Lewis Tanzos

20 February, 2003

Unto the East Kingdom College of Heralds and all others who receive this missive, greetings from Tanczos Istvan, Eastern Crown Herald!

This is the Letter of Report (LoR) containing kingdom-level decisions for submissions listed on the Eastern Internal Letter of Intent dated 01 November, 2002. These are the remainder of the kingdom decisions from Pennsic XXXI. Items accepted on this letter will be sent to Blue Tyger Herald to be included in an External Letter of Intent to Laurel King of Arms and the College of Arms for final dispoition.

As usual, the boldface is the original documentation from the LoI (which is a summary from the submission paperwork), and the normal text after that is my discussion.

Yes, I know that #39 and #40 are the wrong way around. They were alphabetized wrong in the original, and I wanted to get them swapped around to the right way, but keep their numbers identical to those in the ILoI.

Istvan Eastern Crown

1. Kalliera Laskarina (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per bend sinister sable and vert, a trillium argent barbed and seeded within and conjoined to an annulet Or.

Kalliera from Lexicon of Greek Personal Names at the University of Oxford ( http://www.lgpn.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/lex3.pl). Shows Καλλiερα, but no date. Laskarina from Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era by Bardas Xiphias. (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/introduction.html) in the section on family names, shows 'Laskaris' in the 12th C.

While Kalliera may not be explicitly dated in the LGPN, all their citations are from the 6th century or before (according to their 'about the project' page at http://www.lgpn.ox.ac.uk/lgpn1.html) , so we're letting this go to Laurel as plausible with a known temporal weirdness. The surname construction is right out of the example on feminizing family names on the website. (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/feminizing.html#feminizing_family_names)

A question was raised about allowing the mix of names. Laurel has not explicitly ruled on this question that we can find, but there was unquestionably contact between the cultures. Personal Names of the Aristocracy in the Roman Empire During the Later Byzantine Era by Bardas Xiphias (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/byzantine/introduction.html) describes how the cognomen disappeared in Roman naming practices: "With the infusion of Greek culture into the Roman Empire, the use of patronymics ('son of') and by-names (both attributive, such as 'the wise' or 'the short', and descriptive, such as 'of Antioch' or 'the tailor') began to displace inherited surnames." Additionally, in November 2001, Laurel registered 'Chrysantha d'Argento', the given name found in DeFelice's Dizionario dei Nomi Italiani (p. 116). This source (s.n. Crisante) notes that Chrysanthus is Latinized form of the Greek Chrysanthos.

2. Kalliera Laskarina - new badge accepted

(Fieldless) A trillium vert barbed and seeded within and conjoined to an annulet Or.

3. Karl Klauezahn - new badge accepted

Per fess azure and vert, a castle and in chief a plate argent.

[ Name was registered in August of 1992 via the East ]

Originally blazoned as a gate, this is neither that, nor the banned 'gateway'. It is a castle, as defined in A Pictoral Dictionary of Heraldry: 'The typical form is of two towers, joined by an embattled wall with a gate'.

4. Kataura Hachirou - new device accepted

Azure, two carpenter's squares points to chief short arms crossed in saltire all within an annulet argent.

[ Name registered as Kataura Hachirô in May 1993, via the East ]

5. Kataura Kagehira (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Vert, a dragonfly bendwise within a hexagon voided argent.

Kagehira from Throndardottir p 180, under 'bright/magnificent'. Dates to 1332 in Kamakura period. (nanori, or formal given name) Kataura is documented as follows: "reference for this name will be forthcoming in the 3rd edition of Solveig's book. It is a locative meaning the left side of the river delta, and dates to the 15th century. (myouji or family name)"

Solveig could not be contacted, so no documentation was provided for the surname. However, in the Laurel LoAR of May, 1993 (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/loar/1993/05/lar.html, we find this as part of an acceptance from the East Kingdom:

Kataura Hachirô. Name (see RETURNS for device).

