Alys Mackyntoich

16 October 2013

Unto to the East Kingdom College of Heralds, upon the Feast of Saint Gall, greetings and every good thing! Here is the Letter of Decisions for the September 2013 Internal Letter of Intent. The original text from the iLoI is bolded, and is followed by my comments in unbolded text.

Thank you to the following commenters: Abdullah ibn Harun, Alana O'Keeve, Andreas von Meißen (Rowel), Aria Gemina Mala, Aryanhwy merch Catmael (Schwarzdrachen), Bianca di Alessandro, Brenna Lowri o Ruthin, Brita Mairi Svensdottir (Heppin), Brunissende Dragonette, Etienne Le Mons (Vexillum), ffride wlffsdotter (Goutte d'Eau), Gawain of Miskbridge (Green Anchor), Gunnvor silfraharr (Orle), Jeanne Marie Lacroix (Noir Licorne), Joscelin le esqurel (Blue Tyger), Juetta Copin, Kolosvari Arpadne Julia, Lillia de Vaux (Diademe), Mari Clock (Mural), Martyn de Halliwell, Modar Neznanich (Volk), Rohese de Dinan (Shadowdale Pursuivant), Tanczos Istvan (Non Scripta), and Yehuda ben Moshe (Elmet). I could not do my job without your contributions.

Your servant,
Alys Mackyntoich
Eastern Crown Herald

1: Abram of Dragon's Laire - New Name Forwarded

Abram is the submitter's legal given name, as seen on his Mississippi driver's license, attested by Cormac Crescent and Elsbeth Wulffeld. Abram is not obtrusively modern, as it appears in Aryanhwy merch Catmael's "English Given Names from 16th and Early 17th C Marriage Records" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/english/parishes/parishes.html) dated to 1611, albeit as a female name.

Dragon's Laire is a placename registered in the SCA, Kingdom of An Tir, in September 1996.

Abram is a masculine given name in period. It is found as a Jewish name in Beider, A Dictionary of Ashkenazic Given Names, s.n. Avrom, dated from the 10th C to before 1690, and as a Polish given name in Lillia de Vaux, A Preliminary Survey of Names from the Historical Dictionary of Personal Names in Bialystok (KHWSS Proceedings 2011), dated 1558 to 1640-1.

2: Aidan an Bhogha - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Purpure, in pale three bows fesswise Or.

Aidan is found as the Anglicized form of an Irish name in 'Vatican Regesta 576: 1476', Calendar of Papal Registers Relating to Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 13: 1471-1484 (1955), pp. 53-54. (http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=104979&strquery=Aidan).

an Bhogha is an Early Modern Irish descriptive byname intended to mean "of the bow," based on the word "boga" 'bow', found in EDIL:

boga bogha bóghadh
Keywords: bow; bow; curve; rainbow; Rainbow; plant
Letter: B
Line: 001
m. (ON loanword, Bidrag 59 , 127 ) bogha m., IGT Decl. § 2. bow (weapon): telggai b. fuile formach n-air ale, bar Laeg, LL 12280 ( TBC 6032 ). dorat E. . . . saigit ina b. , Arch. iii 323.17 . ro idhbair a séodu ule . . . etir eocho . . . + bogha + bolg?aighid, RC xviii 182.8 (Tig.). tucusa sidhi retha . . . mar soighid a bogha, Acall. 6057 - 8 v.l. batar leosen saigitbuilc . . . + bogada blathi blabuidi, Cog. 158.23 . do bogadaibh bircennaip benncrommaibh, CCath. 5442. tuc- catur in fraiss do bai isna bodhadaib dia 'raili `shot off the volley . . . in their bows ', Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . bró do bhogh- aibh `a dense mass of bows ', Magauran 3611 . h'fearg ag béin da mboghadhuibh `your fierceness tackling their bows (i.e. killing their bowmen)' (Notes), O'R. Poems 60. do bhris sé saighde an bhogha, Ps. lxxvi 3. Fig. a bogha an bháis, TSh. 3863. Attrib. gen.: lucht bóghadh `bowmen ', Rel. Celt. ii 188.26 . tarrla dfior bogha, 27 . bow, curve: co fuil an b. ata a timcill na talman comhcruinn `the curve ' (of the firmament), Ir. Astr. Tr. 22.21 . bogha uisge = a rainbow, Rev. iv 3. biorbhogha `a Rainbow', Eg. Gl. 733.
The grammar of the byname follows the pattern of creating descriptive bynames based on the names of weapons, seen in Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/Topic.shtml#Weapons). Although prior registration is no guarantee, this byname was registered in this form based on identical documentation as recently as July 2012. [Tomás an Bhogha Ó Néill, 7/2012 LoAR, A-East].

