN than the above (meaning Base/Original)), "KU" (nine), "TA" and "ROU" (together meaning "First Son"). Based on the other examples on that page of a masculine yobina constructed in the pattern "descriptive element + TAROU", dropping the KU from the historical yobina to form "Gentarou" seems like a plausible construction.
As Japanese is very far outside of my skill set, I am forwarding this name with Kiho's commentary for the benefit of Society commenters.

21: Ivarr Rambason - New Name Forwarded and New Device Returned

Per pale sable and argent, a ram's skull caboshed and in chief a roundel counterchanged.

Ivarr is found as a masculine given name on the Viking Answer Lady's web page (www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml), which states: "Found in Old Danish as Iwar, in Old Swedish as Ivar, and in OW.Norse as Ívarr." The submitter prefers the OW.Norse spelling without the initial accent. He will accept the accent if necessary for registration.

Rambi also appears on the Viking Answer Lady's web page (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#r), which states: "Short form of Ragnbjörn. Occurs as a personal name in the nominative case form [ramri] in Ög215: "Rambi raised this stone in memory of Özurr, his son."

Rambason is intended to be a patronymic indicating son of Rambi, constructed according to the rules set out in Geirr-Bassi.

Unfortunately, this device conflicts with that of Étienne Dupré (July 1993, Atenveldt): Per pale sable and argent, a ram's head erased affronty and a bordure dovetailed counterchanged. There is only a single DC here, for the difference between a roundel and a bordure.

22: Jacob the Wanderer - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Vert, a coyote guardant contourny maintaining an arrow and on a chief argent a one-horned anvil contourny sable.

Jacob is a Polish given name found in Lillia de Vaux, "A Preliminary Survey of Names from the Historical Dictionary of Personal Names in Bialystok" (2011 KWHSS Proceedings and http://st-walburga.aspiringluddite.com/docs/Bialystok.pdf), dated 1569 and 1640-1 in Latinized inflected forms. In addition, the Latinized form Jacobus is found in 1569 (and in inflected forms between 1569 and 1640-1).

the Wanderer is a Lingua Anglica translation of the attested Polish byname Wandrownyk, found in Taszycki, Slownik Staropolskich Nazw Osobowych, s.n. Wedrownik. May 2008 Cover Letter (http://heraldry.sca.org/loar/2008/05/08-05cl.html). Alternatively, Wanderer is a German surname found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "German Names from Nürnberg, 1497" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/german/surnamesnurnn-z.html).

The use of a New World animal is a Step from Period Practice under Appendix G of SENA. Pennsic Herald's Point provided evidence that the coyote was known to Europeans in Period. According to "The Animals of Spain: An Introduction to Imperial Perceptions and Human Interaction with Other Animals (1492-1826)" by Abel Alves (http://books.google.com/books?id=lxKw6_zC5iMC) at p. 25, a Fransciscan priest, Bernardino de Sahagún (d. 1590), wrote about the coyote in his Florentine Codex: General History of the Things of New Spain.

A snippet preview of a translation of the Florentine Codex is available on Google Books, with the discussion of the coyote found at p. 7-8 (http://books.google.com/books?id=S3ILAQAAIAAJ&q=coyote+Florentine+Codex+New+Spain&dq=coyote+Floren_tine+Codex+New+Spain&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ACFSUuTIPPGt4AOxkYH4Bg&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAg)

I have corrected the blazon to describe the posture of the coyote accurately and to reflect that the arrow is maintained and not sustained. There was some debate about whether the primary charge was recognizable as a coyote. I find it reasonably identifiable as a coyote, so I am forwarding it.

23: Karl von Weisbaden - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Or, on a flame gules a duck close to sinister Or.

Karl is found in Bahlow under Karl, "at the time of the Carolingians was popular with royal and noble famalies... in the middle ages." and Brechenmacher under Karl(e) as a male first name Karl from 1275.

The von X pattern for German locatives is found in App. A of SENA.

Weisbaden is a German city dating back the time of Charlemagne, and was referenced by his biographer in 828 and 830. The spelling Weisebade (Latinized context) is found in Brechenmacher, s.n. Wiesbader, 1258.