The name was submitted as Kataura Hachirou Arihito. Kataura is constructed from themes in O'Neill's Japanese Names (pp.236, 313, 258), and is acceptable as either surname or given name. [...]

We consider this acceptable documentation.

6. Kate Gallagher (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, in pale a serpent erect vert and a crescent gules within a bordure embattled vert.

Kate from Withycombe s.n. Katharine, Katherine, Catherine, Catharine shows a Kate Coventry Mysteries in the 15th C. Gallagher from R&W, header Gallacher, Gallagher, Gallaher, p182, undated

Ó Corrain & Maguaire, under Caiterina, p 45, notes that Caterina was well known in the 15th century in Ireland, and notes that pet forms included 'Cait'. This would have been anglicized to 'Kate'. In Irish Families, p 153, MacLysaght says "No less than six O'Gallahgers were bishops of Raphoe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries..." (MacLysaght, Edward. Irish Families, Third Revised Edition, Crown Publishers, 1972). We mention the Irish sources because the submitter desires a name that is "English, and sounds Irish".

7. Katelin McDevit (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Sable, in fess three swords and on a chief argent three falcons sable.

Katelin from Withycombe under Catlin, submitter desires 'k' spelling, and "forms seem to move back and forth between 'c' and 'k' spellings". Talan's Feminine Given Names in a Dictionary of English Surnames ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyintro.html ) has it spelled Katelin. (Katelin* 1198 Catlin). McDevitt from MacLysaght, is an anglicized form of MacDaid, anglicized as MacDavitt, p 73/81.

Katelin can be found at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/reaneyHZ.html under Katharine, so this spelling is fine

8. Kateline Conteville (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Purpure, a dragon couchant wings elevated and inverted within an orle argent.

Kateline from Withycombe, p 186, header 'Katherine'. "n Middle English it usually appears as Katerine, Kateline, and Cateline". Conteville from Dauzat/Rostaing p 208, "Conteville 1249" under Couteville.

9. Kirsten Weisel - new badge accepted

Per pale azure and ermine, two weasels addorsed rampant, their tails entwined counterchanged.

[ Name registered in June 2001, via the East ]

10. Kis Maria - (f) new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, an escarbuncle of six per fess sable and gules, in chief a gerbil sable.

Kis supposedly Hungarian for 'Small', and according to Nijmegen's Hungarian names 101, the byname usually precedes the surname in Hungary through the 16th Century. ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/magyarnames101.html ) Marika is reportedly a Hungarian form of Maria. Nijmegen's Hungarian Female Names lists "[Mária] 1615 Kenderesi Maria 1592 Tihanyi" ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/magfem.html).

Submitted as Kis Marika, the given name (Marika) could not be documented to period. We have absolutely no doubt that it is a period, dimunitive, pet form of Maria, but nobody in period seems to actually have been named Marika, it's just a nickname. Kis, however, is found on pp. 594-596 of Kázmér Miklós' Régi Magyar Családnevek szótára in all sorts of spellings. Kis is first dated in that spelling in 1400 as a surname for one 'Stephanum Kis'. The last period entry in this spelling is one 'Kis Janos' in 1599. Other common spellings throughout the period include 'Kys', 'Kÿs', and 'Kws'.

11. Kjalgrimr Klugh (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, a skull sable.

Kjalgrimr is a constructed name from Geirr Bassi. Kjal- from names such as 'Kjallakr' and 'Kjalvqr', and -grimr from names such as 'Kolgrimr' and 'Thorgrimr' found on pages 12 and 16. Klugh is the submitter's mundane last name [PCA: PA Driver's License]

The parts of Kjalgrimr can be found in the following resources: "Icelandic and Heathen names" by Haukur Þorgeirsson (http://www.irminsul.org/arc/012ht.html#g) shows "Grímr (Gríms) m - From Grím-. Also a name suffix" and Grím- asa name prefix meaning "mask, disguise, helm, night". Also, Viking Bynames found in the Landnámabók (http://www.sit.wisc.edu/~sfriedemann/names/vikbynames.htm) says that "Kjalki" means jawbone.