Anglicized Irish and Early Modern Irish can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.

3: Aidan na h-Innsi - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Azure, in saltire a sword inverted and an anchor Or.

Aidan is intended as a variant spelling of Áedán based on Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada's "Index of Names in Irish Annals" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Aedan.shtml). The raw data lists Aidain dated 763-768 and Aidhain dated to 787, suggesting Aidan as a plausible Middle Irish nominative form.

na hInnsi is a Middle Irish Gaelic descriptive byname meaning "[of] the Island" also found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/naHInnsi.shtml) with an Annals date of 922. The header form does not have the hyphen; the form in the raw data is na h-Innsi.

This device is likely clear of Rhode Island and Providence Plantation, State of (May 1999, Laurel): Azure, an anchor Or. Under SENA A.5.E.3, the change from one primary charge to two primary charges brings these devices completely clear.

4: Alana O'Keeve - New Badge Forwarded

Vert semy of snails Or.

5: Amarie de Saint Denis - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per saltire sable and gules, in cross a sun Or between four decrescents argent.

Submitted at Pennsic as Amaurri de Saint Denis, conversations with the submitter between Pennsic and this ILoI indicated that the name she really wants is Amarie. Since this name is documentable, I was happy to make this change.

Amarie is a feminine given name found in the IGI/Family Search Records for England:

Amarie Gossenhill; Female; Christening; 16 Dec 1575; MANCHESTER CATHEDRAL, MANCHESTER, LANCASHIRE, ENGLAND; Batch: P00546-1
de Saint Denis is found as a byname dated to 1421, 1438 in "French Names from Paris, 1421, 1423, & 1438" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/french/paris1423surnames.html).

English and French can be combined under Appendix C of SENA.

Commenters were divided on whether the charges were a single primary sun within four secondaries or five primary charges in cross. I am inclined to view this as five primary charges in cross and have adjusted the blazon accordingly.

6: Anna Serena - New Device Forwarded

Per chevron purpure and argent, three daisies counterchanged.

Although it is very dark, this submission was colored by the art tent at Pennsic Herald's Point, presumably with the correct markers. It appears more clearly purpure in person.

Lillia Diademe confirmed that Pennsic Herald's Point art tent used only the appropriate Crayola markers.

7: Ástríðr Elfvensdottir - New Device Forwarded

Gules, on a saltire Or a hedgehog sable.

Ástríðr Elfvensdottir was registered on the April 2013 LoAR via the East.

This device should be clear of the device of Karl der Wanderer (October 1979, Meridies): Gules, a saltire barbed Or. The four ends of a saltire barbed are arrowheads. The difference between an arrow-headed saltire and a saltire throughout should be worth a DC. Therefore, I am forwarding this device.

8: Aurora Whitehill - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per chevron azure and vert, a chevron and in chief three Maltese crosses one and two argent.

Aurora is the name of the Greek goddess of the dawn; the name was known in medieval England and used as a poetic or literary term. The MED s.n. aurora gives the following definition and dated examples:

