Lewis Tanzos


23 April, 2002

Greetings and commendations unto the Heralds and Pursuivants of the East Kingdom, and others who receive this missive, from Tanczos Istvan, Eastern Crown Herald!

This is the Letter of Report (LoR) on the Internal Letter of Intent (IloI) number 2002-01, dated 4 January, 2002. Acceptances on this letter have been sent to Blue Tyger Herald, to be included in an External Letter of Intent (XloI) to Laurel and the College of Arms.

In service,

Istvan Eastern Crown

1. Abel Breme - resub name accepted

Abel is a biblical name. Breme is from Bahlow's 'Deutschelands Geographische Namenwelt' p 57.

In particular, Breme is under Bremen, no dates given. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica online (eb.com), " The earliest settlement (called Breme or Bremum) on the right bank of the river was favoured by an advantageous position at the junction of important early trading routes from the Rhine River to the Elbe and from the North Sea to southern Germany. In 787 Charlemagne, the Western (Holy Roman) emperor, established the diocese of Bremen (to become an archbishopric in 845), which became the base for missionary activity covering the whole of northern Europe". Abel is found in Withycombe, dated in that spelling to 1205.

2. Arelinda Poincelin - resub name accepted & resub device accepted
Argent, a catamount contourny sejant and on a chief gules three lillies argent

Arelinda is from Morlet's "Les Noms de Personne sur la Territorie de l'ancienne Gaule du VIe au XII Siecle" volume 1, p40. Poincelin from Dauzat's "Dictionaire Etymologique des noms et prenoms de France" p 490 under Poincet.

Note that even though the citation from Morelet is undated, as per the title, all names from Morlet are from between the 6th and 12th centuries.

3. Deonna von Aachen - resub badge returned
(Fieldless), On a shaum proper a dove ascending argent maintaining in its beak an oak sprig fructed gules.

While a shaum is definitely a period instrument, we have been unable to find any shaums, period or not, that look like the one in the submission. They all have a very narrow bell with respect to the neck. This is therefore not a shaum. We can not find anything else which looks like instrument, either. If the submitter can provide documentation of shaums that have the same proportions as the one in the submission, or can provide documentation for some other charge which has the appearance of the submission, we will be happy to accept this. Until then, however, this must be returned for lack of reconstructability from blazon and lack of documentation as a period artifact.

4. Dofinn-Haraldr Morrison - new device accepted
Gyronny arrondi of six azure and argent

5. Douglas Henry - new name accepted & new device accepted
Sable crucilly couped, on a bend Or a wolf courant sable.

Douglas claimed to be covered by the legal name allowance, but since names must be lingusitically consistent, Douglas is given as the anglicized version of "Dubhghlas" from "Traditional Irish First Names" (http://members.tripod.com/~roisindubh/trad.html). [No proof of mundane name was attached]
Henry is a period Irish last name. Documentation is attached from a geneaology website at http://www.ireland.com/ancestor.

Withycombe p88 says Douglas is 'not common before the late 16th Century', but explicitally dates it to 1605 in Camden. Black p217 dates Henry to 1343, and Henrydoughter (under 'Henryson') to 1379. Reaney & Wilson p 227 dates Henry to 1293 in this spelling.

Since by default, charges on a bend follow the bend, the wolf is not salient but courant.

There may be a problem with the device. Laurel has been returning things recently for lack of internal detailing and the submitter is cautioned that this may be returned at Laurel for this problem.

6. Katharine Tuscher - new name accepted & new device accepted
Purpure, an iris and a chief Or.

Katharine in Withycombe p 186. Tuscher in Brechenmacher p 279

In particular, Katharine is the header form, various spellings date to between 1196 and 1456, Tuscher dates to 1378

7. Moreta atte Birchwode - new name returned & new device pended
Azure, a bend wavy between a mullet of five points and two birch leaves Or.

Moreta from #1: Hanks & Hodges "Dictionary of First Names" p242. As a variant of Morris [PCA but does NOT show Moreta as a variant of Morris, and has no dates] #2:Kulatch "Dictionary of First Names" p 433 [PCA,. But shows 'Morissa' as variant of Morris, not 'Moreta' no dates]. #3: submitter added 'Etta' to 'Morrisa' to get Moreta - Hanks & Hodges p109 [PCA for 'etta', documents this as a pet form of Mairead, anglicized as 'Mar(i)etta'. No dates]. atte Birchwode from R&W p 45 under Birchwood dates this form to 1342. [PCA]. Submitter will accept changes in the following order: Moretta, Mar(i)etta, Marietta, Morrisa.

The submitted documentation is not acceptable. Hanks & Hodges and Kolatch are both listed in Appendix F of the Administrative Handbook as books which should not be used as documentation, since they are not reliable sources for period names. The only place any commenters found the name Moreta is in Anne McCaffery's work, which is obviously not period documentation. Likewise, the construction of 'Moreta' claimed by the submitter is not considered plausible by the commenters. Lastly, while the submitter provided several alternative choices for the first name, none of the presented documentation was from an acceptable source and none of the commenters could document any of the alternate choices to period. If the submitter can provide dated period documentation for any of the forms from a reliable source, we will be happy to pass that name.