12. Konner MacPherson - new device accepted

Per pale & per fess rayonne sable & argent seme of thistles sable, two lions passant guardent argent.

[ Name was registered in May of 1992 via the East ]

13. Kusunoki Akitada (m) - new name accepted

Kusunoki from Solveig "Historical Surnames" dated to 1392 - Japan. Akitada - Solveig "Historical Masculine Nanori" - c.1600 Japan

Historical Masculine Nanori is part of Solveig's Name Construction In Medieval Japan, p 329 dated to 1600. Historical Surnames is from the same, the name appears on p 319, dated to 1392.

14. Laurencia MacLeod (f) - new name accepted & new device returned

Or, a spear sable between three drop spindles purpure.

Laurencia from Withycombe, s.n Laura dates Laurencia to the 12th C and dates Laurencia Testa de Tieville to the 13th C. MacLeod from Black, p 538 s.n. MacLeod, dates a Gillandres MacLeod to 1227

There is a linguistic weirdness for combining English and Scots, but the name is otherwise registerable.

The device conflicts with that of Angus Kerr registered in June of 2001 via the East: "Or, a spear sable.". There is a single CD for the addition of the secondary charges. Since the conflit is with a reasonably new registration, the submitter may wish to try contacting him for permission to conflict.

15. Magnus Haakonssen (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Gules, on a chevron argent two axes in chevron heads to center sable and in base a tankard Or.

Magnus from Geirr Bassi, p 13. Haakon header form in 'SMP' dated to 1403.

SMP is Sveriges Medeltida Personnamn, a list of all Swedish given names found in medieval records. The surname, submitted as 'Haakonsen' is not quite right. We have placed it in the genitive case. Hákon can also be found in http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/landnamabok.htm, Aryhanwy's Viking Names Found In The Landnámabók;. Also, Lind dates this spelling of Magnus to 1311.

16. Margaret of Highbridge (f) - new name accepted & new device returned

Sable, a double-arched bridge Or masoned sable.

Margaret is a header in Withycombe, p 206. First recorded example is St. Margaret, who died in 1093. Highbridge from Ekwall, header form. "So[Highbridge 1324 Misc, (juxta) Attum Pontem 1327 Subs.]"pp 227-8

The device conflicts with that of William of Hoghton (November 1981, West) Sable, two towers joined by a bridge Or.

First, this is not actually a bridge, heraldically speaking. A bridge is defined to have a tower at the edge of each span, which this does not have. We're not quite sure what this is heraldically, aside from a fess couped and masoned with arched holes in it.

Secondly, precedent says that there is no difference granted for the masoning:

[a tower argent masoned sable] Architectural charges made of stonework such as towers, castles and walls may be drawn masoned as a matter of artist's license. Therefore, there is no additional tincture difference for adding or removing masoning for these types of charge. [Gemma Meen, 01/02, R-An Tir]
It is probable that the two charges are different enough to grant a CD -- precedent says:
There is a CD between a wall throughout and a castle. While the usual rule of thumb is that there is no CD for a non-ordinary for the same non-ordinary throughout, a wall acts effectively as a fess embattled. [Brian Brock, 07/99, A-Atenveldt]
While a castle is not significantly different from either a tower or a bridge, there is little history of identification between a tower and bridge, unlike that between a tower and a castle. Neither is there a strong visual similarity between a tower and a bridge as there is between a castle and a bridge. Thus we find that there is a CD between a tower and bridge.[Michael Gillean of Blackwater Keep, 08/99, A-Æthemearc]
So it is entirely possible that there is a CD between the two.

Unfortunately, there is at best one CD and not complete difference of charge, which is not enough to clear the conflict.

17. Maria Alegreza di Nicoletti - new alternate name accepted & new device accepted
Submitted Name: Molly Blythe (f)

Gules, three dragons passant contourney Or.