The submitter allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small

24: Klaus Winterhalter von Walachey - Resub Device Forwarded

Argent, an eagle rising to sinister regardant, wings displayed, on a chief embattled sable three mullets voided and interlaced within and conjoined to as many annulets argent.

This device is a resubmission of Per fess Or and gules, an eagle rising contourny regardant wings displayed sable and on a chief embattled azure three mullets of eight points voided and interlaced Or, which was returned on the February 2011 LoAR with the following explanation:

This device is returned for violating the Rules for Submissions. Section VIII.3 of the Rules for Submissions requires that "Voiding and fimbriation may only be used with simple geometric charges placed in the center of the design." Charges on a chief, by definition, are not in the center of the design.
That ruling was overturned in the November 2011 LoAR, which permitted registration of a chief invected purpure a mullet voided and interlaced within and conjoined to an annulet Or, with the following explanation:
Plain mullets voided seem to be fairly rare in period armory, but a mullet of five or six points voided and interlaced was certainly not unknown. Therefore, as both a default mullet, of five points, voided and interlaced and a mullet of six points voided and interlaced are easily recognizable and simple, we are hereby declaring their voiding and interlacing a part of their definition, and partially overturning the Feb 2011 precedent. That precedent will continue to apply with mullets of more than six points voided and interlaced, as being charges that are too complex. Charges that are voided as part of their definition, including such as mascles and annulets, may be used in all types of charge groups.
We will continue to not use the terms pentagram or pentacle, due to their possible confusion over whether or not an annulet is involved.
The March 2009 Cover Letter, when talking about charges within annulets, says "When both are present in a design...where they would be expected to be a secondary charge, the widget and the annulet will both be considered part of the same group." Likewise, when both would be expected to be a tertiary charge, as in this device, they are both part of the same group, not two separate groups of tertiary charges.[Ariel Lovechild, 11/2011 LoAR, A-Ansteorra].

This was mistakenly submitted at Pennsic as a new device. I have contacted the submitter about whether he wishes a refund of the fees paid at Pennsic.

Commentary was divided about whether the posture of the bird was blazonable. As there appear to be some period depictions of rising that match this emblazon, I am forwarding this for additional commentary. Commenters also questioned whether there were two tertiary charge groups on the chief. Precedent states that mullets of five points voided and interlaced conjoined to annulets, colloquially known as pentacles, may be used as tertiary charges. They are considered part of the same charge group and not as two separate groups of tertiary charges. [Ariel Lovechild, 11/2011 LoAR, A-Ansteorra].

25: Lili von der Tann - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Vert, a dance of three points between two musical notes and a harp argent.

Lillie -- Beider, A Dictionary of Ashkenazic Given Names s.n. Lilie gives Lilia and Lille (1546) as medieval spellings of the name used by Jews in Germany. We ask for help in documenting the submitter's preferred given name spelling. The submitter is OK with changes to given name as long as it sounds like the flower word.

von der Tann is a byname dated to 1490 in H.H. Hofmann, Historischer Atlas von Bayern, which is available in snippet form on Google Books at http://books.google.com/books?ei-aGT1Uez2Mlv08ATyv4DwBg. This source does not appear to normalize names (several are Latinized).

Submitted as Lillie von der Tann, the spelling of the given name was not directly supported by the documentation. The submitter wanted a name that sounded like "lily" (as in the flower). I found the following in the Family Search Historical Records:

Lili Negelein; Female; Marriage; 20 May 1582; Sankt Johann Evangelisch, Schwaebisch Hall, Jagstkreis, Wuerttemberg; Batch: M92340-1
As the submitter permits all changes, I have changed the name to reflect this documented spelling with the desired sound.