No conflicts were found for the armory. Since a name is required to register armory, the device will be pended until a name resubmission passes kingdom.

8. Moreta atte Birchwode - new badge pended
(Fieldless), A birch leaf Or.

Since the name did not pass and names are required for an armory submission, we are forced to pend the badge.

9. Reinhardt Tuscher - new name accepted
Reinhardt from Bahlow's Dictionary of German Names p 449. Tuscher header from Brechenmacher, p279

In particular, Reinhardt is undated in the German translation of Bahlow; Tuscher dates to 1378. Socin dates Reinhardt to 1480, Brechenmacher, under Reinhard, has that form dated to 1286, Reimhardi to 1315.

10. Sancha de Flores - new household name accepted & new badge returned
Submitted name: The Coribant Compaignye
Per fess gules and sable, a C-clef argent.

Household name and Badge to be owned jointly with Sean O'Suillaebhain Beer.

Documentation for the name comes from electronic version of the "Middle English Dictionary" published by The University of Michigan Digital Library Production Service. Corbiant is dated to 1380 in Chaucer Bo. (Benson-Robinson) 4.m.5.20: "Ther is a maner peple that hyghte Coribantes [vr. coribandes] that .. betyn hir basyns with thikke strokes.". The dictionary translates Coribant" (also coriband) as "A priest of the Phrygian worship of Cybele; a Corybant." [PCA]. Compaignye is documented from the same source, under Compaignie, again from Chaucer c 1390. Chaucer CT.Pars.(Manly-Rickert) I.1077: "The endless blisse of heuene ... ther as is the blisful compaignye that reioysen hem eueremo." Also c1390 Chaucer CT.Pri(Manly-Rickert) B.1682: "Ther was...amonges cristen folk a Iewerye Sustened ... For foul vsure .. Hateful to Crist and to his compaignye." The form of the name is documented on the same page as compaignye - in the modern definition (b) as "a body of followers, attendants, retainers; retinue, entourage; the Cristen compaignie" (there is apparently a link here to the entry for 'The Cristen Compaignie", but the documentation is not included.) Clients include documentation for existence of C-clef in period, from Mediaeval and Early Renaissance Music (up to C. 1525) by Alec Harman, but no image of what one looked like in period.

While the submitter, when contacted, did submit period images of C-clefs, there is another problem. The device, unfortunately, falls under the ban against heraldry with a single, abstract charge or symbol. This has been disallowed in Society armory for at least twenty years, most recently (as far as we can find) reaffirmed by the ruling of Da'ud in August 1991: [An ermine field, a Celtic uncial T counterchanged] "Additionally, the counterchanging of the ermine spots over the edges of the charge significantly reduces its ientifiability." [Returned primarily for use of a single letter or abstract symbol.] (LoAR 8/91 p.24).

11. Sarra the Lymner - new name accepted

Sarra is from Talan's "Feminine given names in A Dictionary of English Surnames" (http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/talan/reaney/reaney.cgi?Sara) [NPCA]. Lymner from the OED, compact edition book #1, P1628-302. [NPCA]

Various spellings of Lymner appear in Reaney & Wilson, page 279 under "Limmer, Lumner" dated between 1275 and 1493, especially "Lymnour" dated to 1493 and "le Lumner" to 1327. Talan's article also appears on the SCA webpage at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyintro.html , which requires no photocopies.

12. Sigriðr inn rauða Þorvaldsdottir - new name accepted & new device returned
Quarterly gules and ermine, in bend three annulets Or.

All docs from Geirr Bassi, The Old Norse Name. Sigriðr p14; inn rauda "the red" p26; Þorvaldsdottir p17, patronymic, 'daughter of Þorvald'.

The device is in conflict with that of Astrid Osbjornsdottir "Vert, three annulets in bend Or".


Bahlow, Hans. Deutsches Namenlexikon. Germany, 1967

Bahlow, Hans. Deutschlands Geographische Namenwelt. Vittorio Klostermann: Frankfurt am Main, 1965. cle; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique: Paris, 1968,

Black, George F; The Surnames of Scotland; NY Public Library, NY, 1946.

Brechenmacher, Josef Karlmann; Etymologisches Worterbuch Der Deutschen Familiennamen; Limburg a.d. Lahn: C.A. Starke-Verlag, 1957-60.

Dauzat, Albert. Dictionnaire Étymologique des Noms de Famille et des Prénoms de France. Larousse: Paris, 1987

Haraldsson, Geirr Bassi; The Old Norse Name; Private Press - Professor G. Fleck, Olney, MD, 1977

Morlet, Marie-Thérèse. Les Noms de Personne sur le Territoire de L'Ancienne Gaule du VIe au XIIe Siècle ; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique: Paris, 1968, 1972, 1985.

Reaney, P.H, and R.M. Wilson; A Dictionary of English Surnames, Revised Edition; Routledge & Kegan Paul: New York, 1991.

Withycombe, E.G; The Oxford Dictionary of English Christian Names. Third Edition; Oxford University Press: New York, 1977.