Molly is from Withycombe, p 211-212, diminutive of Mary, first found in England at the end of the 12th Century. Blythe from R&W, p 50 under Bly. Could be a nickname from OE bliðe 'merry'. Form de Bliða dated to 1177. Also Blythe (Warwicks) gives a John Blythe, 1296.

18. Marion of Preston - new device accepted

Erminois, a bordure azure semy of cinquefoils argent.

[ Name was registered in July of 1990 via the East ]

19. Merlyn von Bremen (f) - new name accepted

Merlyn dated to 1385 in Gwynek's Medieval German Given Names from Silesia ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm) von Bremen from Brechenmacher p 262 under Bremen.

There was a typo in the LoI header. The submitter is, in fact, submitting 'von Bremen'.

20. Michael the Unsure (m) - new name & new badge accepted

(Fieldless) on a tower argent three gunstones in pale

Michael s.n. from Withycombe, dated in that form to 1196-1215. the Unsure taken from R&W, header Unready - documented to 1188 as 'Leuric Unsiker' which R&W translates to 'unsure'.

21. Michal Almond de Champagne - new badge accepted

(Fieldless) A fleur-de-lis per pale argent and sable.

[ Name was registered in December of 1993 via the East ]

22. Milissent Heathwait (f) - new name accepted

Milessent from Colm Dubh's An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html ). du Heathwaite from Ekwall, p 219, under 'Heathwaite'. No date given on submission form.

The actual forms given in Colm's article are either 'Milesent' or 'Milessent'. Withycombe, under Millicent, Melicent gives several spellings of this name: Melisent (1201), Melisant (1213), Milicenta (1273), Millesenta (1273), Mylisant (1379), Milisent (soon after the end of the 12th C). Based on the e/i changes and the variance of spelling, she gets to keep her spelling. Eckwall, under Heathwaite gives the format 'Heittheuuot' in 1273 and 'Haithwait' in 1175. There is no article in any of the documentation , so we have dropped it.

23. Muirgheal Mag Raith - new device accepted

Chevronelly azure and Or crucily formy azure.

[ Name registered Feb, 1992, via Calontir ]

24. Murienne Duquette (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per pale Or and gules, two dragons combattant counterchanged.

Murienne from Colm Dubh An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html ). Duquette is the submitter's mundane last name. ]

25. Nest verch Tangwistel - new device accepted

Per pale embattled azure and Or, an arrow azure.

[ Name registered September 2002, via the East ]

26. Niccolo da Palermo - (m) new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, three bendlets gules in sinister chief a unicorn's head couped sable.

Niccolo - 227 examples in Italian names from Florence. [ This is actually Names From the Online Catasto of 1427, http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/family_names.html]. de is a locative particle. Palermo is a town in Sicily, taken from de Felice's Cognomi p 156. 'efrequent spec in Sicilia ca Palermo stressa eformato dal toponimo Palermo'.

The Italian locative particle is 'da'.

27. Padraig Ó Taidc - (m) new name accepted & new device accepted

Azure, a double tressure argent.

Padraig from OCM p 152 -"This is a borrowing of Latin Patricius ' a patrician' (Patrick) came into use as a personal name among the colonists in Ireland before it became common among the native Irish." Ó - from same p 10, 'grandson of'. Tadc from same, p 168,"'a poet' - this name was relatively common in the early period."

We have made the proper changes to the surname for the 'descendant of' marker, and placed it in the genitive form as per 100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/irish100.html) .

The device is clear of John Balliol, King of Scotland (December 1994, via Laurel) "Gules, an orle argent" with one CD for the color of the field and one CD for the change in number of ordinaries.

28. Padraig Ó Taidc - new badge accepted

Azure, a bordure argent charged with eight lozenges throughout conjoined at the tips azure.

It is quite possible this will be returned at Laurel for lack of identifiability, or for being an excessively modern pattern, but Eastern Crown is unwilling to make that decision.