Commenters had difficulty accessing the Google Book cited for the byname. Gunnvor Orle supplied alternative documentation from Ludwig Heim and Cyriacus Spangenberg. Hennebergische Chronica. Vol. 3. Scheidemantel. 1776. (http://books.google.com/books?id=NfQ-AAAAcAAJ), dating the name as follows:

1293 Simon de Ahete von der Tann p.151.
1345 Ritter Heinrich von der Tann p.154.
1450 Anton von der Tann p. 21.
1465 Hans von der Tann p. 22.
1510 Hanß von der Tann p. 11.
1521 Caspar von der Tann, plebanus p. 356.
Gunnvor also supplied the following additional documentation from Franz Anton Jäger. Briefe über die hohe Rhöne Frankens. Vol. 3. Arnstadt and Rudolstadt: Langbein und Kluger. 1803. (http://books.google.com/books?id=cIEAAAAAcAAJq):
1532 Eberhard von der Tann p. 15.
1563 Friedrich von der Tann p. 26.
1584 Melchior Anargt von der Tann p. 16.
1628 Kaspar von der Tann p. 27.
These citations more than support the submitted form of the byname.

26: Nikolaus Johann Claus - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per bend gules and sable, on a bend between two stags courant Or, three holly leaves palewise vert fructed gules.

Nikolaus is found dated to 1360 in Brechenmacher p. 322 s.n. Nikolaus.

Johann appears undated in Bahlow p. 278 s.n. Johannes, but the entry mentions that it was a popular name due to the Saint.

Claus is found in Brechenmacher p. 51 s.n. Klaus "Koseform Nikolaus, s. d. 1294 Uzo Gen. Claus zu E[ss]lingen"

Commenters did not find the combination of name and armory overly allusive to Santa Claus. The documentation did not provide a date for Johann. However, this omission was easily corrected as Johann appears as a given name in 15th cen. Arnsburg according to "Late Period German Masculine Given Names" by by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/germmasc.html).

27: Persephone de Acres - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Azure, two sea-horses respectant and on a chief invected argent a trireme proper with sail set azure.

Persephone is the name of a Greek goddess. In January 2009, Persephone was ruled to follow the 12th and 13th century English pattern of creating "fanciful Greek and Latin origin names." [Persephone Hume of Paislie, 1/2009 LoAR, A-Middle]. This ruling was the basis for the registration of Persephone again in February 2013. [Persephone Odymsy, 2/2013 LoAR, A-Calontir]. Recent data has confirmed the usage of Greek goddess names by English women in period, including the following entries from the IGI/Family Search records:

Phoebe Defraine 20 Jul 1574 Toddington, Bedford, England, batch P00391-1
Dione Bowdon 20 Oct 1576 Horsington, Lincoln, England, batch C02943-3
Clymene Pinder 19 Jan 1622 South Creake, Norfolk, England, batch C04142-1
Selene Neale 04 Aug 1583 Bideford, Devon, England, batch C05032-1
Maia Newberye 08 Dec 1616 Aldermaston, Berkshire, England, batch C15515-1
Thalia Smith 25 Mar 1609 Pillerton Priors, Warwick, England, batch C04376-2
de Acres: found "Adam de Acres" in Reaney & Wilson, pg. 2, s.n. Acres, dated 1346

The sea-horses originally were blazoned as hippocampi. However, the term hippocampi has not been used in blazon since 1997. I have reblazoned them as sea-horses consistent with College of Arms practice. A default trireme has its oars in action and its sail furled. Therefore, I have also changed the blazon to indicate that the sail is set.

28: Sarah le Payller - New Device Forwarded

Vert, on a pale Or, a winged domestic cat rampant sable marked argent.

The submitter's name was registered on the September 2013 LoAR. I have changed the blazon to identify the cat as a domestic cat, consistent with current practices.

29: Shoshana Gryffyth - New Name Change From Holding Name Pended

The identical name, Shoshana Gryffyth, was returned on the 02/2011 LoAR for conflict with Susannah Griffon (1983, Mid), under the RfS.

Under SENA, PN.3.C.2, Substantial Change to One Syllable, a name can be substantially different if single syllable is changed in both sound and appearance. The submitter argues that the terminal -yth sound in her byname is substantially different from -on in the conflicting name's byname, and should be clear under SENA. In the event that it is not, a Letter of Permission to Conflict is en route.