aurora (n.) Also aurore. [L & OF]
(a) The light of dawn, the brightness of sunrise; (b) fig. a thing of beauty or promise.
(a) (a1398) * Trev. Barth.(Add 27944) 126a/a: The dawinge is ende of þe ny3t..& is bigynnynge of þe day þat comeþ aftir, and hatte aurora..as it were a goldene houre, for it sendiþ schinynge coloure as it were colour of golde. c1430(c1386) Chaucer LGW (Benson-Robinson) 774: Aurora with the stremes of hire hete Hadde dreyed up the dew of herbes wete. a1450(c1433) Lydg. St.Edm.(Hrl 2278) 431/1014: His labour to redresse, Toward Aurora the martir..To hym appered. (1449) Metham AC (Gar 141) 249: Palamedon..lay in rest, Abydyng sum tokyn qwan Aurora schuld sprynge. a1500(?c1440) Lydg. HGS (Lnsd 699) 561: Whan men dresse Toward Aurora agey[n] til thei arrise.
(b) a1450 O lewde book (Tan 346) 22: Of al goode she is þe best lyvyng. Aurore of gladnes and day of lustynes, Lucerne a ny3t with heuenli influence [etc.]. c1490 Lydg. Stella Celi(1) (Chet 6709) 38: Crystall Paleys of owre gostely glorye, Gladdest Aurora of most Magnificence, Mayde & Moder..preserue from strooke of Pestylence.
There is a documented pattern of late period English names based on the names of goddess or demi-goddess figures from Greek mythology. The recent registration of Persephone as a given name in February 2013. [Persephone Odymsy, 2/2013 LoAR, A-Calontir] considered the following entries from the IGI/Family Search records:
Phoebe Defraine 20 Jul 1574 Toddington, Bedford, England, batch P00391-1
Dione Bowdon 20 Oct 1576 Horsington, Lincoln, England, batch C02943-3
Clymene Pinder 19 Jan 1622 South Creake, Norfolk, England, batch C04142-1
Selene Neale 04 Aug 1583 Bideford, Devon, England, batch C05032-1
Maia Newberye 08 Dec 1616 Aldermaston, Berkshire, England, batch C15515-1
Thalia Smith 25 Mar 1609 Pillerton Priors, Warwick, England, batch C04376-2
Aurora seems to fit this pattern, particularly given the evidence of poetical and literary uses of "aurora" as a positive noun that parents might wish to use for a child's name.

Whitehill is a constructed locative intended to mean 'the white high/hilly land': Watts, s.n. Whitefield GMan SD 8105. '(The) white open land'. Whitefeld 1292 ibid., s.n. Whitesheet Hill - Wilts ST 9524. 'Hill called Whitesheet'. Whiteshete Hill c. 1540.

Commenters provided much simpler documentation for both name elements. From a prior precedent concerning Aurora:

Edelweiss was able to find a 1640 date for Aurora as a feminine English name; this grey period citation is sufficient to allow the use of the name in English context. [Aurora Swanhild, Oct. 2011, A-Aethelmearc]
In addition, Rohese Shadowdale found documentation for Whitehill in the IGI/Family Search Historical Records: Elizabeth Whitehill; Female; Marriage; 03 Feb 1600; Mancetter, Warwick, England; Batch: M04370-2.

9: Balli Hrolfsson - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Or chapé, a Thor's hammer inverted gules.

Balli is an Old Danish masculine given name found on the Viking Answer Lady's web page (http://www.vikinganswerlady.com/ONMensNames.shtml#b).

Hrolfrsson is a patronymic meaning son of Hrolfr. Hrolfr is found in Geirr Bassi on page 11 as Hr[o']lfr. The client does not care if the o has the accent or not. The patronymic is formed according to the rules set out in Geirr Bassi, dropping the terminal -r and adding the possessive -s and -son.

Commenters correctly pointed out that the byname should be Hrolfsson under the rules of Old Norse grammar. As this is not a major change, I have made this correction.

Some commenters questioned the identifiability of the Thor's hammer. I find it sufficiently identifiable, even if not ideal, so I am forwarding this device.

10: Beatrix Faw - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Gules, in pale a bird rising wings displayed argent and a bell Or.

Beatrix is a feminine given name appearing s.n. Beatrice in "Index of Scots names found in Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/scots/dost/beatrice.html), with the submitted spelling dated to 1446, 1563 and 1563.

Faw is a surname appearing in Black s.n. Faa with the submitted spelling dated to 1451.

This is an excellent 15th century Scots name, which always makes Eastern Crown happy. Commenters uniformly agreed that the bird as drawn in the armory is a generic bird, rather than a seagull. I have changed the blazon accordingly. I have also adjusted the blazon to note the position of the wings.

11: Black Icorndall, Canton of - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) On an acorn Or a squirrel sable.