29. Patrick McConville (m) - new name accepted

Patrick a header in Withycombe, 'It has been chiefly used in Ireland & Scotland, but was common in the North of England from the 12th C. p 239'. McConville from MacLysaght (sn.n MacConville) The name of an Oriel sept mainly found in cos. Armagh, Louth & Down, p56.

Actually, it's under '(Mac) Conville', but that's OK.

30. Pekka Karvulakki (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per saltire gules and Or, a raven contourny within a bordure sable.

All docs from Finnish Names #8 - Lastuja Aarnimetsästä by Rouva Giertnud. Pekka under Perkko dated to 1548. Karvulakki dated to 1500, is probably a byname.

Both names can also be found in Vanhat nimityyppimme (Finnish Names) at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/FinnishNamesArticle.htm. Karvulakki is the normalized form, it is dated to 1500 as 'Karwulacki'. Pekka is dated there to 1548.

31. Perote Campbell (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per bend vert and azure, a ram's head erased contourny and a hedgehog rampant Or.

Perote under Peter in Withycombe dated in this spelling to 1306. Campbell from Black, header, dated to 1390.

32. Rauve Griffon de Lauraét (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per pale vert and argent, an increscent Or.

Rauve from An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Colm Dubh. ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html ) Gives a Rauve de Miauz, venue (J). Rauve a Jewish given name. Griffaud -aut, Griffoin, p 480-1 of Morlet's Dictionnaire Étymologique des Noms de Famille. Grifon le lombart & Grefin le ferpier also appear in the Census of Paris. Lauraët is on p 390 of Dauzat's Noms de Lieux. de Laureto dated to 1115.

33. Rhiannon verch Tegan Glascoed - new badge accepted

A cat rampant surmounted in saltire by a shepherd's crook bendwise sinister azure.

[ Name was registered in August of 1995 via the East ]

34. Robert Tyrrell de Wachefeld - resub name accepted & recheck pended device still clear

Sable, a sword inverted argent piercing a heart inverted Or and on a chief argent three crosses formy gules.

Robert from Withycombe, dated to 1086. Tyrrell from R&W, sn.n Tirrell, Tyrrell. Terryll dated to 1568, Tirell dated to 1153. Wakefield from Ekwall, p 381, dated to 1086 in the Domesday book.

On p 491 of my Ekwall, under Wakefield, I find Wachefeld dated to 1121 from the Domesday Book.

35. Rosa da Murano - resub device accepted

Paly wavy argent and azure, four roses two and two Or.

[ Name was registered in June of 2001 via the East ]

36. Rosa da Murano - new badge accepted

(Fieldless) An axe fesswise inverted Or hafted proper.

[ Name was registered in June of 2001 via the East ]

37. Salia D'Angleterre (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Quarterly azure and gules, a dragon segreant coward within an orle argent.

Salia under Sella, dated to 900 in Morlet. d'Angleterre 'of England' from LaRousse's Dictionnaire Etymologique

Salia is in Morlet's Les Noms de Personne sur le Territoire de L'ancienne Gaule, volume 1, p 194 under SaL. We find 'Salia' dated to 900. In Dauzat's dictionnarie étymologique des noms et prénoms de France, p 173, under Dangleterre, it says " originally d'Angleterre". It also says 'a rare patronym in the face of the numbers of Langlais-Langlois'.

The device is clear of that of Emrys Dragon (February 2000, via Atenveldt) Gyronny Or and purpure, a dragon segreant and a bordure argent. There is a CD for the field and a CD for the change of secondary from bordure to orle.

38. Seaan O'Hagan - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, on a single-horned anvil sable a pheon argent on a chief sable three trilliums argent.

Seaan is header in OCM, (Seaan, Seán) "relatively popular in England from the 12th to 15th Centuries, brought into Ireland by the anglo-norman settlers." O'Hagan from MacLysaght, s.n. (O) Hagan, says that this is the name of an important Ulster sept.

Since David O Kellahan was registered in November 1997 to a David Callahan, we're not worried about the mundane name problem: the RfS requires either a change of spelling that alters the pronunciation or an addition of a syllable. The addition of the 'O' is enough.