Shoshana is a modern standard transliteration of the Hebrew feminine given name, found in Beider, A Dictionary of Ashkenazic Given Names: Their Origins, Structure, Pronunciation, and Migrations (Bergenfield, NJ: Avotaynu, Inc., 2001), s.n. Shoshane. It is dated 1318 and 1338. Citing Beider (ibid.), Academy of Saint Gabriel report no. 3372 (http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi/3372.txt), states that,

<Shoshanah> derives from the Hebrew noun meaning "lily" or "rose." The name <Shoshanah> is not found in the Hebrew Bible, although the Hebrew common noun from which it derives appears in Song of Songs 2:1. The earliest evidence for the use of the name <Shoshanah> is the apocryphal book of Susanna. (The Apocrypha are not part of the Hebrew Bible.) Although <Susanna> was used by medieval Christians, <Shoshanah> was not a common Jewish name before 1600 and is not often encountered in records referring to Ashkenazic Jewish bearers [1]. We could not find examples of <Shoshana> among Sephardic Jews. In Hebrew, it is spelled [shin vav shin nun heh]. Examples in Hebrew are found in Germany, dated from 1318 to before 1342, and Austria, dated to 1641 [1]. We also found references in Czech-language records to Jewish women using names that are forms of <Shoshanah>: <Suzanne> in 1481, <Zuzana> in 1545, and <Zuzanna> in 1546. and ...<Shoshanah>...may be transliterated without the final silent /h/.
The St. Gabriel letter cites Beider (ibid.) for that information. The submitter prefers the terminal -a. (Note: Beider uses an academic transliteration scheme that's a little conservative in its use of vowels compared to normal use.) Per precedent, modern standard transliterations are registerable for languages like Hebrew [Avraham Harofeh, 10/2003], so the submitted spelling should be acceptable.

There is a pattern of using Hebrew given names in late-period England. Bardsley, "Curiosities of Puritan Nomenclature" at p. 60 says:

Several names seem to have been taken directly from the Hebrew tongue. * * Amalasioutha " occurs as a baptismal name in the will of a man named Corbye, 1594 (Rochester Wills) ; Bari-jirehah in that of J. Allen, 1651, and Michalaliel among the Pilgrim Fathers (Hotten).
At p. 59, Bardsley also quotes Lord Macaulay as saying (in reference to the Puritans): "They paid to the Hebrew language a respect which they refused to that tongue in which the discourses of Jesus and the Epistles of Paul have come down to us. They baptized their children by the names, not of Christian saints, but of Hebrew patriarchs and warriors."

Gryffyth is found in R&W, s.n. Griffith dated to 1524.

Shoshana is the submitter's Hebrew name. As such, it can be registered under the Legal Name Allowance. [Liora eishet Yehoshua, 04/01, A-Middle]. Proof of the submitter's Hebrew name is pending. The letter of permission to conflict from Susannah Griffon has been received, although I believe it probably is not necessary.

30: Sybilla of Rona - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per pale purpure and argent, a falcon displayed head to sinister counterchanged within a bordure engrailed gules.

Sybilla is found as a feminine given name at family history (IGI) as Sybilla Fyld married 1584 in Wotcester, England batch M14769-1

Rona is an undated header form in Johnston, Place Names of Scotland at p.256. Rona is found in the map of "Scotland- North-West and Skye" in _Atlas of the British Isles by van den Keere c 1605_, plate 35 [Publ. Harry Margary, Lympne Castle, Kent]. Lillia Diademe has promised to provide a scan during commentary.

The submitter allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small.

Lillia Diademe provided the scan of the Atlas of the British Isles. The particular map showing Rona is marked "Petrus Kærius cælavit 1599".

31: Talan ap Gueiluirth - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per chevron argent and azure, three triskelions of spirals counterchanged.

Talan is found in "Cornish (and Other) Personal Names from the 10th Century Bodmin Manumissions," by Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/bodmin/celtic.htm#Celtic). Tangwystl characterizes the name as probably masculine, noting "Llandav lists a clerical witness and Redon a lay witness by this name. The Bodmin entry has no specific gender information."

ap Welsh patronymic marker

Gueiluirth is found in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn: "The First Thousand Years of British Names: Appendix V - Given names from the Llandav charters", sub-heading "Welsh Masculine" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/tangwystyl/british1000/appendix4_5.html#app5)

The submitter allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small.

