Lewis Tanzos

28 December, 2002

Unto the East Kingdom College of Heralds and all others who do receive this letter, greetings from Tanczos Istvan, Eastern Crown Herald!

This is the Letter of Report (LoR) for the Eastern Internal Letter of Intent dated 15 October 2002. This contains the first half of the Pennsic XXXI submissisons.

Acceptances on this letter will be sent to Blue Tyger Herald to be included in an External Letter of Intent (XloI) to Laurel and the College of Arms.

As usual, the boldface is the original documentation from the LoI (which is a summary from the submission paperwork), and the normal text after that is my discussion.

Istvan Eastern Crown

1. Adriana inghean Labhruinn mhic Fhionguin (f) - new name accepted & new device returned

Quarterly argent and Or, a dragon dormant wings inverted and addorsed purpure.

Adriana header in Bardsley dated to 1547. inghean Labhruinn - in Black under MacLaren, dated to 1467. MacFhionghuin header in Black, header 'MacKinnon' p 531, 'Lachlann M'Fynwyn de Myschenys’ witnessed a charter by the Lord of the Isles in 1467

Submitted as 'Adriana inghean Labhruinn MacFhionguin', we have changed things slightly to get the grammar right.

Precedent says:

The dormant posture should be used carefully, as it can all too easily render a beast unidentifiable. In this case, the wolf's head, paws and tail are neatly tucked in, making him indistinguishable from a meatloaf. This must be returned, per Rule VIII.3. (Vladimir Andreivich Aleksandrov, January, 1993, pg. 24)

As has been noted in the past, the dormant posture should be used cautiously, as it all too often obscures the beast's head, tail and feet, rendering it unidentifiable. (Anderewe Fouchier of the White Dove, March, 1993, pg. 22)

[A sea-cat "dormant in annulo".] This is a lovely picture, and beautifully drawn, but the cat is not in an heraldic position, and none of the heralds commenting on this submission (at the meeting or in correspondence) was able to suggest a blazon that was both adequately descriptive and accurate. [BoE, 8 June 86, p.7] [The submission was returned.]

Given this set of precedents, the current submission, which has the dragon 'dormant in annulo', with the head and tail wrapped around so they are not identifable, must be returned.

2. Alana Caernarfon (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per bend vert and azure, a bend Or between a recorder and a quill pen bendwise argent.

Alana from Tangwystl, documented as a 14th Century English name. Form reads 'Juliana will provide doc'. When contacted, she had this to say: "Tangwystl documented 'Alana' in an e-mail as follows (for the registration of Alana McLeland and Alana Griffin, both in 2001): 'Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn has cited (1381) <Robertus filius Radulfi> and <Alana filia eius>. This citation is from: Fenwick, Carolyn C. Poll Taxes of 1377, 1379, and 1381, Part 1: Bedfordshire-Leicestershire p. 112. Unfortunately, we don't have photocopies of it. This probably reflects an underlying feminine <Alan>, but it's fine for registration.'" Caernafron is asserted to be a place name in Wales, with no documentation provided.

The submitter should be aware, as per the documentation, that 'Alana' is English, not Welsh. We have corrected the spelling of Caernarfon from the LoI. Johnson's Placenames of England and Wales s.n. Caernarvon documents 'Carnaruan' in 1307 and 'Kaernervan' in approximately 1340. Since Welsh names did not use 'of' in locative bynames, we have removed the article.

3. Alastar O'Rogan - new device accepted

Sable, on a pale Or between in chief two decrescents argent a spear sable.

[ Name registered April 1997 via the East ]

Two commenters cited Giles Devon: 'Sable, on a pale Or between in chief two Maltese crosses argent a sword sable entwined of a serpent gules.' There is a CD for the change of type of secondary and one CD for change of type of the tertiary, by X.4.j.ii.(b), and these devices are therefore clear.

4. Alastar O'Rogan - new badge accepted

[Fieldless] A decrescent argent overall a spear sable.

[ Name registered April 1997 via the East ]

5. Alexandra Adderly - new name accepted & new device returned

Gules lozengy, a lion's head cabossed Or.

Alexandra from Withycombe, p14 dated to 1205. Adderly in Bardsley, p40, dated to 1574

Note that this is different by 369 years, and if there were any other weirdness to the name, it would not pass.