40. Sion ap Llywelyn (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Azure, on a chevron between three goutes argent, a dragonship azure.

Sion from Tangwystl's Welsh Miscellany, p31. ap is a patronymic for 'son of'. Llywelyn is a header in Morgan & Morgan, p 147. "of Llywelyn as the first name: perio 985-1215."

39. Sláine Scriptore - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per pale sable and vert, in pale a skull and a warhammer fesswise Or.

Sláine is from OCM p 166,"Later Middle Ages" Scriptore from Black s.n. Scripture, p 716 , dated to 1094, 1206, 1270.

41. Su'ad al-Raqqasah - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, on a chevron ploye throughout between 3 lotus blossoms in profile azure 3 decrescents argent.

Su'ad found in Da'ud ibn Auda's Arabic Naming Practices and Period Names List ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/arabic-naming.html ) al Raqqasah from Wehr, p 354, 'professional dancer'.

There was a typo on the LoI for the last name, we have corrected it. Wehr, incidentally, is not a no-photocopy source. We generally don't like not having photocopies of the citations, even for Pennsic submissions. Wehr is apparently a modern Arabic-English dictionary, however St. Gabriel's client letter #2319 has this to say about it in one of the footnotes:

Wehr, Hans, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, edited by J. Milton Cowan, 3rd ed. (Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, Inc., 1976). It's worth noting that standard literary Arabic has not changed significantly since the writing of the Quraan. (http://www.s-gabriel.org/2319.html)

42. Sylvia le Vey - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per pale purpure and vert, a horse passant contourny and on a chief argent an arrow bendwise sinister inverted between two fleurs-de-lys inverted purpure.

Sylvia from de Felice, s.n. Silvio says that St. Sylvia died in Rome about 572. Withycombe says this name was used in Renaissance Italy. du Vey from Dauzat's Noms de famille, p 593, s.n. Vey, (Le) Vey is header form in Dauzat & Rostaing, Vey dated to 1458.

Submitted as du Vey, the documentation did not support 'du'.

According to the table in the Cover Letter to the January 2003 LoAR, mixing French and Italian is a weirdness, but should be acceptable given the regular contact between France and Italy in period. (The Avignon Papal schism (1305-1376), Charles VIII of France's military campaign in Italy and his claiming the kingdom of Naples (1494-5), The French conquest of Milan in 1515, etc)

43. Symonds Harley - new device accepted

Azure, two piles en point inverted bendwise sinister azure fimbriated overall a hare sejeant dexter paw raised argent.

[ Name was registered as Symond Harley in June of 2001 via the East ]

This may be disallowed as thin-line heraldry, but Laurel gets to make that call.

44. Talan Gwyllt - (m) new name accepted

Talan from Welsh name list in"Welsh names and naming practices" p 31. Gwyllt from Welsh byname list in same, p32. [ Please note that these are articles in A Welsh Miscellany, CA #66. By Heather Rose Jones. ]

45. Temyl Rosche Hutter (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Sable, on a chevron between 3 open books Or in chevron two arrows inverted sable.

Temyl from Gwynek's Medieval German Given Names from Silesia header Thomas 9: Temyl: 1317 ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/bahlow_v.htm) Rasche from Bahlow header Rasch, Rasche lists a Joh. Rasche, Strals, 1277 on p 439. Hutter from Bahlow, header 'Huter, Huterer' - 'hat maker', says to see 'Huth' p 268. 'Huth' is 'hatmaker' dates one Lüder Hut, Han. 1366 Double surnames are plausible in German under certain conditions. We're not sure what kind of surname 'Rosche' is, we're sending it up in the hope that the CoA commenters are more knowledgable about it than we are.

46. Tigernan Fox - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per pale sable and vert, in pale a hanging balance and a sword inverted Or.

Tigernan is a header in OCM s.n. Tigernan cites a Tigernan va Ruaric 1127. Fox is a header in MacLysaght, 'though some English Foxes settled in Co. Limerick, Fox in Ireland is mainly a synonym of Kearney, MacAshinah, Shanahy, or Shinnock'.