The use of a triskelion of spirals is a Step from Period Practice under Appendix G of SENA.

32: þórý Veðardóttir - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Azure, a winged ounce rampant within an orle argent.

þórý is a feminine given name found in Geirr Bassi, p. 16. The name was originally þórey - it was changed by Lillia Diademe (Herald's Point Senior) to match the documentation.

Veðr is found at Viking Answer Lady Site (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml), s.n. Veðr, with the following explanation:

Found in Old Danish as the name Wæther and as the by-name Wether; occurs in Old Swedish as the by-name Vædher; and found in OW.Norse as the by-name Veðr. From OW.Norse veðr "weather" or OW.Norse veðr "wether, a gelded ram"; the latter is thought to be the case in Runic Swedish and in OW.Norse names. Runic examples all come fromm Uppland, Sweden and include the nominative case forms uaiþr, uaþr and the accusative form uaþr. The runic inscriptions show use as a personal-name instead of a by-name, for instance: U937 "þegn and Gunnarr raised the stones in memory of Veðr, their brother." U990 "Veðr and þegn and Gunnarr raised this stone in memory of Haursi, their father. May God help his spirit." U991 "þegn and Gunnarr raised the stones in memory of Veðr, their brother."
Confirmation that the patronymic is correctly formed would be appreciated.

The byname was wrongly spelled as Veðrardóttir; it should be Veðardóttir. I have made that change. Although the submitter allows no major changes, dropping a single letter is not a major change.

The device appears clear of that of Lu Tao-ying (Feb. 2012, Æthelmearc): Azure, a catamount rampant within an orle, a bordure argent. There is one DC for replacing the orle with a bordure, and another DC for adding the wings to the primary charge.

33: Vachir Arslajin - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Sable, a lightning bolt bendwise sinister erminois and in chief a lion's head erased Or.

All elements and the construction are documented using Baras-aghur Naran "On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongol.html).

Vachir is glossed as 'Thunderbolt'.

Arslajin is formed with a noun and suffix -jin. Arslan is glossed as 'of the Lion'. -jin is a suffix meaning 'of'. Note the dropping of the final consonant when attaching the suffix. Baras-aghur supports using an epithet as the second element of a Mongolian name.

Commenters questioned whether the second name element was correctly constructed. The documentation summary from Pennsic Herald's Point is in error. Arslan means simply "lion." Therefore the -jin suffix does not appear to be redundant.

I have corrected the blazon to indicate that the lightning bolt is bendwise sinister. The use of a lightning bolt is a Step from Period Practice. The device appeares to be clear of that of Sean de Carew (Mar. 1981, Ansteorra): Sable, a lightning flash bendwise sinister surmounted by a turtle tergiant erect argent, chased sable, with one DC for removing an overall charge group and a second DC for adding a secondary charge group.

34: Valery Eugenia Fitzgerald - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) A ship Or sailed argent issuant from a dance couped azure.

The emblazon depicts a generic ship according to the Pic Dic. I have changed the blazon accordingly.

35: Vivienne Aurelia de Lyon - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) In bend sinister a mullet of seven points voided and interlaced bendwise sinister Or conjoined to a crescent bendwise sinister argent.

Vivienne Aurelia de Lyon was registered on the April 2013 LoAR via the East. She already has a registered device, Gules, a winged lion rampant contourny and on a bordure Or three fleurs-de-lys sable.

I have adjusted the blazon based on commentary to depict more accurately the orientations of the charges. This badge should be clear of Croatia, Ancient, (Jan, 2000, West): Azure, in pale a mullet of six points Or and a crescent argent. Under SENA A5E4, the substantial change of arrangement of the charges from "in pale" to "in bend sinister" brings these clear.

36: Wulfgar Silfrahárr - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Sable, a demi-stag rampant within a bordure invected argent.

Submitted at Pennsic as Úlfgeirr Silfrahárr, the submitter subsequently informed me that he wanted the given name Wulfgar instead. Since that name is documentable, I was happy to make that change.