12: Black Icorndall, Canton of - Resub Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) Two squirrells respectant sustaining between them an acorn sable.

The Canton's prior badge, (Fieldless) A squirrel sejant erect maintaining an acorn sable, was returned on the East's 27 July 2013 LoD for conflict with Dieter des Schwarzen Eichkätchens (June 1985, Middle): Per pale gules and argent, a squirrel sejant erect sable maintaining a sword inverted argent.

This badge is intended as the Canton Populace Badge.

Questions were raised in commentary about whether the acorn is maintained or sustained. The acorn is more than half of the visual weight of the squirrels. The February 2012 Cover Letter states:

Touching charges where the held charge is more than half of the visual weight of the holding charge, yet clearly not equal, may be considered either maintained charges or, rarely, sustained secondary charges. If the holding charge is a primary charge, and the held charge would easily be considered a secondary charge if it were not held by the primary charge, then the held charge will be considered a sustained secondary charge. Such arrangements will be blazoned with the primary charge first. For example, an X sustaining a Y. However, if the holding charge is not a primary charge, the held charge will be considered a maintained charge and not count for difference.
As I read the Cover Letter, the acorn is a sustained secondary charge. I have changed the blazon accordingly.

13: Breuse de Taraunt - Resub Device Pended

Per fess wavy azure and barry wavy argent and azure, in chief a mullet of eight points argent charged with a cross moline azure.

Breuse's previous device, Per pale engrailed azure and barry wavy azure and argent, a mullet of eight points argent charged with a cross moline azure, was returned on the East's 15 May 2013 LoD for the unidentifiability of the line of division. The resubmission changes the design to remedy the problem that caused the return.

The submitter's name was registered on the May 2013 LoAR. This device has been pended for a redraw to more clearly depict the lower half of the device as a barry wavy field.

14: Carillion, Barony of - New Badge Forwarded

Gyronny of sixteen Or and sable, a bell within an annulet argent.

This submission is to be associated with Order of the Beacon of Carillion. The name Beacon of Carillion, Order of the, was registered in November 2012 via the East.

The Barony is aware that it has an outstanding resubmission available, but wishes to use that resubmission for something else. Therefore, this is being processed as a new submission at the Barony's request.

Precedent states that gyronny of sixteen is period and registerable in "simple cases." [Padric O Mullan, June 1999 LoAR, A-Ansteorra]. Precedent is not clear about defining "simple cases," however. I am forwarding this for a ruling from Wreath.

15: Catherine Annot de Brutges - New Name Forwarded and New Device Returned

Purpure, a reremouse argent, a chief invected argent scaly purpure and in base a pair of hands Or.

Catherine is found in Aryanhwy merch Catmael "Late Period French Feminine Names" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/latefrench.html); there are 136 examples, including variants, between 1395 and 1623.

Annot is found once as a byname in Aryanhwy merch Catmael "Names in the 1292 census of Paris" (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/french/1292paris.pdf) p. 42.

Brutges is found in Dauzat and Rostaing, p. 120. s.n. Bruges, which dates the spelling to 1360, noting that it was founded around 1345 by Gaston Phoebus.

Commenters uniformly agreed that the hands were in an unblazonable position, as well as being in an impermissible trian aspect. Both of these flaws require that the device be returned.

16: Constança Navarra - Resub Device Forwarded

Per pale argent and sable, a chalice and a wolf sejant ululant counterchanged, on a chief Or a bunch of grapes bendwise purpure.

Constança's first device submission appeared on the June 6, 2013 Eastern ILoI. That submission was withdrawn during commentary and resubmitted on the July 2013 ILoI with a different design. That resubmission, Per pale argent and sable, a chalice and a wolf sejant ululant counterchanged, on a chief Or a bunch of grapes slipped and leaved bendwise proper, was returned on the July 12, 2013 Eastern LoD for having a complexity count of nine, plus Step from Period Practice for the use of a wolf ululant.

This resubmission changes the tincture of the grapes from proper (vert and purpure) to wholly purpure, reducing the complexity count to eight, which is registerable even with the SFPP for the wolf ululant.