The lion's head cabossed is drawn as an artistically treated roundel. It is very clearly a lion's head, but also very clearly a roundel. This means we treat it as 'Gules lozengy Or, a bezant.' and as such it conflicts with the device for the Arch-Steward of the Holy Roman Empire, 'Gules, an orb Or' (Laurel, December 1994). Redrawing this so that it is definitely a lion's head means it should pass.

6. Ané le Vey - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, a chevron inverted ploye vert in chief a fleur-de-lys inverted purpure and a chief invected vert.

Ané from Dauzat's Noms de Famille, p 10, s.n. Anne, says that Annet is a masculine form and Ané is a variant. du Vey from same, p 593 s.n. Vey, (Le) Vey is a header form in Dauzat & Rostang, Vey dated to 1458.

Ané is also in Morlet (p51 s.n. Aner) as a variant of the header name.

The form 'du Vey' is not documented in the resources available to Eastern Crown and the submission form is not clear if 'du Vey' is actually documented in that form in any of the sources listed. We have therefore chosen one of the documented forms.

One commenter wonders if this conflicts with Anton (Szandor) la Vey, founder of the modern Church of Satan. It is our belief that 'Anton' and 'Ané' are far enough apart that they aren't in conflict.

Submitted as engrailed, the chief is actually invected.

7. Anne de Northwoode (f) - new name accepted

Anne from Withycombe p 25, introduced into England in the 13th C. Northwoode from 1592 'Edmund Northwoode' in County Bucks found in Bardsley p 562

Julian Goodwyn's Brass Enscription Index at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/brasses/ has Northwode dated to 1416 in County Kent under Northwode, and also has 'de Northwode' in 1330 and 'de Northwoode' in 1335, under 'de Northwode', both also in County Kent.

8. Anneis le Blanc (f) - resub name accepted & resub device accepted

Sable, a bend argent between a heart gules en soleil Or and a lotus blossom in profile argent.

Aennis from R&W s.n. Annas cites this spelling in 1154-89. Talan's Index (http://) lists this under s.n. Agnes. le Blanc from "16th Century Norman Names" by Cateline de la Mor [ NPCA, it can be found at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/cateline/norman16.html ], lists 'le Blanc' under 'Surnames'.

9. Annya Allrasystir Úlfsdóttir (f) - new name accepted

Annya from Wickenden's Dictionary of Period Russian Names, p 9, s.n. Anna, dated to 1554-6, Anne dated to 988. Allrasystir from Geirr Bassi, Allrasystir p 19, means 'everyone's sister'. Úlfr from Geirr Bassi, p15, listed 21 times. P 17 gives patronymic formation, where -r becomes -s + dóttir

Note that Annya is from the 3rd edition of Wickenden, under Anna. The spelling 'Anna' is dated to 988, the spelling Anne is dated to 1287, the spelling Annya is dated to 1554-6. Mixing norse and Russian names is acceptable if there's nothing else weird about the name. Laurel may change the spelling to 'Anna' or 'Anne' so that the time periods are considered compatible.

10. Ascelinne de Chambord (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, a chevron sable between three unicorn's heads couped close azure.

Ascelinne found in the 1292 Census of Paris ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html) Chambord dates to 1192-1202 as a locative in Nègre's Toponymie Générale de la France, Vol 1, p 197, paragraph 3096b

11. Avice Greylyng - resub device accepted

Per pale vert and purpure three dragons each involved in annulo argent.

[ Name registered August 2002, via the East ].

12. Bhairavi of Thescorre - new device accepted

Argent, a trident sable a bordure vert semy of lotus blossoms affronty argent.

[ Name registered 03/99 via Æthelmearc ]

13. Boddi Bjarnarson (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per fess Or and sable, a fool's cap per pale gules and sable and a sheep's head cabossed Or within a bordure gules.

Boddi from Geirr Bassi, p 8. Bjarkí also in Geirr Bassi. Bjorn is given name, p 8. p17 gives construction of patronymic.

Norse did not have two given names, nor did they use unmarked patronymics. Submitted as 'Boddi Bjarki Bjarnarson', we have dropped the extra given name.

14. Bran M'Ay (m) - new name returned & new device pended

Per chevron sable and vert, a chevron between a winged pithon erect and a wolf's head erased contourny argent.