This name mixes Gaelic and English in the name, which is considered one step from period practice, though registerable. The precedent is from the return of Banbnat MacDermot (Calontir, 09/01): "This name combines a Gaelic given name with an Anglicized byname which is a weirdness."

47. Tairdelbach Ó Ruairc - new name accepted & new device accepted

Pily bendy argent and sable, a sword inverted gules.

Tairdelbach: OCM p 169 s.n. Tairdelbach, cites Tairdelbach ua Briain, King of Munster who died in 1086. Ó Ruairc from Woulfe, p 636, heading Ó Ruairc, "Three of them (the Ó Ruaircs) in the 10th and 11th Centuries were kings of Connacht."

Submitted as 'Toirdelbach', we have changed the spelling to match the documentation

48. Tomyris of the Sauromatae (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per fess vert and argent, 2 foxes statant counterchanged.

Tomyris from Herodotas, the Histories, p 123 Book I, Section 20. Sauromatae from same, p 306, Book IV, Section 105. Sheet claims: Tomyris was a scythian Queen's name. The Sauromatae were another tribe that shared some customs, language, etc.

49. Una Logan - new device returned

Per fess vert and azure, on a chief argent 3 hearts gules.

[ Name was registered in August of 1998 via the East ]

The emblazon does not match the blazon. The actual blazon of the submitted device would be "Per fess argent and azure, a fess vert and in chief three hearts gules." This is color-on-color, and must be returned for a redraw.

50. Vincenzo Martino Mazza (m) - new name accepted

Vincenzo from Italian names from the Catasto of Florence, 1327. It also apparently appears in Italian Personal Names by Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor from the Caidian Heraldic Symposium proceedings, AS XXIV, p 109, which apparently dates this to 1440. Martino male second given name from Italian Personal Names by Rhian Lyth of Blackmoor from the Caidian Heraldic Symposium proceedings, AS XXIV, p 109, apparently dates this to 1380, 1397, 1405, 1374(?) Mazza from http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/ferrante/catasto/family_names.html, which is Names from the Online Catasto of 1427.

Vincenzo can also be found at http://www.sit.wisc.edu/~sfriedemann/names/florence1282-1532.htm which is Italian Given Names from the Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532. The Tratte itself is at http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/tratte/

51. Viennet de Mer (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, on a pale wavy between two Maltese latin crosses azure a sea-unicorn argent.

Viennet is from An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris by Colm Dubh, which is at http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html. de means 'of'. Mer from Dictionnaire Étymologique Des Noms de Fammile, header form. Says "n. de localité d'origine (Loir-et-cher), ch 1. cant [Mare 1210]"

the translation of the citation from Dauzat is "name of locality of origin" In other words, this is a geographic surname. Mer is French for 'sea', so we are unsure if this is an actual geograpic, for which the correct form is 'de Mer', or if it's "of the sea", which would be 'de la Mer'.

52. Wojeick z Krakow (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Per chevron azure and gules, on a chevron between two crosses formy and an eagle argent a compass sable.

Wojeick from Hoffmann's Polish Surnames p 540 shows a "Woj-on". also says ancient diathematic Wojeiech; root Woj. . Kraków from same, p 110-111, shows Kraków as a city in Poland.

We find a "Wojciech" at http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/walraven/polish/, Polish Given Names in Nazwiska Polaków by Walraven van Nijmegen and Arval Benicoeur, so this is fine as a personal name. Laurel may decide to change the spelling to that found in the article from St. Gabriel.

53. Wilhelm von Ostenbrücke (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Argent, on a fess embattled to chief between three Maltese crosses azure a sword argent.