Please note that this device is not marshalled armory pursuant to SENA A.6.F.3.c, which says:

c. Per Pale Fields with Multiple Charge Groups: As marshalled arms using a per pale line of division were not inherited, the addition of a charge or charge group which crosses the per pale line is generally sufficient to remove the unmistakable appearance that a portion of the field is independent armory. The addition of a bordure or chief that does not itself appear to be part of two distinct original arms also removes that appearance. In general, a chief or bordure which has poor contrast with one side of the field or one that is charged so that identical charges or parts of charges appear on both sides of the line of division or bordure meets this standard. (emphasis added).

As this resubmission has corrected the earlier problem, I am forwarding this device.

17: Eli of Bergental - New Name Forwarded and New Device Pended

Vert, in pale an open book argent, bound, and two human figures respectant Or.

Eli is a masculine given name found in "Late 16th Century English Given Names" by Talan Gwynek (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/eng16/eng16alpha.html).

Bergental is an SCA placename; the Shire (now Barony) of Bergental was registered in 1987 via the East.

Bianca Mosaic reported that the submitter wanted the cover and bindings of the book to be gold, not white. The device is being pended to make this correction. The book and the human figures are three co-primary charges. There is no "slot machine" problem, however, because two of the co-primary charges are identical even if facing different directions.

18: Gwenhwyfar atte Lake - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Azure, an owl volant guardant, a base engrailed argent.

Gwenhwyvar is a dated form in Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn's "A Simple Guide to Constructing 16th Century Welsh Names (in English Contexts" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/welsh16.html). The submitter would prefer the "modern" spelling of Gwenhwyfar but will accept the attested spelling of "Gwenhwyvar" if necessary. Given that Gwervyl/Gwerfyl appears in the same data, commenters are asked to consider whether the spelling with an 'f' is plausible.

atte Lake is dated to the first year of Edward III's reign (1327/8) in Bardsley. pg. 463, s.n. Lake.

Welsh and English are part of the same Language Group under Appendix C of SENA.

Pennsic Herald's Point identified a possible conflict with Christall Gordon (March 1999, Caid): Azure, a dove volant wings elevated and addorsed argent sustaining in its beak a ladle palewise Or. Herald's Point concluded that this device is clear based on the following analysis: "One DC for base. We pulled Christall's badge, the ladle appears large enough to count as a sustained secondary, giving a second DC."

The submitted spelling Gwenhwyfar is found in the IGI/Family Search Records:

Gwenhwyfar Thomas; Female; Christening; 11 Mar 1559; OSWESTRY, SHROPSHIRE, ENGLAND; Batch: C02071-1
Gwenhwyfar Williams; Female; Christening; 03 Jul 1566; OSWESTRY, SHROPSHIRE, ENGLAND; Batch: C02071-1
Gwenhwyfar Rees; Female; Christening; 21 May 1569; OSWESTRY, SHROPSHIRE, ENGLAND; Batch: C02071-1
With respect to the device, the owl is recognizable if somewhat oddly drawn. I agree with Herald's Point analysis that Christall is not a conflict. The device is also clear of the device of Svea the Shortsighted (July 1990, East): Azure, a heron volant, wings addorsed, within a bordure argent. Herons are stork-shaped birds; owls are "regular" shaped birds. This difference affords a DC, as does the difference between a bordure and a base.

It is less clear whether there is a conflict with the device of Arianwen ferch Lawen (Dec 1987, Calontir): Azure, a swallow volant within a bordure embattled argent. There is a DC between a base and a bordure. Under the Great Bird Precedent on the November 2003 Cover Letter, both owls and swallows/martlets are regular birds. However, there can still be a DC between birds within the same category on a case-by-case basis. I have been unable to find a precedent addressing whether a DC exists between owls and swallows/martlets; commenters also did not identify such a precedent. Therefore, I am sending this device up as a test case.

19: Hilaria Octavia Tanner - New Name Forwarded

All elements are found in the IGI/Family Search Historical Records:

Hilaria Coone; Female; Christening; 11 Jun 1589; Buckland Monachorum, Devon, England; Batch C05006-1

Octavia Pulleyn; Female; Christening; 12 Jan 1605; Threekingham cum Stow Green, Lincoln, England; Batch C03304-1

Maudline Tanner; Female; Marriage; 31 Jul 1598; Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London, England; Batch: M05576-1

Double given names are found in late period English according to Appendix A of SENA.