M'Ay from Black's Surnames of Scotland, p 522, s.n. Mackay, this spelling dated to 1326. Bran from OCM, p 33 under that heading, 'one of the most popular names in early Ireland, favored by the O'Byrnes to the end of the middle ages'

This name is in conflict with Brandon MacKay, registered in January 1993 via the West. M'Ay is demonstrably a version of MacKay, and Bran is a diminutive of Brandon.

The device is fine, and will be held pending another name submission.

15. Bronwen Rose Greyling - resub device accepted

Argent, on a saltire vert a rose argent and on a chief azure three mullets Or.

[ Name and device 'Argent, on a saltire vert a rose argent.' were registered in August 2002, via the East. Eastern Crown is investigating why there was a resubmission.] .

16. Caia Snowden - new device accepted

Azure, vetu ploye ermine a crescent and in chief a coronet argent.

[ County in Atlantia, 4/1/2000 - Verifiable at http://op.atlantia.sca.org/kings_and_queens.html , she reigned with Amalric Blackhart from 13 September 1999 through 1 April 2000. Name registered March 1998 via Atlantia ]

According to precedent, the charge in this device is the default coronet: (From Da'ud 2) "Viscounts and Viscountesses may use the default heraldic coronet (a crown indented of three points) if they so choose." Additionally, checking the Pictoral Dictionary of Heraldry, the only difference between a crown and a coronet is the blazon, "there is neither artistic nor heraldic difference between the two".

17. Catherine Greene - resub device accepted

Vert, an elephant statant trumpeting between three suns in splendor Or.

[ Name in process as Catheryne Green, was on the East's 2002-July LoI, which has not yet been sent to Laurel. ]

18. Catherine Greene - new badge returned

(Fieldless) A sun in splendor vert.

Conflict with Rodema de Rohan (January 1973) Or, a compass-star vert. There is one CD for the fieldlessness, but no difference between a sun and a compass star.

19. Catherine of Rosedale (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Azure, a rose Or barbed and seeded proper and on a chief argent an arrow fesswise reversed azure.

Catherine from Withycombe s.n. Katharine, lists this spelling as one of the header forms. Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's article "Feminine Given Names in Chesham 1538-1600" [ NPCA, it can be found at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/chesham/chesham-feminine.html ] dates Catherine to 1593. Rosedale from Mills p 291 cites Rosedale Abbey c. 1140. R&W p 383 s.n. Roseland dated to 1466, p 124 s.n. dale dates one 'John atte Dale' to 1327.

Also find Rosedale as a header in Ekwall, p 374, dated to 1244 as 'Rossedale'.

20. Dafydd ap Owen de Caledon - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, a hedgehog statant within a bordure sable billetty argent.

Daffydd proposed variant of Dafydd, p 30 of 'A Welsh Miscellany'. ap from same, p 27, 'son of'. Owen from Withycombe, p 237, header form, 'a common Welsh name in Middle English Romances'.Also in Bardsley's index to 'A dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames' p 34, Owen listed under Vaughn, p 780. de Caledon locative byname 'River Town'. Cole from Ekwall p 78 as a header, cites 'Cale River' in Dorset. -don 'town' as in Clarendon p 104, Hambledon p 204, Maldon p 297 under Malden.

Some dates: Owen in Withycombe, header p 237, dates to 1200, 1492, 1273 in that spelling. Bardsley dates Owen to the reign of Edward I, which was 1272-1307.

Submitted as 'Daffydd ap Owen de Caledon'. Since the 'f' and 'ff' sounds in Welsh are not particularly similar, we do not feel the proposed variant is valid. Indeed, Laurel did exactly the same in October 2001, and had this to say: "No documentation was provided and none could be found that Daffydd is a reasonable variant of the Welsh Dafydd. We have changed the spelling to a documented form." (Dafydd Whitacre, Ansteorra).

The use of a patronymic and a locative together are problematic in Welsh, but we are allowing the locative to stay, since removing it would bring this name into conflict with 'Dafydd McOwin' (May 1988 via the Middle), though it would be clear of 'Dafydd ap Owain ap Cadell Caer yn Arfon' (October 1994, via Calontir). Laurel can make any further changes.