Wilhelm from Brechenmacher p 812, vn Wilhelm 1267 quondam Die-thericus mile de Keppenbach. Wilhelm der Leitname des Gesehlechts 1151. von is of. Ostenbrüche. Osten is from Brechenmacher s.n. Ost, Oste(n), Oeste(n). Lippold von der Oesten (auch Osten): PUB VI 336 u.o. 1275 p 353. Brücke from Brechenmacher, s.n. Bruck, =gg=, gy=ü=, "einer bei(an) der Brücke. 1198 Heinr. de Ponte, zu Kreuzlingen" p 228.

It means 'of East Bridge'.

54. William Grey (m) - new name accepted

William from Withycombe, header, "Introduced into England by the Normans in the 11th century." Grey from R&W, header, dates a Philip le Grey to 1296.

55. Wulfstan Thorhallsson - new badge accepted

Per saltire sable and gules, a crescent argent.

[ Name registered in December of 1989 via the East ]

56. Wulfwyn atte Maeldun (f) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Azure, a saltire Or between four wolf's heads cabossed argent.

Wulfwyn from Marike van de Dal's Anglo-Saxon Women's Names from Royal Charters dated to 990. ( http://www.s-gabriel.org/names/marieke/anglosaxonfem/ ) atte Maeldun from Ekwall, s.n. Ma{e-}l. Ekwall mentions that 'mael' is a mark or cross, occurs in Malden, Maldon, Maulden, and Meldon. It was also the Mellbury, Millbarrow, and perhaps some other names.

This element is registered to her mundane father, Draguin atte Maeldun (4/90, East) [ Please note that {e-} is intended to represent an e with a straight line over it. I can't find it in the SGML character lists. Also note that under s.n. Malden we find a M{æ'}ldun dated to 913. That is supposed to represent an accent over the ae ligature, specifically over the a. Honest, that's how it appears in the book. ]

There is, by the way, no proof provided that the grandfater clause applies in this case, only the assertation that it does. Thankfully, the name is passable as it is. 'Maeldun' actually means 'a hill with a mael or monument or cross' (Ekwall, p297) and 'atte' is 'at the', which Cateline de la Mor la souriete says is a "Typical form [for locatives] in Old or Middle English" in her article A Brief Introduction to the History of Names, found on the Laurel website ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/namehist.html). So there is at most one weirdness for mixing Anglo-Saxon and English, and the name is registerable.

If the submitter wishes to invoke the grandfather clause, and can get us a hardcopy letter from their father to us by the time we send out the External LoI, it can still be used. Please contact Brigantia, Eastern Crown, or Mural herald for the form the letter should take.

57. Yehoshua ben Haim haLevi (m) - new name accepted & new device accepted

Or, a bend between two shofars bendwise azure.

Yehoshua from Pirkei Avos (1:6) p 10/11 a given name. ben is the standard patronymic seen in Pirkei Avos Haim from "Jewish Given Names from Les Noms Des Israelites en France" as a given name. [ http://www.sit.wisc.edu/~sfriedemann/names/levyintro.htm ] haLevi 'the Levite', a tribal designation from Individuals mentioned in Hebrew Accounts 12th-13th century. [ http://yucs.org/~jules/names/latecr.html ]

ben Haim - Jewish Naming Convention in Angevin England by Eleazar ha-Levi (http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/jewish.html) shows both 'ben' and 'Haim' as a varient of 'Hayyim'. 'Levi' is, in fact, one of the 12 tribes of Israel, and the article also says that the construction is a shortened form to show the family name which can be put after a patronymic. Note that, according to the article, 'le Blund' came from a mis-spelling of 'Ha-Levi', which provides additional documentation for the name.

58. Yon de la Sèle - new name accepte & new device accepted

Per pale sable and gules, a dragon segreant contourny Or.

The name Yon de la Sèle is found in Colm Dubh's An Index to the Given Names in the 1292 Census of Paris ( http://www.sca.org/heraldry/laurel/names/paris.html ).

We do not believe that the mundane person is important enough to protect, as we did not find him in a ger

59. Yrsa Asmundsdóttir (f) - new name accepted

Yrsa from Geirr Bassi p 16. Asmundr from same, p 8. Patronymic formed according to the rules on p17 of same.