20: Innes Barclay - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Argent, three tortoises in pall vert within a bordure azure.

Innes appears as a given name in Black, Surnames of Scotland, s.n. Macallan - "Innes McAllane McRenald had remission for offences, 1541 (ALHT., VIII, p. 19)."

Barclay is a surname found in the IGI/Family Search records for Scotland:

Waltar Barclay; Male; Marriage; 30 Dec 1584; Anstruther Wester, Fife, Scotland; Batch: M11403-2
Jhone Barclay; Male; Marriage; 18 Nov 1606; Canongate, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland; Batch: M19500-1
Lowrence Barclay; Male; Marriage; 13 Feb 1581; Presbytery Record, Stirling, Stirling, Scotland; Batch: M19525-1

The primary charges were originally blazoned as "terapins." However, this term does not appear in the OED until 1613. I therefore changed the blazon to "tortoises," a term found in period.

21: Joscelin le esqurel - New Device Change Forwarded

Sable, in pale three squirrels courant Or.

Old Item: Quarterly purpure and sable, three squirrels courant in annulo Or, to be retained as a badge.

We all love Blue Tyger's new arms.

22: Joseph the Bolde - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Vert, three horses courant contourny argent.

Joseph appears in Reaney and Wilson s.n. Joseph as a masculine given name to 1141-9.

the Bolde: Reaney and Wilson s.n. Bold date the descriptive byname <le Bolde> to 1317. Herald's Point constructed the Bolde as a variant "Englished" (no, really, that's what the form says) form of this byname.

Although some commenters thought the horses should be drawn to fill the space better, the horses are identifiable as drawn. I am forwarding this device.

23: Katrusha Skomorkha Negodiaeva doch' - New Name Forwarded and New Device Pended

Per pale azure and gules, a pale wavy between two chicken leges couped a la quise Or.

Katrusha is a female given name found s.n. Ekaterina in "A Dictionary of Period Russian Names" by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/e-f.html) dated to 1455.

Negodiaeva doch' is the feminine form of a patronymic byname found in Wickenden s.n. Negodiai dated to 1397-1432. The patronym is Negodiaev; it becomes Negodiaeva under the rules for feminizing patronymics stated in Wickenden's grammar section. (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/paul/zgrammar.html). Wickenden states that "The most common form (particularly in late period) is the familial form (patronymic + doch')."

Skomorokhov is an occupational byname meaning "minstrel" dated to 1563 found in "Occupational Bynames in Medieval Russia," by Paul Wickenden of Thanet (http://www.goldschp.net/archive/jobnames.html#music). The submitter would prefer Skomorokh if it can be documented.

During commentary, the submitter clarified that she desired her name to mean "Katrusha the minstrel, daughter of the scoundrel." To achieve this meaning, the word order needed to be changed from Katrusha Negodiaeva doch' Skomorokhov to Katrusha Skomorkha Negodiaeva doch'. Yehuda Elmet also provided additional documentation in support of the submitter's authenticity request for Novgorodian Russian, 1535.

With respect to the device, commenters found the chicken legs unidentifiable. The device has been pended for redrawing to make the legs more recognizable.

24: Lylie MacYntoisch - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Per bend vert and purpure, on a schnecke issuant from sinister chief Or a lily azure.

Lylie was found as a feminine given name in the FamilySearch Historical Records dated to 1584: Lylie Hamner married John Edwards 1584 England M00160-1

MacYntoisch is found s.n. MacIntosh in Black dated to 1476.

Appendix G of SENA states that a charge on an schnecke is a Step From Period Practice.

The submitter requested the spelling McYntoisch if registerable. However, Mc- is still considered a scribal abbreviation and as such is not registerable.

25: Máirghréad Ghearr - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) Three dragonflies embowed in pall inverted conjoined at the tails vert.

Originally blazoned as (Fieldless) Three dragonflies conjoined at the tails in triquetra vert, this blazon did not adequately describe the position of the dragonflies. I have adopted the blazon suggested by Gunnvor Orle.