21. Damiana Almodóvar de Sevilla (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Or, a tower triple towered sable within a bordure gules semy of hearts argent.

Damiana from '16th Century Spanish Woman's Names' by Elsbeth Anne Roth. (which can be found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/spanish.html Almodvar from Catoioyo de Pasajeros A Indias, vol II, p 145, entry 2435, "Hernando de Almodóvar", dated to 1536. Sevailla a place name from 'Spanish Names from the late 15th Century' [ NPCA, can be found at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/ by Juliana da Luna.

The submitted construction gives the submitter two locative bynames, which was unknown in 12th Century Spain (which is what the submitter desires). The only known documented two-surname constructions in period Spain are a patronymic followed by a locative and a patronymic followed by an occupational byname, neither of which describes the submitted name. We will, however, let Laurel mess with it in the hope that somebody can find proper documentation.

The device is not in conflict with Harold Breakstone(Jan 1973) "Or, a castle triple-towered sable, pennants flotant to sinister vert." Regardless of whether the castle in the old device is blazoned correctly or not, there is a CD for the addition of the bordure and a CD for the addition of the hearts on the bordure.

22. Deiniol ap Gwrgwst (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Vert, three dice in pale argent between flaunches checky Or and sable.

Deiniol from Tangwystl's 'Welsh Miscellany' as a male given name, p30. Also gives 'ap' as 'son of',p29. Gwrgwst "the submitter said he found the name on the St. Gabriel website, but we [herald's point] could not locate it in the articles we had. He promises to submit documentation. Failing that, he will accept Gwrwst, found in the Welsh Miscellany, p30-31". Gwrgwsyt can be found in 'Y Camamseriad' issue 4, page 55 under the entry for "UUrgust".

23. Deborgaill Buitiler - new name accepted & new device accepted

Vert, on a bend argent between two plates, three lions rampant palewise vert.

Submitter desires 15th Century West Irish language/culture. Deborgaill from Mari's Feminine Given Names in the Annals of Connacht: 1224-1544 [ NPCA, is http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsConnacht/ ] lists 'Deborgaill' to 1265, 1316, 1355, 1385. an Chomhaidh from Mari's Masculine Descriptive Bynames ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/DescriptiveBynames/ ). Buitiler from Mari's Index of names in Irish Annals: Descriptive Bynames found in Feminine Names [ NPCA, is http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/mari/AnnalsIndex/Feminine/DescriptiveBynames.html ] lists 'Buitiler' to 1597

Submitted as 'Derborgaill an Chomhaidh Buitiler '. Given that there is no evidence that the Irish Gaels used double descriptive bynames, we have have dropped the first one, since it was taken from the section for masculine descriptives, and there is no evidence that it was ever used for women. Note that a truly authentic name of this type would have a patronymic in addition to the descriptive.

24. Dwynwen of Eldestawe (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per fess engrailed argent and azure, a seawolf counterchanged sable and argent maintaining a rose sable slipped and leaved vert.

Dwynwen from http://www.webexcel.ndirect.co.uk/gwarnant/hanes/crefydd/crefyddsaints.htm - this is billed as "A Calendar of Welsh Saint's Days". Eldestawe from O.J. Padel's Cornish Placenames, s.n. Padstow: "There were also two other place names for Padstow. The first is 'Eldestawe' in 1201".

Note that Gruffudd mentions a saint by the name 'Dwynwen', p 32, documented to the 5th C., the daughter of Brychan Brycheiniog, which is good enough for registration.

The rose is a maintined charge, and does not count for difference. We must consider the device of James Addison of Woolpit (July 1981, via the West): Per fess wavy argent and azure, a sea-wolf erect counterchanged sable and argent, scaly vert. It is technically clear with a CD each for the change of line of partition to the field and to the charge. There is also a CD for the change from scaly to not-scaly. Laurel may consider this to be in X.5. Visual Conflict, but it's doubtful.

25. Edward Grey (m) - new name returned & new device pended

Gules, a greyhound rampant contourney and on a chief argent a sword gules.

Edward from Withycombe, header form: "From the accession of Edward I in 1272, there was an Edward on the throne of England for over a century, until 1377." Grey from R&W s.n. Gray, Grey, le Grey, lists a Philip le Grey in 1296.