Wulfgar is the standardized Old English form of the attested Wulgar, found in "The Names of Testators in the Cartularium Saxonicum Malmesburiensem" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/malmesbury-oe.html), dated to 931. In the PASE Database, Wulfgar appears as the recorded name of a monk in Winchester, dated to c.964 - 1030 (http://www.pase.ac.uk/pdb?dosp=VIEW_RECORDS&st=PERSON_NAME&value=5884&level=1&lbl=Wulfgar) and as the recorded name of King Edward's portreeve at London dated 1042-1044 (http://www.pase.ac.uk/pdb?dosp=PAGE_CHANGE&N=2).

Silfrahárr is a constructed byname. The elements are found in Cleasby and Vigfusson. Silfr "silver" is found in compounded names such as silfrastaoir and silfrtoppr. Hárr adj. "-haired" is found in compounds like fagrhárr "fair haired" and rauðhárr "red-haired"

Old English and Old Norse can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.

Gunnvor Orle explained the construction of the byname in greater detail:

The construction is from the weak form of the adjective, silfri, which becomes genitive silfra, giving silfrahárr.
We know that metallic gold was used to refer to the color of hair:
þorkell gulkárr Landnámabók, Flóamanna saga. "The golden-haired", with golden hair, one whose hair has a gold color. (Jónsson's Tilnavne i den Islandske Oldlitteratur)
Árni gullskeggr (Sturlunga saga), Haraldr gullskeggr Heimskringla, Landnámabók, Fagrskinna). "Gold-beard", with a bright yellow beard. (Jónsson's Tilnavne i den Islandske Oldlitteratur)
gullbrá "gold-brow" (a woman's byname, found in gullbrárskáld "Gold-Brow's poet", the byname of Bjarni and Gizurr in Heimskringla, Orkneyinga saga, Skáldatal. "Gold-brow", or eyelashes bright as gold. (Jónsson's Tilnavne i den Islandske Oldlitteratur)
Svanhildr gullfjodr (Flateyjarbók, a legendary character). "Gold-feather", because of the splendor of her hair color. Svanhildr was a the daughter of Dag Dellingsson. (Jónsson's Tilnavne i den Islandske Oldlitteratur)
Horses named Gullfaxi "golden-mane" and Gulltoppr "golden-forelock" (Edda) Cleasby & Vigfússon, pp.220-221 s.v. gull.
We can also show evidence of hair being described as the color of silver metal:
A horse named Silfrtoppr "silver forelock" (Grímnismál) Cleasby & Vigfússon, p. 528 s.v. silfri.
Based on these examples, silfrahárr is a reasonable construction.

The device should be clear of the armory of Alric of Ashfield (Jan. 1996, Atenveldt): Sable, a stag trippant within a bordure embattled argent, with one DC for a regular stag vs. a demi-stag and a second DC for an invected (a "jagged" line) bordure vs. an embattled (a "square" line) bordure.

37: Yvonne Wanderer - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Gules, a schnecke issuant from base and in chief an arrow fesswise Or.

Yvonne is found as a female given name in "Names from the Role des taxes de l'arriere-ban du Bailliage d'Evreux, in 1562" by Brunissende Dragonette (http://st-walburga.aspiringluddite.com/docs/TaxEvreux.pdf)

Wanderer is found as a surname in Aryanhwy merch Catmael, "German Names from Nuernberg 1497" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/german/surnamesnernn-z.html).

French and German can be combined as long as the elements are within 300 years, per Appendix C of SENA.

The submitter allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small.

There is an SFPP for the use of a schnecke with a secondary charge.

The device appears clear of Ogedai Qara (June 2011, Atenveldt): Gules, a schnecke issuant from base and in chief three increscents Or. There is one DC for changing the number of secondary charges and another DC for changing the type of secondary charges. Commenters also identified a potential conflict with the badge of Balthazar van der Brugghe, appearing on the Caid July 29, 2013 LoI: Gules, issuant from base a schnecke and in dexter chief an ass's head cabossed Or. As Balthazar's badge is not yet registered, it does not yet present a conflict. Therefore, I am forwarding the device. I will be pursuing Balthazar for permission to conflict in the event his badge is registered.

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