26: Marjorie Parmentar - New Name Forwarded

Marjorie appears s.n. Margery in Talan Gwynek's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/reaneyHZ.html); Marjorie is dated to 1361 and 1515.

Parmentar is an occupational byname c. 1235, meaning "tailor," found in "12th & 13th Century English Textile Surnames" by Aryanhwy merch Catmael (http://www.ellipsis.cx/~liana/names/english/textile.html).

27: Mikj´ll bogmaðr - New Device Forwarded

Azure, two arrows inverted in saltire Or and on a chief argent a bear statant vert.

Commenters agreed that the chief, while large, does not blur the line between a chief and a fess.

28: Mikj´ll bogmaðr - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) A recurve bow reversed drawn and armed of an arrow per fess azure and or.

Pennsic Herald's Point identified a possible conflict with Cariadoc of the Bow (June 1981, Atlantia): (Tinctureless) A reflex bow reversed strung with a decrescent and armed of an arrow fesswise. The submitter was made aware of this possible conflict but wished to proceed anyway. Please discuss.

A 2002 precedent treated the crescent in Cariadoc's armory as co-primary. [Concordia of the Snows, Barony of, A-East, May 2002 LoAR]. This ruling was made before "sustained secondary" was an option, so reconsideration is in order. Cariadoc's crescent is at least equal in weight to the bow, making it a co-primary under the current standards as well. Treating the crescent as a co-primary, this badge has two DCs from Cariadoc's.

29: Roese of Normandy - New Name Forwarded

Roese is documented by Withycombe under Rose (f) to the Norman conquest. Roes' appears in Talan Gwneyk's "Feminine Given Names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/reaneyHZ.html) s.n. Rose dated to 1219. The terminal apostrophe generally was used as a scribal abbreviation for an 'e'.

of Normandy is allowed under the Lingua Anglica allowance as Normandy is the modern English name for the region in France. This spelling is also found in the MED s.n. Normandie: (1463) Acc.Howard in RC57 215: For vj Normandy byllys.

30: Sadb ingen Fháeláin - New Name Forwarded

Sadb is a feminine given name to 1048-1176 in "Index of Names in Irish Annals" by Mari ingen Briain meic Donnchada (http://www.medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/).

ingen is the pre-1200 spelling of the particle meaning "daughter" according to "Quick and Easy Gaelic Names" by Sharon Krossa (http://www.medievalscotland.org/scotnames/quickgaelicbynames/).

Fáeláin is the genitive form of the male given name Fáelán found in Mari's "Index" (http://medievalscotland.org/kmo/AnnalsIndex/Masculine/Faelan.shtml) with Annals dates between 923 and 1203 among others. The name lenites to Fháeláin according to the rules of Irish grammar.

31: Scarlet Scott - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Vert, a pile inverted between a dragon and bear combatant Or.

Scarlet is found as a surname dated 1568 in England in the IGI/Family Search Historical Records:

Richardus Scarlet; Male; Christening; 18 Oct 1568; Holy Trinity, Stratford On Avon, Warwick, England; Batch: M01079-1
Katherine Scarlet; Female; Christening; 27 Sep 1568; East Knoyle, Wiltshire, England; Batch: C15224-1.
Precedent permits 16th cen. English surnames to be used as given names. [Alton of Grimfells, 4/2010 LoAR, A-East].

Scott is dated to 1601 in Hitching & Hitching.

32: Stoldo Venturini - Resub Device Forwarded

Per bend rayonny argent and gules, three grenades gules and a tower argent enflamed Or, on a chief gules a double-headed phoenix Or.

Stoldo's previous device was returned on the East's 27 July 2013 for redrawing to improve identifiability of the two-headed phoenix and to eliminate unity of posture and orientation issues. This resubmission follows the recommendations for redrawing given in commentary.

33: Stoldo Venturini - New Badge Forwarded

Azure, in pale three eagles argent.

A reciprocal letter of permission to conflict with the badge of Taldo Venturini (appearing elsewhere on this letter) was included with the submission.

This badge is clear of the device of Fiona Siobhan of Kincora (Apr 2010, East): Azure, three owls displayed argent each charged with a coronet azure. Under SENA A.5.E.4, the substantial change of arrangement of the primary charges from "two and one" to "in pale" eliminates any conflict.