There is a mundane conflict with Sir Edward Grey, Viscount of Fallodon (1862-1933), we find him in the 1955 edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica under Grey of Falladon, Edward Grey.

The device will be held pending another name submission.

26. Edward Grey - new household name pended
Submitted Name: Household of Lochleven

Lochleven is a place name, allegedly taken from Johnston's Place names of Scotland. There was apparently a prison there which held Mary, Queen of Scots at one time. [ In fact, there is no header Lochleven in Johnston. There is a Leven, with dated form Lochleuine in 1145 ]

The household name will be held pending another name submission.

27. Eirikr Gunnarson (m) - new name returned & new device pended

Quarterly vert and sable, a phoenix argent.

Eríkr from Geirr Bassi, p 9. Gunanarr from same, p 10. Patronymic formed as per guide on p17.

Name conflicts with Eirik Gunnarson, registered October 1985, via the East.

The device is close to, but clear of, those of Ariel Ramsey of Skye (April 1997, Outlands) Per fess azure and argent, a phoenix argent rising from flames proper. and Galen Storm (February 1997, Atlantia) Per pale sable and azure, a phoenix argent rising from flames proper. There is a CD in each case for the change to the field, and a CD for changes to the tincture of the flames by the following precedent: "[a phoenix argent rising from flames proper vs a phoenix argent] This is clear [with a CD] for changing the tincture of the flames from argent to proper. Just as we will give a CD for changing the tincture of the wings on a winged monster, so do we give one for changing the tincture of the flames of a phoenix. (Aoife nic Gillechomhghain, 9/97 p. 4)"

The device will be held until a new name submission is received.

28. Elizabeth of Rivenstar (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Gyronny gules and or, 4 roses or and 4 holly leaves, stems to center gules.

Elizabeth is header in Withycombe, p 99, found in England in the 13th & 14th C. Rivenstar is a Midrealm Barony, registered 8/79.

29. Engel Irene Lassin (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Vert, an acorn Or between three oak leaves argent fructed Or.

Engel from Bahlow, p 116 header. Conread Engelson (son of Engel) near Meβirch 1329 and has a metronymic Engele (genitive) as in 'Lady Engel' Irene from Bahlow, header form, p 271. Lassen from Bahlow, p 327, header form. Lassin suggested as a singular feminine form.

We find Irene in Bahlow's Deutsches Namenlexicon, p 259, as a header form with no date.

We find four St. Irene's in The Lives Of The Saints by Omar Englebert: S. Irene of Constantinople, 9th C. Another in the 7th C from either Spain or Portugal. Another from Spain in 379, another in Greece in 304. Since saint's names are registerable, as per the 9/2001 cover letter: given names which can be documented as the given name of a saint may be registered as a given name. The use of a name documented as a saint's name carries no weirdness in and of itself. The only weirdnesses that derive from using that name come from the lingual mix of the submitted form of the saint's name with the rest of the submitted name.

30. Engel Irene Lassin - new badge accepted

(Fieldless) On an oak leaf azure an acorn Or.

There are two possible conflicts: Josceline Levesque: (March of 1993, via the Middle):(Fieldless) An aspen leaf azure pierced by a wand bendwise Or. There is 1 CD for the fieldlessness and 1 CD for the change from an aspen to an oak leaf, so this is clear.

The second is Gyldenholt, Barony of (September of 1991, via Caid): (Fieldless) An oak leaf Or, overall two arrows in saltire azure. There is 1 CD for fieldlessness and 1 CD for the change of the type and number of the tertiaries, so this is clear.

31. Enoch MacBain - new badge returned

(Fieldless) An elephant statant bearing on its back a tower argent.

Unfortunately, Andrew Castlebuilder (September 1979) bears Per chevron purpure and Or, overall an elephant [Elephas sp.] trumpeting passant proper, on its back a carpet purpure, fimbriated Or, supporting a tower argent, masoned sable. Because, by precedent, elephants proper are considered to be equivalent to argent, passant and statant are equivalent, and masoning is not worth a CD, there is a single CD for the fieldlessness. ( [Registering {Fieldless} An elephant contourny proper.] Blazoned as argent in the LoI, the elephant is clearly colored light grey with argent tusks on the large emblazon sheet. While this is certainly the equivalent of argent in terms of contrast, and should be so considered for contrast or conflict purposes, we believe that elephants have a "widely understood default proper coloration". [3/94, p.5] Precedents - Da'ud 2, Year 1 ) Based on the principle that clothing is not considered for difference, the carpet does not count for difference either. ( When a human figure's vesting is not part of its definition (e.g. the savage, the Saracen), the vesting or lack of same is normally blazoned. [Austrechild von Mondsee, December, 1992, pg. 11] Precedents - Bruce .)