34: Taldo Venturini - Resub Device Forwarded

Per bend sinister wavy argent and gules, a hammer bendwise and a crescent counterchanged, on a chief gules a double-headed phoenix Or.

This identical device was returned on the 27 July 2013 for redrawing to make the two-headed phoenix identifiable. This redrawing follows the recommendations for improving identifiability made in commentary.

35: Taldo Venturini - New Badge Forwarded

Azure, in pale three eagles Or.

A reciprocal letter of permission to conflict with the badge of Stoldo Venturini (appearing elsewhere on this letter) was provided.

36: Talieson de Lyon - New Name Forwarded and New Device Forwarded

Azure, a chalice and issuant from base a demi-sun Or.

Talieson is the submitter's legal first name. was attested using Oregon state ID card, by Thomas Haworth and Lillia Diademe.

de Lyon is a French locative byname, 'of Lyon'. - Academy of St. Gabriel, report #2904 (found at http://www.s-gabriel.org/2904 accessed on 07/30/2013), says "Instead, we recommend de Lion found in the 1446 census, as the byname of a very rich, possibly noble, man. [4] The name of the city is also spelled Lyon in this source, so de Lyon is also a reasonable byname." The cited footnote is [4] D&ecaute;niau, Jean, Les Nommées des Habitants de Lyon en 1446 (Lyon: A. Rey, 1930). The spelling de Lyon is found in "Ordonnances du Roy et Monsieur de Mandelot, gouverneur pour Sa Majesté, en la ville de Lyon," published in 1570 (http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k1012036)

37: Talieson de Lyon - New Badge Forwarded

(Fieldless) A sun per pale azure and Or.

This device is clear of the both the device and badge of Malcolm Fraser the Impatient (Oct 2002, AEthelmearc): Per pale azure and Or, a sun counterchanged and (Fieldless) A sun per pale Or and azure. As to both pieces of armory, there is one DC for fieldlessness and a second DC for swapping the tinctures.

38: Temur Mergen - New Name Change Forwarded

Old Item: Konrad Tanhauser, to be released.

Both name elements and the naming pattern of [given name] + [descriptive epithet] appear in "Mongolian Naming Practices" by Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy, (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/mongolian_names_marta.html).

Temur appears as a male given name meaning "iron."

Mergen appears as an epithet meaning "clever, sharp."

The submitter allows adding/deleting a word like "de" or "the" or changing language when the change is small.

39: Timothy Nicholls of Clan McQueen - New Device Change Forwarded

Or, a wolf's head erased sable, on a chief wavy azure an escarbuncle between two trilliums barbed argent.

Old Item: Azure, an escarbuncle between three trilliums argent, to be retained as a badge.

There is a SFPP for the use of a trillium, a New World plant, under Appendix G of SENA. [See also Anneke von Eisenberg, 9/2010 LoAR, A-Meridies].

Although the original blazon indicated that the trilliums were barbed and seeded vert, the emblazon clearly shows them to be argent. I have changed the blazon to reflect the submitted picture. Commenters raised questions about whether the unblazoned languing of the wolf's head should count towards complexity. SENA A.3.E.2 states that complexity of a design is "measured by adding the number of types of charges to the number of tinctures. . . . All tinctures are counted except those used only for normally unblazoned artistic details like teeth, claws, and eyes." Tongues tend to be treated as unblazoned artistic details. This puts the device at a complexity count of eight, which is permissible.

The device should be clear of the device of Angharad ferch Geoffrey ap Owen (May 1988, East): Or, a talbot's head couped sable, on a chief azure three lozenges argent. There is one DC for the charge in type of the tertiaries and a second DC for the difference between the straight line chief and the wavy line chief.

40: Tumen Qorchi - New Name Forwarded

Both the name elements and the naming pattern are found in "On the Documentation and Construction of Period Mongolian Names" by Baras-aghur Naran (http://heraldry.sca.org/laurel/names/mongol.html).

Tumen is a name element meaning "ten thousand."

Qorchi is an epithet meaning "quiver bearer."

Name elements based on numbers are documented in Baras-aghur Naran's article.

Nunc est bibiendum