32. Fatima Isabella Villalobos - new badge accepted

(Fieldless) On a pile couped Or a grenade sable flamed gules.

[ Name registered August 1989, via Ansteorra ]

The submission was blazoned as a grenade proper. Flames proper are alternating tongues of Or and gules, which we can not have on an Or background.

33. Fiamuin Kareman (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, a pale between in bend sinister a sword inverted and a fleam gules.

Fiamuin from OCM p 99 s.n. Fiamuin, Fiamain; a feminine name, mother of St. Berchán of Clonsast. Kareman from R&W, p84, under Carman gives a 'Simon nepos Kareman' dated to 1196 in the Curia Rolls.

While the Gaelic / English combination is not particularly period, that is the only weirdness with this name, so it's acceptable.

34. Francesco Gaetano Greco da Foresta Orientale - resub name already registered at Laurel & resub badge returned

Per fess enarched gules and vert a San Domingo crucifix argent charged with a Christ and characters sable.

The name was registered in August 1998, via the East.

This is clear of a whole host of other crosses argent, but this is the first registration of a 'Santa Domingo crucifix'. No documentation provided for the existence of this charge in period, as is required by the rules for the submission, so we are returning this until the submitter can provide evidence that the 'San Domingo Crucifix' is a period artifact or charge (but see below).

We could treat this as a cross charged with a Christ as the blazon says, but there are two problems with this. First, there is no cross of the type depicted in the emblazon. Secondly, the Christ figure in the emblazon is argent, on an argent cross, which is a violation of the rule of tincture. Indeed, we have seen this problem before: [returning a San Dominio crucifix argent] This is being returned for violating VII.7.a., armorial identifiability. While evidence was produced that crucifixes were used in period, they had the figure of Jesus in a different tincture than that of the underlying cross one tincture and Jesus another should take care of this problem. (Francesco Greco, 1/97 p. 17). There are other problems, such as putting more than one charge on a tertiary.

35. Franz von Heilbronn (m) - new name accepted

Franz from Gwynek's Late Period Masculine Given Names, dated to 1351-1400 von Heilbronn from Brechenmacher, p 683 under Heilbronn(er), gives a 'Ulr. dictus de Heiliobrunn' in 1248. [ Actually, it's 'Late Period German Masculine Given Names', at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/germmasc.html ]

Heilbronn is apparently a small town in Germany ( http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/de-bw-hn.html ), and was around during our period ( http://www.campus-germany.de/english/, http://www.travel-guide.com/data/deu/deu140.asp [link dead], etc.).

36. Georg Koopmann (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Azure, an amphora and a chief rayonny argent.

Georg from Bahlow p 165, St. Georg was a martyr under Emperor Diocletian, a minor saint, and patron saint of knights. Koopmann from Bahlow p 288. "L. Ger. of Kauf(f)mann" gives a Heinrich Kauffman in 1387.

37. Gerlanda Amori d'Agrigento (f) - new name accepted

Gerlanda from de Felice's Nomi: feminine form of Gerlando, p 185. Amóri from de Felice's Cognomi p 55, header Amóre - Amó is a related given name dated to Firenze 1260. Amóri is allegedly the genitive form, and should be the family name form. Agrigento from de Felice's Nomi p 185, under "Gerlando". Gerlando is the patron saint of Agrigento, which is dated to the 11th C.

38. Gracia Vazquez de Trillo - new device accepted

Per pale embattled azure and Or, two suns counterchanged.

[ Name registered June 2001, via the East ]

39. Grimkell inn svarti (m) - new name accepted

Grimkell from Geirr Bassi, no page number given. inn Svarti from Aryanhwy's Viking Bynames found in the Landnamabok ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/landnamabok.htm ).

The URL given above is for Viking Personal Names. The bynames article is http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/vikbynames.htm . The nickname is all lowercase in the citation, so we've done that.

40. Hidesada Tadatsune (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Azure, 4 lathes fretted as a delf with an annulet argent.

Tádatsune from Throndardottir, p 116, dated to 1332. Hidesada built from the table on p 43 of Throndardottir, using Hide- and -sada.

We must consider Perigrine Mellyrn of the Last Mountain (March of 1981, via Atenveldt): Azure, a mascle within an annulet argent. Given the blazon, this would be clear. However, visually, the new submission is very similar to Azure, a delf voided within an annulet argent or Azure, a mascle bendwise within an annulet argent. Each of them have exactly one CD from Perigrine's. We're pretty sure that the charge in the new submission is a change of type, so that's a second CD and clear.

41. Hrólfr Hrafnsen (m) - new name change accepted

[ Registered name Rohlfe Ravenson, in July 1974 ]

Hrólfr from Geirr Bassi, p 11. Also from Introduction to Old Norse by E.V. Gordon p 321, paragraph 203(iv) documents Hr- accidence continuing to be used in Old Danish until not long after 1000 A.D. (The actual section reads " hl,m hn, hr were voiced to l, n, r respectively on ODan., and in OSwed. not long after 1000. ruulfr (i.e. Roulfr) in a ninth-century Dan. inscription.") p 324, paragraph 223 documents the use of the -r accidence until approx. 1150 in Danish ("Final -r of the masc. nom. sg. and pl. was lost in EN. In Danish it began to disappear about 1150"). This is why the submitter believes that the submitted spelling is still valid in the period in question. Hranfsen from Geirr Bassi, p11. Formation of patronymic -son in mid, to late 10th C. Gordon, p 323, paragraph 215 states that unaccented vowels become weakened in East Norse. ("Unaccented vowels were weakened: a became æ (then e), i became e, u(o) became e, æ: thæt 18/8, thet 20/85, drakkæ 18/30; sek 18/17, døthær 18/20") The remainder of this citation is verbatim from the consulting sheet: " Based on a conversation the submitter had with Geirr Bassi Haraldsson around 1976, we believe the genitive may have been dropped in East Norse in this period, but we cannot find written documentation one way or another as the Geirr Bassi 'Old Norse Name' reference discusses West Norse (Icelandic) Patronymics as formed in the Landnámabók and similar Icelandic documents in period. "

42. Hubert d'Avignon (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Quarterly azure and argent, in bend two crescents Or.

Hubert from the 1292 Paris Census. ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html) d'Avignon from Dauzat & Rostaing's Noms de Lieux s.n. Avignon.

Hubert can be dated to 1601 in French Names from 1601 ( http://www.sit.wisc.edu/~sfriedemann/names/french1601.htm ) Avignon can be dated to period based on the fact that the schism in the papacy in the 12th Century had one of the popes in Avignon. It also appears undated in Morlet (p. 63, s.n. Avignon).

Note that this does not present the appearance of marshalling. The rules say that as long as the charges are all of the same type, it's acceptable. This certainly fits that.

43. Ignacia el Ciego - resub name accepted

"Ignacia is an undocumented feminization of the documented masculine name 'Ignacio' - Juliana will document. "el Ciego - 'the blind' from Apellidos Castellano-Leoneses , p 269. There is also a mention of Spanish names from the late 15th Century [NPCA, is http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/juliana/isabella/ ], mentioning that "Late 15th C. - persons named after an attribute - The courteous (cortes), the true (vera)", but this is not connected to any other statements.

Ignacio can be found in Withycombe (p. 162 s.n. Inigo) as "a Spanish given name found since the 8th Century A.D." Since we find the following male and female name pairs in 16th Century Spanish Women's Names ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/spanish.html) and 16th Century Spanish Men's Names ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/spanish-m.html), both by Elsbeth Anne Roth: Francisco / Francisca, Juan / Juana, Luis /Luisa; we are allowing this as a feminization of Ignacio.

44. Irene Lenoir - new badge returned

[Fieldless] An olive branch fructed vert.

Precedent says: [Gules, on a bend sinister between six spearheads argent a sagebrush branch proper] Conflict with the arms of Lebanon, Gules, on a bend sinister argent a cedar tree palewise proper. There is a CD for adding the secondary charges, but by current precedent, a branch is not substantially different from a tree. [Gilliam van Taetsrade, 09/00, R-Drachenwald] Precedents - Elsbeth. We must therefore look at the arms of the O'Connor Don (December 1994, Laurel): Argent, a tree eradicated vert.; Madrone, Barony of (September of 1979): (Fieldless) A madrone tree eradicated proper; Isadora of Orange Wode (February of 1986, via Calontir): Ermine, chaussé-ployé sable, an orange tree eradicated proper; and Beyatah Robakovna (October of 1981, via Atlantia): Sable, a flowering apple sprig proper. - all of which have a single CD for the fieldlessness and no other CD's.

45. Isabeau de Valle - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, a hare courant sable between three roundels gules and on a chief sable three decrescents argent.

Isabeau listed in Morlet's Noms de Famille (sn.n Isabelle, p 529.), undated, and listed as a variation of the biblical name Elizabeth. Colm Dubh's 1292 Census [ This is An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris, found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html ] lists Ysabelot and Isabelot, showing the Y/I switch. Also listed is Ysabiau. Aryanhwy's French names from Paris, 1423 + 1438 [NPCA, can be found at http://www.sit.wisc.edu/~sfriedemann/names/paris1423.htm ] lists Ysabeau. de Valle is found in Dauzat & Rostaing Noms de lieux s.n. val, p 694, dated to 1132.

Isabeau is also found as a 16th century feminine Norman given name at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/cateline/norman16.html#feminine.

46. Isabella de Soumont (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Vert, a tree blasted argent and on a chief Or three fleurs-de-lys vert.

Isabella from Withycombe s.n. Isabel(la) dates Isabella to 1379. de Soumont from Dauzat & Rostaing s.n. Soumont, dates de Somonte to 1194.

47. Ismenia Cachelove (f) - new name accepted

Ismenia in Withycombe, p 165, "This name is found in the 12th century in various forms." Ismenia 1218. Cachelove from Jönsjö p 69, Du Will. cachelove 1341.

48. Jake de Twelfoaks - new badge accepted

[Fieldless] An oak leaf per pale azure and argent.

The name was on the Eastern xLoI of 9 June 2002, decided at Laurel in October 2002. The results of that meeting have not yet been published.

49. James Hawk Galloway - new device accepted

Sable, a cross Maltese within a mascle of spears argent.

[ Name registered May 1992, via the East ]

50. Jeannine de Bordeaux - new device accepted

Vert, three fleurs- de- lys in pall inverted within a bordure argent.

The name is in process in the East. The name was on the Eastern xLoI of 23 June 2002, decided at Laurel in October 2002. The results of that meeting have not yet been published.

51. Jocelyn of Carolingia - new name accepted

Jocelin(us) from Withycombe, header form, p177, shows Jocelin(us) in 1273 and 1285. Carolingia is an SCA group in the East, name registered June 1973.

The client should be aware that 'Jocelyn' is a masculine name in period. The 13th Century French female version of the name would be 'Josseline' according to http://www.panix.com/~gabriel/public-bin/showfinal.cgi?1126+0 .

52. John Lyttleton - new badge returned

Badge: (Fieldless) A horse's head couped argent.

Name registered 02/92 via the East.

Precedent says:

[a single-headed chess knight vs a horse's head erased] The single-headed chess knight is not a period charge. Therefore difference is based on a visual comparison. The details of the chess knight's base are the only difference, and are too trivial to be significant. (AEthelmearc, Kingdom of, 5/99p. 11)

[a single-headed chess knight vs a horse's head] There is...nothing for single-headed chess knight versus horse's head. (Jonathan Thorne, 9/94 p. 18)

Due to this, the submission conflicts with Joseph Angus of Wilson (Octover 2001) Per chevron lozengy sable and argent and sable, a chess knight argent. There is one CD for the fieldlessness, but there is no other CD. You can not get a CD for position versus a forced move, nor with a fieldless badge.

53. Juliana de Essex (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Azure, two arrows in fess and in chief three crescents pendant argent.

Juliana from Withycombe s.n. Julian(a) p 184, 'one of the most common girls names from the 12th to the 15th C. de Essex from R&W p157, header form, shows William de Essex in 1246-7